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ɎИЛОЛОȽИЯ
1(47)
811.112
ɌИПИЗИɊɍȿМЫȿ
МȺɌȿɊИȺЛȿ
ȺНȽЛИЙɋКОȽО
Ɍɚмɟɪьян
TYPIFIED FICTIONA
TECTIVE DISCOURSE)
This study belongs to the area of cultural linguistic
s and linguistic personology, which, in the last dec-
ade, have developed the concept of a lingua-cultural type. Lingua-cultural types emerge on the basis of
real or fictional individuals. In English linguistic consciousness, the lingua-cultural type
ɎИЛОЛОȽИЧȿɋКИȿ
ЛИНȽȼИɋɌИКȺ
поɜɟɞɟния
ɜыɜоɞимой
цɟнноɫɬной
Кɚɪɚɫик
. 56].
коɝниɬиɜной
пɪиɪоɞɟ
ЛКɌ
яɜляɟɬɫя
оɫоɛоɝо
концɟпɬом
ɟɫɬь
оɛɪɚзоɜɚниɟм
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
коɬоɪоɝо
ɜыɞɟляюɬɫя
поняɬийный
цɟнноɫɬный
компонɟнɬы
Кɚɪɚɫик
Ⱦмиɬɪиɟɜɚ
. 6].
ɮоɪмиɪоɜɚния
моɝɭɬ
лɟжɚɬь
оɬноɫящиɟɫя
люɞɟй
кɜɚзиɪɟɚльноɫɬи
люɞи
ɜымышлɟнныɟ
пɪоизɜɟɞɟний
пɪоɬоɬипоɜ
зɚпɚɞном
оɬɟчɟɫɬɜɟнном
языкознɚнии
70-
(E. Rosch, H. Mervis,
Кɚɪɚɫик
ɫоɫɬɚɜляɟɬ
нɚɭчно
мɟɬоɞолоɝичɟɫкɭю
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚния
Нɚличиɟ
оɛɭɫлоɜлɟно
ɪɚɫɯожɞɟниями
ɫоɞɟɪжɚния
Лɚкоɮɮ
ɪɚɫɫмɚɬɪиɜɚя
пɪоɬоɬип
ɚɫпɟк
нɚиɛолɟɟ
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜиɬь
клɚɫɫɚ
пɬицы

пɪизнɚкоɜ
клɚᴄᴄиɮикɚционʜɭю
ᴍичɟɫкɭю
яɬɟльноɫɬь
ɜыполняɟɬ
[Lakoff,
. 178].
пɪояɜляющɭю
ɫɬɟпɟни
ɫɜойɫɬɜɚ
ɞɪɭɝими
ɟɞиницɚми
ɞɚʜʜой
ɝɪɭппы
кɚк
ɟɞиницɭ
ɪɟɚлизɭющɭю
ɫɜойɫɬɜɚ
чиɫɬ
ɜиɞɟ
пɪимɟɫи
иныɯ
[Rosch,
. 74].
ɫɬɚɬьɟ
опиɫыɜɚɟɬɫя
ɝɟнɞɟɪный
ЛКɌ
поɜɟɞɟния
ɞɟɬɟкɬиɜɚ
люɛиɬɟля
amateur
) miss Marple,
ɪɟɚльноɝо

ɛɚɛɭшки
ɫоɛыɬий
пɪоиɫɯоɞило
ɮоɪмиɪоɜɚниɟ
ɝɟнɞɟɪноɝо
поɞɜиɞɚ
ЛКɌ
жɟнщины
конɫɬɟɛли
[Newman,
. 53].
изɜɟɫɬнɟйшиɯ
жɟнɫкой
лиɬɟɪɚɬɭɪы
ɚнɝлийɫкɚя
пиɫɚɬɟльницɚ
Кɪиɫɬи
(18901976).
ɞɟɬɟкɬиɜныɯ
пɪоизɜɟɞɟний
ɝлɚɜными

Эɪкюлɟм
Пɭɚɪо
(1930)
ɞɟɬɟкɬиɜом
люɛиɬɟлɟм
(1921)
позиɬиɜныɟ
оɛщɟɫɬɜɟ
пɪоɮɟɫɫионɚль
ɫимɜолизиɪɭɟɬ
эпоɯи
ɬɚк
кɪиминɚлиɫɬи
чɟɫкɚя
компɟɬɟнɬноɫɬь
Пɭɚɪо
ɭжɟ
ɫлɭжиɬ
ɞолжноɫɬи
ɭпомянɭɬо
оɫноɜой
ɫозɞɚния
ɯɭɞожɟɫɬɜɟнноɝо
поɫлɭжилɚ
ɛɚɛɭшкɚ
Пɪоɬоɬип
ɚнɚлизиɪɭɟмоɝо
ɞожɟɫɬɜɟнноɝо
ɭмɟниɟм
ɛɟзошиɛочно
пɪɟɞɫкɚзыɜɚɬь
КɍɋȺȿȼȺ
ɌȺɌЬЯНȺ

Among them is her description of Jane Marple
and how she partially based the genteel sleuth on
[The Telegraph]
Ⱦжɟйн
Мɚɪпл
ɫɪиɫоɜɚлɚ
зɞɟɫь
пɟɪɟɜоɞ
.6;�.30; and although with no grounds for these
assertions, that was exactly what was going on
&#x-9.;瀀
поɞозɪɟɜɚɬь
ɫлɭчиɬɫя
имɟнно
пɪɟɞɫкɚзыɜɚлɚ
ways expected the worst of anyone and everything


,
ɪɚзɜиɬия
ɜɫɟɯ
Ⱥнɚлиз
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜляɟɬ
ɬипизиɪɭɟмɭю
личноɫɬь
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪизɭɟɬɫя
поɜɟɞɟния
знɚчиɬɟльной
ɫɬɟпɟни
нɚпɪɚɜляющими
ɞля
инɞиɜиɞɭɚльными
чɟɪɬɚми
. 14].
яɜляɟɬɫя
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜиɬɟлɟм
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
ȼикɬоɪиɚнɫкой
Ⱥнɝлии
лɚɞɚɟɬ
ɪяɞом
инɞиɜиɞɭɚльныɯ
ɭкɚзыɜɚющиɯ
ɭɜлɟчɟния
ɬипизиɪɭɟмым
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜиɟ
зɚкончɟнноɝо
ɫɭɬɫɬɜиɟ
ɫɟмьи
зɚняɬиɟ
ɛлɚɝоɬɜоɪиɬɟльно
ɋɞɟлɚнныɟ
нɚми
ɜыɜоɞы
поɞɬɜɟɪ
жɞɟниɟ
кɚк
зɚɪɭɛɟжныɯ
оɬɟчɟɫɬɜɟнныɯ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚнияɯ
Women were rarely given the opportunity to at-
tend university. It was even said that studying was
against their nature and could make them ill
[An-
derson]
ɟɞɜɚ
ɜозможноɫɬь
поɫɬɭпиɬь
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬ
ɋчиɬɚлоɫь
пɪоɬиɜоɪɟчиɬ
пɪиɪоɞɟ
эɬоɝо
они
ɬолько
ɛолɟюɬ
contained a large excess of single and widowed
women over single and widowed men. To contempo-
raries one important offshoot of this situation was a
major spinster problem
ɞɟɜяɬнɚɞцɚɬоɝо
оɞинокиɯ
оɜɞоɜɟɜшиɯ
ɜышɚло
количɟɫɬɜо
оɞинокиɯ
оɜɞоɜɟɜшиɯ
Ⱦля
ɫоɜɪɟмɟнникоɜ
поɞоɛной
ɫиɬɭɚции
пɪоɛлɟмɚ
ɫклɚɞыɜɚлɚɫь
ɫɭɞьɛɚ
мɭжниɯ
зɚнимɚɬьɫя
жизнь
помоɝɚɬь
нɭжɞɚющимɫя
мɭчɟния
ɫɬɪɚжɞɭщиɯ
жиɬь
ɜмɟɫɬɟ
кɚкɭю
пользɭ
Кɪючкоɜɚ, ɫ. 125].
ȼыɞɟлɟнныɟ
ɬипизиɪɭɟмыɟ
пɪизнɚки
полнɭю
коммɭникɚɬиɜном
:

ɛлɚɝоɬɜоɪиɬɟльныɟ
ɪоɞɫɬɜɟнникɚми
ɞɪɭзьями
ɟжɟнɟɞɟльноɟ
поɫɟщɟниɟ
оɫноɜнɚя
ɞɟяɬɟльноɫɬь
ɫɜоɞилɚɫь
зɚняɬию
ɛлɚɝоɬɜоɪиɬɟльноɫɬью
ɞɪɭзɟй
Моɞɟль
ɫɪɟɞнɟɝо
клɚɫɫɚ
ɫооɬɜɟɬɫɬɜии
пɟɪɟчнɟм
эɬичɟɫкиɯ
ɬɪɭɞо
ɭмɟɪɟн
ɜозɞɟɪжɚниɟ
ɫкɪомноɫɬь
ɬɪɟзɜоɫɬь
жизни
ɜышиɜɚли
кɪɟɫɬи
ɜязɚли
кɪɭжɟɜɚ
ɭɜлɟчɟниɟм
ɚнɝличɚнок
изɝоɬоɜлɟниɟ
поɞɪɭчныɯ

ɬкɚни
ɛɭмɚɝи
Коɭɬи
Ƚɪинɛɟɪɝ
. 36].
яɜляяɫь
оɬɪɚжɟниɟм
ɫɬɚɪɚя
miss Marple
ɜɟлɚ
ɚкɬиɜный
имɟлɚ
ɭɜлɟчɟний
ɫɪɟɞи
ɫɚɞоɜоɞɫɬɜо

I really believe that wizened - up old maid thinks
she knows everything there is to know
(The Murder
at the Vicarage) [Agatha Christie]
кɚжɟɬɫя
эɬɚ
ɜыɫоɯшɚя
ɞопоɞлинно
living alone, as I do, in a rather out-of-the-
way part of the world one has to have a hobby.
There is, of course, woolwork, and Guides, and Wel-
age) [Agatha Christie]
ɪɚзɭмɟɟɬɫя
ɟɫɬь
ɜязɚниɟ
оɛɪɚзцоɜыɟ
ɛлɚɝоɬɜоɪиɬɟль
ɪиɫоɜɚɬь
чɟлоɜɟчɟɫкɚя
Пɟɪɟчиɫлɟнныɟ
ɞɟяɬɟльноɫɬи
жɟнщин
ɫɪɟɞнɟɝо
клɚɫɫɚ
Ⱥнɝлии
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜляли
ɬɚк
кɪɭɝ
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
Ⱥнɚлизиɪɭɟмый
линɝɜокɭльɬɭɪный
ɜышɟл
пɪоɮɟɫɫионɚльныɟ
знɚния
ɭмɟния
Инɞиɜи
ɞɭɚльными
ɎИЛОЛОȽИЧȿɋКИȿ
ЛИНȽȼИɋɌИКȺ

ɞɟляющими
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
жиɬɟлɟй
инɬɭиция
знɚниɟ
познɚния
кɪиминɚлиɫɬикɟ
Intuition is like reading a word without have to
spell it out. A child can't do that because it has had
so little experience. But a grown-up person knows
the word because they've
seen it often before. You
catch my meaning, vicar?
(A Murder at the Vicar-
age) [Agatha Christie]

ɛɭкɜɚм
ɭмɟɟɬ

ɫлишком
ɜзɪоɫлый
чɟлоɜɟк
ɭзнɚɟɬ
ɜɫɬɪɟчɚл
ɫкɚзɚɬь
ɜикɚɪий
I am afraid I am not clever myself, but living all
these years in St. Mary Mead does give one an in-
sight into human nature
Miss Marple) [Agatha Christie]

пɪоɜɟɞɟнныɟ
ɋɟнɬ
Мэɪи
Миɞ
ɜозможноɫɬь
зɚɝлянɭɬь
чɟлоɜɟ
Such dangerous stuff, murmured Miss Mar-
ple. One has it to take wasps' nests but I'm always
very, very careful
Christie]
опɚɫноɟ
циɚниɫɬый
ɜɟщɟɫɬɜо
пɪоɛоɪмоɬɚлɚ
миɫɫ
Мɚɪпл
ɜыɬɪɚɜляɬь
оɫиныɟ
ɝнɟзɞɚ


ȼыяɜлɟнныɟ
коɝниɬиɜныɟ
инɬɭиция
личноɫɬи
нɚлиɫɬичɟɫкиɯ
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪизɭющиɟ
ɞиɜиɞɭɚльныɟ
позиции
компɟɬɟнции
ɞɟɬɟкɬиɜɚ
полɭчɟнныɟ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
инɞиɜиɞɭɚльныɯ
иɫɫлɟɞɭɟмый
ɞɟяɬɟльноɫɬи
ɚнɚлизиɪɭɟмыɯ
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ
пɪоɮɟɫɫионɚльной
ɞɟяɬɟльноɫɬи
ɜнɟшноɫɬи
ɜнɭɬɪɟннɟɝо
конɫɬɚɬиɪɭɟм
компɟɬɟнɬноɫɬи
ɞɟɬɟкɬиɜɚ
люɛиɬɟля
ɭɬɜɟɪжɞɟнию
ɫоɫɟɞɚ


окɚзыɜɚɟɬɫя
ɯоɪошо
ɜɫɟɯ
ɞɟɪɟɜнɟ
It is so seldom that Miss Marple is worse in-
formed than we are that I had taken it for granted
that she would know the latest developments
Murder at the Vicarage) [Agatha Christie]
миɫɫ
Мɚɪпл
ɜɟɞомлɟнɚ

нɚɛлюɞɚɬɟля
Окɪɭжɚющиɟ
Мɚɪпл
поɞчɟɪкиɜɚюɬ
кɪɭɝ
нɟзɚмɟчɟнной
Mentally registering the fact that in the art of
seeing without being seen, Miss Marple had no rival
Christie]
зɚмɟɬиɜ
ɜɫɟ
ɜиɞɟɬь
оɫɬɚɜɚяɫь
нɟзɚмɟчɟнной
миɫɫ
Мɚɪпл
ɪɚɜныɯ
Now, since you seem very good at observing
� (A Murder at the Vicarage) [Agatha Christie]
оɬличɚɟɬɟɫь
оɬмɟнной
� .
ɜыɞɚɟɬ
ɛɟɫпочɜɟннɚя
said Miss Marple. But I always find it
prudent to suspect everybody just a little
(A Murder
at the Vicarage) [Agatha Christie]
ɫкɚзɚлɚ
Мɚɪпл
ɜɫɟɝɞɚ
поɞозɪɟɜɚɬь
чɭɬь
ɜнɟшноɫɬь
помоɝɚɟɬ
ɜнɟɞɪяɬьɫя
опɟɪɚɬиɜнɭю
So charming, so innocent, such a fluffy and pink
and white old lady was Miss Marple that she gained
admittance to what was now practically a fortress
очɚɪоɜɚɬɟльнɚя

Мɚɪпл
пɪɚкɬичɟɫки
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜляло
&#x-60;.
ɬипичныɟ
ɞля
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜиɬɟльницы
яɜляюɬɫя
ɞля
пɪоɜɟɞɟния
ɪɚɫɫлɟɞоɜɚния
Miss Marple always sees everything. Gardening
is as good as a smoke screen, and the habit of ob-
serving birds through powerful glasses can always
be turned to account
Miss Marple) [Agatha Christie]
Миɫɫ
Мɚɪпл
яɜляɟɬɫя
зɚɜɟɫой
пɪиɜычкɚ
ɛинокль
окɚзыɜɚɟɬɫя
ɪɚɫɫкɚзоɜ
ɜыяɜлɟно
80
ниɯ
яɞɟɪнɭю
(44 55%)
ɬипизиɪоɜɚнныɟ
чɟɪɬы
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜиɟ
ɫɟмьи
(10),
ɛлɚɝоɬɜоɪиɬɟльноɫɬью
(14),
ɭɜлɟчɟниɟ
Инɞиɜиɞɭɚльныɟ
чɟɪɬы
32 (40%)
ɮɪɚɝмɟнɬɚми
ɪɚзɜи
(13),
КɍɋȺȿȼȺ
ɌȺɌЬЯНȺ

знɚния
оɛлɚɫɬи
кɪиминɚлиɫɬики
(8).
Пɪоɬоɬипичɟɫкиɟ
чɟɪɬы
(2))
пɪиɫɭɬɫɬɜɭюɬ
4
Ⱥнɚлиз
позɜоляɟɬ
зɚключиɬь
поɞɜиɞ
Коɭɬи
Ƚɪинɛɟɪɝ
ɜикɬоɪиɚнɫкой
Ⱥнɝлии
иɞɟɚлɚ
поɪокɚ
Ⱥлɝоɪиɬм
, 2014.
320
Кɪючкоɜɚ
ɜикɬоɪиɚн
Ⱥнɝлии
//
Пɪоɛлɟмы
поɜɫɟɞнɟɜноɫɬи
иɫɬоɪии
оɛɪɚз
мɟɬоɞолоɝия
ɪополь
, 2001.
. 123130.
.,
Ɍɚмɟɪьян
Линɝɜокɭльɬɭɪный
stories-of-miss-marple.html (
оɛɪɚщɟния
20.11.2016).
Agatha Christie
libra.ru/read/356720-a-pocket-full-of-rye.html (
ɪɚщɟния
: 20.11.2016).
Agatha Christie
. A murder at the vicarage. URL:
http://mreadz.com/read-64254/p15 (
оɛɪɚщɟния
20.11.2016).
Anderson M.
The Social Position of Spinsters in
Mid-Victorian Britain. URL:
http://www.jfh.sagepub.com/content/9/4/377.abstract
оɛɪɚщɟния
: 20.09.2015).
Lakoff G.
A study in meaning criteria and the logic of
fuzzy concepts.
Newman G.
overian age
17141837
an encyclopedia
London, 1997,
835p.
Rosch E.
Prototype classificati
on and logical classifi-
cation: The two systems. In: Scholnick E. (ed) New
Trends in Cognitive Representation: Challenges to Pia-
gets Theory. Hillsdale N.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,
1983, pp. 7386.
The Telegraph.
Agatha Christie used her grandmother
as a model for Miss Marple, new tapes reveal.
URL:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2957794/Agatha-
Christie-used-her-grandmother-as-a-model-for-Miss-
Marple-new-tapes-reveal.html (
оɛɪɚщɟния
20.09.2015).
References
Anderson, M. (2015).
The Social Position of Spin-
sters in Mid-Victorian Britain
. URL:
http://www.jfh.sagepub.com/c
ontent/9/4/377.abstract (ac-
cessed: 20.09.2015). (In English)
Christie, Agatha.
Complete Short Stories of Miss
Marple.
short-stories-of-miss-marple
.html (accessed: 20.11.2016).
(In English)
Christie, Agatha.
libra.ru/read/356720-a-pocket
-full-of-rye.html (accessed:
20.11.2016). (In English)
Christie, Agatha.
A Murder at the Vicarage
http://mreadz.com/read
-64254/p15 (accessed:
20.11.2016). (In English)
Karasik, V. I. (2002).
Iazykovoi krug: lichnost', kont-
septy, diskurs
[Linguistic Circle: Personality, Concepts,
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