Associate Director Allison Gill, Director, Moscow Office Alexander Petrov, Deputy Director, Moscow Office Julia Hall, Senior Researcher Acacia Shields, Senior Researcher Andrea Berg, Researcher Jane Buchanan


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President Mikheil Saakashvili Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON doctors report of the number of bodies brought to the Tskhinvali hospital. other figure, as a comprehensive account Prosecutor Generals investigation is distingui ., росс=>с?=м= матер=алы посвяNенного ?онфл=?та обороны =<вестно отсле;=вал= ра>онаJ обOеме наM= по<=K=я росс=>с?о> kьюман Росс== пр=менен=я фа?т=Lес?= определенную терр=тор=ю обрат=л=сь Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director, Moscow Office Alexander Petrov, Deputy Director, Moscow Office ulia Hall, Senior Researcher Acacia Shields, Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher udith Sunderland, Researcher Liudmila Belova, Associate Inara Gulpe-Laganovska, Coordinator Mihra Rittmann , Associate Anna Sinelnikova, Associate Eugene Sokoloff, Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate Steering Committee Marco Stoffel, Alice H. Henkin, Vice Chair Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Felice Gaer Conor Gearty Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Michael McFaul Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer Herbert Okun ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald Mark Walton oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Iain Levine, Program Director Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Senior Legal Advisor oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director Wilder Tayler, Legal and Policy Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELES MOSCOW NEW YORKSAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON не=<б=рательного Осет== =сLерпываюN=м свя<= работа =муNеству домов ун=Lто;енного дополн=тельные та?=е пр=L=на терр=тор=альная Осет== Северно> Ра>тс Lтобы ноября соде>ств=е Алл=сон lентрально> ВотL То?=о 1992 настояNее kьюман соб=рает норм гуман=тарного во>с?а обороны отсле;=вал= Осет== та?;е обOеме наM= росс=>с?о> аде?ватное эт=м kьюман Генеральную Lасть терр=тор== <апросам= Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher Maria Lisitsyna, udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Masha Lipman Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, Executive Director Michele Alexander, Development & Outreach Director Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Emma Daly, Communications Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Global Advocacy Director Iain Levine, Program Director Andrew Mawson, Deputy Program Director Suzanne Nossel, Chief Operating Officer Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON адресуем L=сле не=<б=рательного л=Kам= Вопросы, ?асаюN=еся потерь ?онфл=?та до?умент=рован гра;данс?=J =мел= =сLерпываюN=м L=сло соLтете соде>ств=я следуюNего свя<= провод=лось гра;данс?=м= относяN=Jся Рассматр=вается гра;данс?=J том наруMен=> гуман=тарного могл= о<на?ом=ть эт=м= обстоятельстваJ Zсл= с?оль?о НаM=м= Lленов ?онвенK=> та?=J гра;данс?=J <адер;=вал=сь освобо;дены стра;е> гра;данс?=J НаJод=л=сь росс=>с?о> меJан=<мы содер;ан=я пр=н=мал=сь росс=>с?=м= удер;=вавM=еся терр=тор== ?оторая военнопленным= выявлено росс=>с?о> росс=>с?о> стороно> расследован=ю фа?т=Lес?= )? Вопросы, ?асаюN=еся <аN=ты гра;данс?ого населен=я: Нам= до?умент=рованы та?=е преступлен=я, ?а? под;ог= нападен=я сентябре 2008 многоL=сленные Осет== 13 роль ВотL дне> фа?т=Lес?= росс=>с?о> органы фа?т=Lес?= росс=>с?=м= та?=J Вопросы, ?асаюN=еся пр=менен=я потерь гра;данс?ого органы не=<б=рательном ?а?овы органы не=<б=рательном ответы <адаL= ноября соде>ств=е вопросы : +1 212 216 1266, л=бо Алл=сон lентрально> Эдуардов=L ., росс=>с?=м= матер=алы посвяNенного ?онфл=?та обороны =<вестно отсле;=вал= ра>онаJ справедл=во обнародовать выводы по<=K=я росс=>с?о> kьюман во>с? Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher Maria Lisitsyna, udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Masha Lipman Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, Executive Director Michele Alexander, Development & Outreach Director Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Emma Daly, Communications Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Global Advocacy Director Iain Levine, Program Director Andrew Mawson, Deputy Program Director Suzanne Nossel, Chief Operating Officer Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON Генеральную Адм=н=страK=ю не=<б=рательного Осет== Вопросы, ?асаюN=еся потерь ?онфл=?та гра;данс?=J =мел= =меюN=еся соде>ств=я следуюNего ?онфл=?та Lасть росс=>с?ому росс=>с?=J <аф=?с=ровано полуLен=я смертельного ранен=я нон?омбатантам= =л= НаM=м= освобо;дены л=K ?онфл=?та росс=>с?о> меJан=<мы обраNен=е пр=н=мал=сь Lтобы гру<=нс?=е терр=тор== фа?т=Lес?= военнопленным= С?оль?о росс=>с?о> содер;ан=я гру<=нс?=J меры с=туаK== Вопросы, ?асаюN=еся <аN=ты гра;данс?ого населен=я: Нам= до?умент=рованы та?=е преступлен=я, ?а? под;ог=, грабе;= = нападен=я на м=рныJ ;=теле> в Гор=>с?ом ра>оне в августе сентябре многоL=сленные Осет== Ю;но> сыграл= kьюман публ=Lно дне> поставлена гра;данс?ого фа?т=Lес?= бе<опасност= ?он?ретные меры пр=н=мал=сь населен=я Ю;но> росс=>с?о> М=н=стерством вн=ман=е Ю;но> грабе;е> гра;данс?ого ?онтрол=руемо> пол=K=я допус?алась росс=>с?=J С=лаJ меJан=<м Вопросы, ?асаюN=еся пр=менен=я сотрудн=?ам= та?=е пр=менен=я прос=м пр=н=мал=сь м=н=м=<=ровать Lасте> не=<б=рательного де>ств=тельност= не=<б=рательного пр=менен=я Ра>тс боепр=пасов следуюN=J ?онфл=?та АJалдаба =споль<ован=е сопутствуюN=е гру<=нс?=м= ?огда сопутствуюN=е гру<=нс?=м= ?онфл=?та м=н ?огда сопутствуюN=е гра;данс?=е боепр=пасы дополн=тельную Пр=менял=сь ПТАБ 210, 9 ?онте>неры ?он?ретным боепр=пасов Росс=е> уLастн=?ов пр=менен=я (1980)? соде>ств=я СL=тает .? установ?= персонала Ра>тс обороны полуL=ть встрет=ться соде>ств=е [email protected] Алл=сон lентрально> Медведеву ВотL То?=о 1992 настояNее kьюман соб=рает норм гуман=тарного во>с?а обороны отсле;=вал= Осет== та?;е обOеме выводы местаJ было ю;но> стороны адм=н=страт=вно> Ю;но> Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher Maria Lisitsyna, udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Masha Lipman Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, Executive Director Michele Alexander, Development & Outreach Director Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Emma Daly, Communications Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Global Advocacy Director Iain Levine, Program Director Andrew Mawson, Deputy Program Director Suzanne Nossel, Chief Operating Officer Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON Осет== пр=<нательны следуюN=J во<враNен=е остав=вM=J Осет== росс=>с?=м у?а<ан=я югоосет=нс?=м= во<враNен== та?;е аналог=Lные вопросы пр=менен=я Ю;но> 16 встрет=ться сотрудн=?ам= соде>ств=е вопросы : +1 212 216 1266, л=бо Алл=сон lентрально> Mr. David Kezerashvili Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher Maria Lisitsyna, udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Masha Lipman Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, Executive Director Michele Alexander, Development & Outreach Director Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Emma Daly, Communications Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Global Advocacy Director Iain Levine, Program Director Andrew Mawson, Deputy Program Director Suzanne Nossel, Chief Operating Officer Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELES MOSCOW NEW YORKSAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON Questions regarding casualties: During our work in the conflict zone we have received information about civilian and s Watch has not been in a position to compile exhaustive information on the total number of deaths and injured. How many Georgian military service personnel were killed during the conflict? Ministry of Internal Affairs units partici the command of the joint staff of the armed forces. Have there been these units missing? th copies of the custody records of all or call me at +1 212 216 1266. Giorgi Gogia, at +995 7742 1235. Dear Mr. Adeishvili, Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eronika L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher Maria Lisitsyna, udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Masha Lipman Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, Executive Director Michele Alexander, Development & Outreach Director Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Emma Daly, Communications Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Global Advocacy Director Iain Levine, Program Director Andrew Mawson, Deputy Program Director Suzanne Nossel, Chief Operating Officer Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON Questions regarding casualties: During our work in the conflict zone we ha ve documented a number of civilian and s Watch has not been in a position to compile exhaustive information on the total number of deaths and injured. you can contact Human Rights Watchs November 12, 2008 Minister of Internal Affairs of Georgia Mr. Ivane Merabishvili Tbilisi, Georgia, 0114 G. Gulua Str. 10 I am writing to request your assistan ce in gathering information relating to the armed conflict with Russia Europe and Central Asia Division Holly Cartner, Executive Director Rachel Denber, Deputy Director eroni a L. Szente Goldston, Benjamin Ward, Associate Director Allison Gill, Director Moscow Office Tanya Lokshina, Deputy Director Moscow Office Andrea Berg, Researcher ane Buchanan, Researcher Maria Lisitsyna, udith Sunderland, Researcher Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen, Emma Sinclair-Webb, Researcher Igor Vorontsov, Giorgi Gogia, Researcher Tatyana Cooper , Associate Sonya Kleshik, Kathryn Koonce, Associate iktoriya Kim , Associate Iwona Zielinska , Associate DVISORY Committee Alice H. Henkin Marco Stoffel Henri Barkey Gerhart Baum Stephen Del Rosso Phyllida Earle Felice Gaer Michael Gellert eri Laber Walter Link Masha Lipman Helena Luczywo ean Paul Marthoz Sarah E. Mendelson Karl Meyer ane Olson Arjan Overwater Can Paker Hannah Pakula Colette Shulman Leon Sigal Malcolm Smith George Soros Gerard Stoudmann Ruti Teitel Mark von Hagen Patricia M. Wald oanna Weschler Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, Executive Director Michele Alexander, Development & Outreach Director Carroll Bogert, Associate Director Emma Daly, Communications Director Barbara Guglielmo, Finance & Administration Director Peggy Hicks, Global Advocacy Director Iain Levine, Program Director Andrew Mawson, Deputy Program Director Suzanne Nossel, Chief Operating Officer Dinah PoKempner, General Counsel ames Ross, Legal & Policy Director oe Saunders, Deputy Program Director ane Olson, Chair, Board of Directors HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH 350 Fifth Avenue, 34 Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 Tel: 212-290-4700 Fax: 212-736-1300 Email: [email protected] BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON In official statements, the former Chief of Staff Mr. Gogava indicated that Ministry of Internal Affairs units participated in the joint staff of the armed forces. rticipated in the military operation? Have there been casualties among the Mi nistry of Internal Affairs units? Are any members of these units missing? Were any members of these units detained? How many and by whom? or call me at +1 212 216 1266. Alternatively, you can contact Human Rights Watchs representa tive in Georgia, Giorgi Gogia, at +995 Rachel Denber Acting Director Europe and Central Asia division December 3, 2008 this Commission. This Saakashvili who, though he is not constitutionally required to do so, spent nearly five hours with the Commission on November 28. Moreover, on behalf of the Government of Ge orgia, I want to tell you that a credible allegation of malfeasance by any individualin cluding all Georgian citizens, Georgian officials and Georgian military personnelwill be fully investigated. If the investigation warrants prosecution, charges will be filed and pursued in Georgian courts. Courts will then decide the outcomes. Just as we w ill vigorously prosecute alleged crimes, we will with equal vigor insist upon due process of law for any accused individual. As a final introductory note, I would like to in vite the continued inte rest of HRW in the facts surrounding the Russian invasion of Georgi a. On many of the matters raised in your Ms. Denber, this letter represents our best effo rt to answer your questions as quickly as possible at this time. However, should you have any further or follow-up questions, ess a single request to me. Casualties, wounded and missing GAF members killed: 169 GAF members wounded: 1.198 GAF members missing in action: 9 Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) member s killed: 16 (8 during the active phase of the conflict; 8 after the active phase of th e conflict, from explosions or shootings MIA members wounded: 11 (after the active phase of the conf lict, from explosions or shootings while patrolling areas MIA members missing in action: 6 Special Tasks Main Division Regional Police units in the regions adjacent to the conflict areas Special Operations Department Constitutional Security Department All interviewed Georgian military personnel held prisoner during and after the conflict confirm that, though members of separatist ille gal armed formations participated in their capture, imprisonment and abuse, Russian forces were always present and evidently in charge. Consequently, we draw no distinct 3 The prosecution Service of Georgia interviewed 13 of the 39 Georgian prisoners of war. These 13 all said that Russian authorities were violations of international humanitarian law in the course of armed conflict that the Criminal Code of Georgia. Further, on August 11, the Investigative Department ini violations of international humanitarian law that are covered by Article 413 of the Criminal Code of Georgia. (These two cr iminal were later amalgamated into case 074088079). The case covers crimes committed in the context of the Russian To date, more than three thousand witn Russian military personnel held as POWs: 5 Members of separatist illegal armed formations: 27 (Note that these are all maintain reliable custody records. (For example, 7 names were each given by two Although conditions vary among facilities, all cells are equipped with beds, mattresses, bedding, water a is served three times daily In facilities maintained by the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Main Unit for Monitoring and Protection of Human Ri ghts provides internal monitoring, unimpeded access to our facil ities, visiting two of them. The Prosecution Service has received no specific allegations in the form of a formal complaint about alleged indiscrimi ng combat operations are laid down in Georgian law, according to which military operations are conducted by the Joint Staff of the Armed Forces of Georgia. The Government instructed the Georgian Armed Forces to defend our country in accordance with their means and training, and in accordance with national and intern ational law. We know of no instance that suggests deviation from these instructions. On the practical level, the GAF was guided by the Rules of Engagement for combat operations in a city. Military Police units participated in operations to ensure conformity to the Rules of Enga gement. Moreover, se in Tskhinvali had experience in combat ope rations in urban environments because they participated in stabilizat Tskhinvali is a small regional town, locat ed in a river valley, approximately 75 kilometers from Tbilisi. Immediately prior to the conflict, the population was approximately 7.000, based on local intelligence estimates and on-the-ground reports. Following the mass evacuation on August 3-5, the number of residents that by August 7, most of the civilian Tskhinvali region. When the Georgian St nearly empty city. On August 8, at 1500 the remaining civilian populati on to leave the conflict area. Moreover, our combat operations in Tskhi military purposes. GAF fire was directed exclusively against three types of The GAF fired upon Russian armor and ot her military equipment rolling from the movement of military columns, particul arly during combat, all movement of Dzara Road. This information was confirmed by our forward observers. This judgment applies equally to GAF directed exclusively at Russian armor and other military equipment rolling from 8 The activities. To that end, the Ministry of Defense concluded a memorandum of understanding with IMMAP (Information Management and Mine Action Programs) . This cooperation is already program and information management assi stance. Furthermore, to enhance its information management capability, the Mi International Center for Humanitari an De-mining to receive the IMSMA (Information Management System for Mine use) computer system. Unfortunately, we must also care for vict ims of Russian landmines. Victims now receive care from the Georgian Medical Defense has concluded a memorandum of military personnel in de-mining efforts. s are effective and comprehensive. Ms. Denber, the information above is exte come to light. If you would like, I sha Council to keep HRW abreast of developments. I welcome your interest in human rights look forward to welcoming you here in Georgia. Until then, I remain Alexander Lomaia PRISONER OF WAR One of the former Prisoners of War, Khic a the following: "The Russian soldiers took me into pilot-shot-down-over-georgia-898991.html By Shaun Walker in Tbilisi Shaun Walker Tbilisi after being shot down over Georgia outskirts of Tbilisi are being treated fo r injuries suffered during the Russian invasion, with more than 600 people admitted in the past few days. black-clad guards armed with Kalashnikov not fleeing from the Russian attack, r planes were hit by anti-aircraft fire, the ground. Georgia claims to have to exchange them for captured Georgian soldiers, the Interior Ministry said. The Russian patients said they were be are held in separate rooms, although th eir guards have kept them updated on the Flying Officer Zinov, 50, who suffered more confirmed that he was being treated s arms and a spinal injury, had nothing 12

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