Associate Director Allison Gill, Director, Moscow Office Alexander Petrov, Deputy Director, Moscow Office Julia Hall, Senior Researcher Acacia Shields, Senior Researcher Andrea Berg, Researcher Jane Buchanan


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President Mikheil Saakashvili
Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
ames Ross,
Legal & Policy Director
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
doctors report of the number of bodies brought to the Tskhinvali hospital.
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Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director, Moscow Office
Alexander Petrov,
Deputy Director, Moscow Office
ulia Hall,
Senior Researcher
Acacia Shields,
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Liudmila Belova,
Associate
Inara Gulpe-Laganovska,
Coordinator
Mihra Rittmann
, Associate
Anna Sinelnikova,
Associate
Eugene Sokoloff,
Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
Steering Committee
Marco Stoffel,
Alice H. Henkin,
Vice Chair
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Felice Gaer
Conor Gearty
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Helena Luczywo
ean Paul Marthoz
Michael McFaul
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
Herbert Okun
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
Mark Walton
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Iain Levine,
Program Director
Dinah PoKempner,
General Counsel
ames Ross,
Senior Legal Advisor
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
Wilder Tayler,
Legal and Policy Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
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Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
Maria Lisitsyna,
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Masha Lipman
Helena Luczywo
ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Kenneth Roth,
Executive Director
Michele Alexander,
Development & Outreach Director
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Emma Daly,
Communications Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Global Advocacy Director
Iain Levine,
Program Director
Andrew Mawson,
Deputy Program Director
Suzanne Nossel,
Chief Operating Officer
Dinah PoKempner,
General Counsel
ames Ross,
Legal & Policy Director
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
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Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
Maria Lisitsyna,
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Masha Lipman
Helena Luczywo
ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Kenneth Roth,
Executive Director
Michele Alexander,
Development & Outreach Director
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Emma Daly,
Communications Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Global Advocacy Director
Iain Levine,
Program Director
Andrew Mawson,
Deputy Program Director
Suzanne Nossel,
Chief Operating Officer
Dinah PoKempner,
General Counsel
ames Ross,
Legal & Policy Director
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
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Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
Maria Lisitsyna,
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Masha Lipman
Helena Luczywo
ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Kenneth Roth,
Executive Director
Michele Alexander,
Development & Outreach Director
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Emma Daly,
Communications Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Global Advocacy Director
Iain Levine,
Program Director
Andrew Mawson,
Deputy Program Director
Suzanne Nossel,
Chief Operating Officer
Dinah PoKempner,
General Counsel
ames Ross,
Legal & Policy Director
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
Осет==
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встрет=ться
сотрудн=?ам=
соде>ств=е
вопросы
: +1 212 216 1266,
л=бо
Алл=сон
lентрально>
Mr. David Kezerashvili
Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
Maria Lisitsyna,
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Masha Lipman
Helena Luczywo
ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Kenneth Roth,
Executive Director
Michele Alexander,
Development & Outreach Director
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Emma Daly,
Communications Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Global Advocacy Director
Iain Levine,
Program Director
Andrew Mawson,
Deputy Program Director
Suzanne Nossel,
Chief Operating Officer
Dinah PoKempner,
General Counsel
ames Ross,
Legal & Policy Director
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELES
MOSCOW NEW YORKSAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
Questions regarding casualties:
During our work in the conflict zone we have received information about civilian and
s Watch has not been in a position to
compile exhaustive information on the total number of deaths and injured.
How many Georgian military service personnel were killed during the conflict?
Ministry of Internal Affairs units partici
the command of the joint staff of the armed forces. Have there been
these units missing?
th copies of the custody records of all

or call me at +1 212 216 1266.
Giorgi Gogia, at +995 7742 1235.


Dear Mr. Adeishvili,
Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eronika L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
Maria Lisitsyna,
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Masha Lipman
Helena Luczywo
ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Kenneth Roth,
Executive Director
Michele Alexander,
Development & Outreach Director
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Emma Daly,
Communications Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Global Advocacy Director
Iain Levine,
Program Director
Andrew Mawson,
Deputy Program Director
Suzanne Nossel,
Chief Operating Officer
Dinah PoKempner,
General Counsel
ames Ross,
Legal & Policy Director
oe Saunders,
Deputy Program Director
ane Olson,
Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
Questions regarding casualties:
During our work in the conflict zone we ha
ve documented a number of civilian and
s Watch has not been in a position to
compile exhaustive information on the total number of deaths and injured.

you can contact Human Rights Watchs
November 12, 2008
Minister of Internal Affairs of Georgia
Mr. Ivane Merabishvili
Tbilisi, Georgia, 0114
G. Gulua Str. 10
I am writing to request your assistan
ce in gathering information relating
to the armed conflict with Russia
Europe and Central Asia
Division
Holly Cartner,
Executive Director
Rachel Denber,
Deputy
Director
eroni
a L. Szente Goldston,
Benjamin Ward,
Associate Director
Allison Gill,
Director
Moscow Office
Tanya Lokshina,
Deputy Director
Moscow Office
Andrea Berg,
Researcher
ane Buchanan,
Researcher
Maria Lisitsyna,
udith Sunderland,
Researcher
Wanda Troszczynska van Genderen,
Emma Sinclair-Webb,
Researcher
Igor Vorontsov,
Giorgi Gogia,
Researcher
Tatyana Cooper
, Associate
Sonya Kleshik,
Kathryn Koonce,
Associate
iktoriya Kim
, Associate
Iwona Zielinska
, Associate
DVISORY Committee
Alice H. Henkin
Marco Stoffel
Henri Barkey
Gerhart Baum
Stephen Del Rosso
Phyllida Earle
Felice Gaer
Michael Gellert
eri Laber
Walter Link
Masha Lipman
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ean Paul Marthoz
Sarah E. Mendelson
Karl Meyer
ane Olson
Arjan Overwater
Can Paker
Hannah Pakula
Colette Shulman
Leon Sigal
Malcolm Smith
George Soros
Gerard Stoudmann
Ruti Teitel
Mark von Hagen
Patricia M. Wald
oanna Weschler
Human Rights Watch
Kenneth Roth,
Executive Director
Michele Alexander,
Development & Outreach Director
Carroll Bogert,
Associate Director
Emma Daly,
Communications Director
Barbara Guglielmo,
Finance & Administration Director
Peggy Hicks,
Global Advocacy Director
Iain Levine,
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Andrew Mawson,
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General Counsel
ames Ross,
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oe Saunders,
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Chair, Board of Directors
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
350 Fifth Avenue, 34
Floor
New York, NY 10118-3299
Tel: 212-290-4700
Fax: 212-736-1300
Email: [email protected]
BERLINBRUSSELSCHICAGO GENEVALONDONLOS ANGELESMOSCOW NEW YORKPARIS SAN FRANCISCOTORONTOWASHINGTON
In official statements, the former Chief of
Staff Mr. Gogava indicated that Ministry of
Internal Affairs units participated in the
joint staff of the armed forces.
rticipated in the military operation?
Have there been casualties among the Mi
nistry of Internal Affairs units? Are
any members of these units missing?
Were any members of these units detained? How many and by whom?
or call me at +1 212 216 1266. Alternatively,
you can contact Human Rights Watchs representa
tive in Georgia, Giorgi Gogia, at +995
Rachel Denber
Acting Director
Europe and Central Asia division
December 3, 2008
this Commission. This
Saakashvili who, though he is not
constitutionally required to
do so, spent nearly five
hours with the Commission on November 28.
Moreover, on behalf of the Government of Ge
orgia, I want to tell you that a credible
allegation of malfeasance by any individualin
cluding all Georgian citizens, Georgian
officials and Georgian military personnelwill
be fully investigated. If the investigation
warrants prosecution, charges will be filed and
pursued in Georgian courts. Courts will
then decide the outcomes. Just as we w
ill vigorously prosecute alleged crimes, we will
with equal vigor insist upon due process of law for any accused individual.
As a final introductory note, I would like to in
vite the continued inte
rest of HRW in the
facts surrounding the Russian invasion of Georgi
a. On many of the matters raised in your
Ms. Denber, this letter represents our best effo
rt to answer your questions as quickly as
possible at this time. However, should you
have any further or follow-up questions,
ess a single request to me.
Casualties, wounded and missing
GAF members killed: 169
GAF members wounded: 1.198
GAF members missing in action: 9
Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) member
s killed: 16 (8 during the active phase of
the conflict; 8 after the active phase of th
e conflict, from explosions or shootings
MIA members wounded: 11 (after
the active phase of the conf
lict, from explosions or
shootings while patrolling areas
MIA members missing in action: 6
Special Tasks Main Division
Regional Police units in the regions
adjacent to the conflict areas
Special Operations Department
Constitutional Security Department
All interviewed Georgian military personnel
held prisoner during and after the conflict
confirm that, though members of separatist ille
gal armed formations participated in their
capture, imprisonment and abuse, Russian forces were always present and evidently in
charge. Consequently, we draw no distinct


3


The prosecution Service of Georgia interviewed
13 of the 39 Georgian prisoners of war.
These 13 all said that Russian authorities were
violations of international
humanitarian law in the course of armed conflict that
the Criminal Code of Georgia. Further, on August
11, the Investigative Department ini
violations of international
humanitarian law that are covered by Article 413 of the
Criminal Code of Georgia. (These two cr
iminal were later amalgamated into case
074088079). The case covers crimes committed in the context of the Russian
To date, more than three thousand witn
Russian military personnel held as POWs: 5
Members of separatist illegal armed formations: 27 (Note that these are all
maintain reliable custody records. (For example, 7 names were each given by two

Although conditions vary among facilities,
all cells are equipped with beds,
mattresses, bedding, water a
is served three times daily
In facilities maintained by the Ministry
of Internal Affairs, the Main Unit for
Monitoring and Protection of Human Ri
ghts provides internal monitoring,
unimpeded access to our facil
ities, visiting two of them.
The Prosecution Service has received no specific allegations in the form of a
formal complaint about alleged indiscrimi
ng combat operations are laid down in
Georgian law, according to which military
operations are conducted by the Joint
Staff of the Armed Forces of Georgia.
The Government instructed the Georgian
Armed Forces to defend our country in
accordance with their means and training,
and in accordance with national and intern
ational law. We know of no instance
that suggests deviation from these instructions.
On the practical level, the GAF was
guided by the Rules of Engagement for
combat operations in a city.
Military Police units participated in operations to
ensure conformity to the Rules of Enga
gement. Moreover, se
in Tskhinvali had experience in combat ope
rations in urban environments because
they participated in stabilizat
Tskhinvali is a small regional town, locat
ed in a river valley, approximately 75
kilometers from Tbilisi. Immediately
prior to the conflict, the population was
approximately 7.000, based on local intelligence estimates and on-the-ground
reports. Following the mass evacuation
on August 3-5, the number of residents
that by August 7, most of the civilian
Tskhinvali region. When the Georgian St
nearly empty city. On August 8, at 1500
the remaining civilian populati
on to leave the conflict area.
Moreover, our combat operations in Tskhi
military purposes. GAF fire was directed
exclusively against three types of
The GAF fired upon Russian armor and ot
her military equipment rolling from the
movement of military columns, particul
arly during combat, all movement of
Dzara Road. This information was confirmed by our forward observers.
This judgment applies equally to GAF
directed exclusively at Russian armor and other military equipment rolling from
8
The
activities. To that end, the Ministry
of Defense concluded a memorandum of
understanding with IMMAP (Information Management and Mine Action
Programs) . This cooperation is already
program and information management assi
stance. Furthermore, to enhance its
information management capability, the Mi
International Center for Humanitari
an De-mining to receive the IMSMA
(Information Management System for Mine
use) computer system.
Unfortunately, we must also care for vict
ims of Russian landmines. Victims now
receive care from the Georgian Medical
Defense has concluded a memorandum of
military personnel in de-mining efforts.
s are effective and comprehensive.
Ms. Denber, the information above is exte
come to light. If you would like, I sha
Council to keep HRW abreast of developments.
I welcome your interest in human rights
look forward to welcoming you here in Georgia. Until then, I remain
Alexander Lomaia
PRISONER OF WAR
One of the former Prisoners of War, Khic
a the following: "The Russian soldiers took me into



pilot-shot-down-over-georgia-898991.html
By Shaun Walker in Tbilisi
Shaun Walker
Tbilisi after being shot down over Georgia
outskirts of Tbilisi are being treated fo
r injuries suffered during the Russian
invasion, with more than 600 people admitted in the past few days.
black-clad guards armed with Kalashnikov
not fleeing from the Russian attack,
r planes were hit by anti-aircraft fire,
the ground. Georgia claims to have
to exchange them for captured Georgian
soldiers, the Interior Ministry said.
The Russian patients said they were be
are held in separate rooms, although th
eir guards have kept them updated on the
Flying Officer Zinov, 50, who suffered more
confirmed that he was being treated
s arms and a spinal injury, had nothing
12

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