Information about the authors: Eskendirov M. G. – doctor of historical Sciences, Professor, university of Semey, rectorsemgu.kz Seilgazina S. M. – doctor of agricultural Sciences, Professor


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Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн

ȿɫполоɜ
пɪоɮɟɫɫоɪ
ԜҒȺ
ɚкɚɞɟмиɝі
пɪɟзиɞɟнɬі

Ȼɚйзɚкоɜ
пɪоɮ
ԜҒȺ
ɚкɚɞɟмиɝі
ɪɟɞɚкɬоɪɞың
Ɍиɪɟɭоɜ
пɪоɮ
.,
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оɪынɛɚɫɚɪы
);
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пɪоɮ
.,
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.,
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ɚкɚɞɟмиɝі
пɪоɮ
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Оɫпɚноɜ
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пɪоɮ
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ԜҒȺ
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.,
пɪоɮ
ȺШҒȺ
ɚкɚɞɟмиɝі
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.,
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пɪоɮ
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.;
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пɪоɮ
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.,
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.,
.,
пɪоɮ

ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ȿɫполоɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
эконом
пɪоɮ
.,
пɪɟзиɞɟнɬ
НȺН

Ȼɚйзɚкоɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
эконом
пɪоɮ
ɚкɚɞɟмик
зɚмɟɫɬиɬɟль
ɝлɚɜноɝо
ɪɟɞɚкɬоɪɚ
Ɍиɪɟɭоɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
эконом
пɪоɮ
ɚкɚɞɟмик
НȺН
зɚмɟɫɬиɬɟль
ɝлɚɜноɝо
ɪɟɞɚкɬоɪɚ
);
ɞокɬоɪ
ɬɟɯн
пɪоɮ
.,
НȺН
ɞокɬоɪ
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.,
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пɪоɮ
.,
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пɪоɮ
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НȺН
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пɪоɮ
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НȺН
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ɞокɬоɪ
ɬɟɯн
пɪоɮ
.,
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нɚɭк
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пɪоɮ
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НȺН
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ɞокɬоɪ
коɪɪ
НȺН
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нɚɭк
НȺН
ɍмɛɟɬɚɟɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
.,
ɚкɚɞɟмик
Оɫпɚноɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
НȺН
ɫɟльɯоз
нɚɭк
пɪоɮ
члɟн
ɞокɬоɪ
ɫɟльɯоз
пɪоɮ
НȺН
Молɞɚшɟɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
Почɟɬный
НȺН
ɋɚɝиɬоɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
ɛиол
НȺН
ɋɚпɚɪоɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
.,
ɚкɚɞɟмик
ȺɋɏН
Ȼɚлɝɚɛɚɟɜ
ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
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ɞокɬоɪ
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пɪоɮ
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ɞокɬоɪ
пɪоɮ
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ȺɋɏН
ɋɚɪɫɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
ɞокɬоɪ
ɜɟɬɟɪинɚɪ
пɪоɮ
http://nauka-nanrk.kz/agricultural.kz
Нɚционɚльнɚя
ɚкɚɞɟмия
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
, 2018
Ⱥɞɪɟɫ
ɬипоɝɪɚɮии
Ⱥɪɭнɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Мɭɪɚɬɛɚɟɜɚ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
C h i e f E d i t o r
Espolov T.I.,
Dr. economy. Sciences, prof.,
Vice President and academician of the NAS RK
E d i t o r i a l B o a r d:
Baizakov S.B.,
Dr. of economy sciences, prof., academician of NAS RK (deputy editor);
Tireuov K.M.,
Doctor of
Economy Sciences., prof., academician of NAS RK (deputy editor);
Eleshev R.E.,
Dr. Of agricultural sciences,
prof., academician of NAS RK;
Rau A.G.,
Dr. sciences, prof., academician of NAS RK;
Ivanov N.P.,
Dr. of
News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Series of Agrarian Sciences.
ISSN 2224-526X
Owner: RPA "National Academy of Sciences
of the Republic of Kazakhstan" (Almaty)
The certificate of registration of a periodic printed publication in the Committee of Information and Archives of the
Ministry of Culture and Information of the Republic of Kazakhstan N 10895-
, issued 30.04.2010
Periodicity: 6 times a year
Circulation: 300 copies
Editorial address: 28, Shevchenko str., of.219-220, Almaty, 050010, tel. 272-13-19, 272-13-18,
http://nauka-nanrk.kz / agricultural.kz
National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2018
Address of printing house: ST "Aruna", 75, Muratbayev str, Almaty
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 5 8
UDC 616.1/9:636.2(574. 51)
. Jangabulova
, A. Z. Maulanov
, A. A. Zhumageldiev
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
OGICAL MANIFESTATION
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Table
N Inventory number Ca Protein Gluc
1 25400 11,75 6,41 11,0 45,70 25
2 26740 11,75 7,0 11,0 23,30 27
3 13425 11,75 7,0 11,0 23,30 42
4 23543 12,50 6,41 11,0 36,74 35
5 23096 12,50 6,41 11,0 36,74 31
6 12677 11,75 7,0 11,0 14,34 67
7 03457 11,75 7,0 11,0 14,34 35
8 03656 11,75 7,0 11,0 25,09 42
9 1243 10,50 5,83 11,0 18,82 63
10 6574 12,50 6,41 11,0 36,74 35
11 6547 11,75 6,41 11,0 36,74 35
12 5463 11,75 6,41 11,0 45,70 42
13 3245 11,75 7,0 11,0 23,30 27
14 54632 11,75 7,0 11,0 23,30 27
15 7564 12,50 6,41 11,0 36,74 36
16 3245 12,50 6,41 11,0 36,74 36
17 03656 11,75 7,0 11,0 14,34 67
18 1243 11,75 7,0 11,0 14,34 67
19 6574 11,75 7,0 11,0 25,09 27
20 6547 10,50 5,83 11,0 18,82 90
22 5463 12,50 6,41 11,0 36,74 31
23 3245 11,75 6,41 11,0 36,74 31
Norm 48 mg% 45 g% 40-60 mg% 46-66
1-6 mg%
frightened look, frequent self-licking, ruminative ch
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ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Figure 1
Fat deposits under the epicardium
Figure 2
Fatty degeneration of the liver
Figure 3
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 9 21
UDC 556:663.18:366.66(574)
A. O. Olzhabayeva
, Zh. N. Baimanov
, G. T. Aldambergenova
, A. A. Sharmenova
Kazakh National Agrarian Univ
ersity, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
Kazakh scientific research institute of rice
growing named after I. Zhakhaev, Kazakhstan,
The Korkyt Ata Kyzylorda St
ate University, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected] [email protected] gulnur-
[email protected] [email protected] [email protected]
IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF
Abstract.
Gradual reduction of water resources indicates a threat
of severe water shortage at the turn of 2020-
2030, which, of course, generally affects national security
issues. As you know, Kazakhst
an is located in the lower
reaches of large transboundary rivers.
Therefore, the availability of water la
rgely depends on the state policy of
neighboring states, on the development of their economies and population growth. Consequently, the issues of
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Table 1 Technical c
ondition of irrigation canals and collectors
in the Kyzylorda branch of RSE "Kazvodkhoz"
(Kazakh water industry)
Names of channels
Total length
by shape
satisfactory
unsatisfactory
km %
Trunk channels Kelintubinskiy 88,5 67,26 21,24 24
Novoshielsky 181,2 138,71 43,49 24
Kyzylorda right bank 50,2 38,15 12,05 24
Kyzylorda left bank 406,75 309,13 97,62 24
Kazalinsky right bank 38,95 29,6 9,35 24
Kazalinsky left bank 99,17 75,37 23,8 24
Total 864,77 657,22 207,55 24
Inter-farm channels:
Sumagar
31,7
22,19
9,51
Taipakkol 6 4,2 1,8 30
Kandyaral 26,8 18,76 8,04 30
Kurkureouik 20,5 14,35 6,15 30
Sunak ata 68,65 48,06 20,59 30
Novosolotobe 32 22,4 9,6 30
Botabye 67,9 47,53 20,37 30
Koksu 30 21 9 30
Zhanadariya 957,8 670,46 287,34 30
Zhanaryk 28,9 20,23 8,67 30
itek 78,4 54,88 23,52 30
Basykara 32,7 22,89 9,81 30
Sauranbay 6 4,2 1,8 30
Total
1453,45 1017,42 436,03 30
Total through the channels
2318,22 1674,64 643,58
Collectors
Zhanakorgan district:
-1 52,5 31,5 21 40
-2 88,3 52,98 35,32 40
Shieli district::
-1 32,1 19,26 12,84 40
-3 53,2 31,92 21,28 40
-4 30 12 18 40
-9 31,8 19,08 12,72 40
Nansai 6,5 3,9 2,6 40
Shieli-Talikol 103 61,8 41,2 40
Kyzylorda city: Koksu 50,2 30,12 20,08 40
Syrdarya region: SC-12 28,2 16,92 11,28 40
SC 57,4 34,44 22,96 40
NC 51,4 30,84 20,56 40
Zhalagashsky district: SC -16 27,1 16,26 10,84 40
NC -15 5,7 3,42 2,28 40
SC 92,1 55,26 36,84 40
NC 67,7 40,62 27,08 40
EKC Karmakshi 42,1 25,26 16,84 40
WKC 38,1 22,86 15,24 40
Kashkansu 15,7 9,42 6,28 40
SC-1 38,3 22,98 15,32 40
azaly 38,5 23,1 15,4 40
C-2-1 34,1 20,46 13,64 40
C-2-2 11,9 7,14 4,76 40
Total 995,900 591,54 404,36 40
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1. 2018
Table 2 Channels and facilities on state irrigation systems
No Name
of state irrigation
systems
Year of
commis-
Head water intake Trunk cha
nnels Facilities on trunk and
inter-farm canals
type of water intakes
with indication
availability
total
length, km
and cladding
total of them
equipped with
water-measuring
Branch Zhanarkorgan water sector
1 Kelintobe 1969 without dam 102 88,5 8 8
2 Sumagar 1975 without dam 15 31,7 1 1
3 Sunakata 1950 without dam 40 26,15 4 4
4 Taipakkol 1953 without dam 15 6,0 3 3
5 Kurkureuk 1962 without dam 12 20,5 3 3
Total 184 172,85 19 19
Branch Shieli water sector
1 Novoshielsky 1941 without dam 120 20,4 0,18 28
2 Kamystykak 1986 without dam 10 42,5 0,11 6
3 Novosolotube 1972 without dam 14 32 0,04 2
oksu 1958 without dam 18 30 0,02
Total 162 124,9 0,35 36
1 MMC 1951 without dam 25 15,4 5 5
2 Zhana-Aryk 1983 without dam 15 18,9 2 2
3 Sauranbai 1976 without dam 6 1 1
Total 46 34,3 8 8
Branch Syr Darya water sector
1 Aitek 1963 dam 60 28 0,1 1 1
left-bank main canal
1975 dam 15 8 8
left-bank main canal
1963 dam 10 5 5
5 Zhana -
ryk 1984 Without dam 11,5 10 1 1
Total 111,5 71,6 0,1 27 27
Branch Zhalagash water sector
1 Left branch 1961 dam 44 12 12
left-bank main canal
-main canal -17
1963 dam 9,2
left-bank main canal
1983 dam 10
itek 1961 dam 16 22,7 8 8
5 Shonyk 1970 dam 10 3 3
89,2 22,7 23 23
Branch Karmakshy water sector
uraily 1960 dam 37,5 6 6
auryzbay 1960 Dam 14,9 2 2
3 Balazharma 1960 Dam 60 2 2
4 Right branch 1960 dam 8 6 6
Total 120,4 16 16
Branch Kazaly water sector
1 MMC 1946 dam 70 19,5 7 7
2 Baskara 1946 dam 10 32,7 5 5
3 left-bank main cana
l 1957 dam 100 64,17 10 10
Total 180 116,37 22 22
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
The main source of irrigation of crops, cultivated crops
in the Kyzylorda region is the Syrdarya river.
A complex situation has developed in the water basin of
the Syrdarya river. The aggravation of the water
management situation in this region in recent year
s has further exacerbated the problem of providing the
population, industry and agriculture with clean water.
Pollution of the Syrdarya river with collector-
drainage and sewage water complicated the ecological
situation in the region, worsening the sanitary
conditions of life and health of people.
The water consumption of the sectors of the economy of Kazakhstan averages 32.5 km
per year,
including 27.5 or 85% of surface s
ources and the remaining volume, 5 km
of underground, as well as
sewage. If to speak in the context of industries,
then the largest consumer of water resources is
agriculture, -75 percent of the water used.
At the same time, more than half of this volume (tab
le 3) is used in the Aral-Syrdarya basin - 53 per-
cent. Further in Balkhash-Alakol, - 20 percent, and
in the Shu-Talas basin - 16 percent, that is, where
irrigated agriculture is traditionally developed. Th
e volume of water use by the municipal and domestic
Table 3 Main indicators of th
e use of water in the Syr Darya River in Kyzylorda region
(according to the data of RSE "Kazvodkhoz", Kyzylorda city) testing of agricultural crops
Years
Water
the region
total
Water
surface water
Water
Limit
Including Expended
agri-
cultural
needs
ecologist
and other
needs
regular irrigation
plots thousand
hectares
accumulation
of lake
systems
and other
total
losses
received
to the
Aral sea
1 2001 11855 3855 4580 3700 880 148 1880 2518 3563
2 2002 19495 5125 4280 3200 1080 147,5 2630 3060 8641
3 2003 20402 5974 4280 3200 1080 159,8 1755 2931 9764
4 2004 20874 5182 5098 4138 960 152,6 1686 2854 10106
5 2005 22194 7497 4858 3878 980 152,6 2443 2320 9888
6 2006 16020 5286 5309 4398 911 153,8 2560 1371 6759
7 2007 17394 5426 4632 3652 980 153,3 3344 1958 6619
8 2008 11128 4259 4200 3300 900 144,4 2618 512 3690
9 2009 15167 5085 4853 3620 1233 153,1 4396 1527 4108
10 2010 25944 5541 5804 4127 1677 147,2 7818 3338 9198
11 2011 10982 5036 5931 4054 1877 150,5 1260 4636
12 2012 16604 4939 5239 3919 1320 159,5 4644 2392 4588
13 2013 13685 4786 5509 4189 1320 157,5 2487 2265 4106
14 2014 16656 5157 5572 4252 1320 160,1 3707 2597 5134
15 2015 14353 5578 4255 1320 160,1
16 2016 14685 4653 5429,9 4159,9 1270 169,27 3030 2103 5149
Gradual reduction of water resources indicates a thre
at of severe water shortage at the turn of 2020-
2030, which in the end, as a whole, affect
s national security issues of the country.
As you know, Kazakhstan is located in the lower
reaches of large transboundary rivers. Therefore,
the availability of water largely depends on the
state water policy of neighboring states, on the
development of economies and populati
on growth. For the rational use a
nd protection of water resources,
adopt the National Plan for Integr
And on its basis: to carry out full rehabilitation a
nd improvement of the existing water infrastructure,
introduce new water-saving technologies, automated c
ontrol systems for production processes in the water
sector.
Water consumers do not appreciate the water they r
eceive, as in the developed countries the average
water consumption on irrigated land does not exceed 5-
7 thousand cubic meters per 1 hectare per season,
ISSN 2224-526

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1. 2018
while our producer uses water for rice cultivation
of basic crops from 13 to 17 thousand, and when
growing rice it reaches 26 thousand cubic meters per hectare [2].
Kazakhstan adopted a method for growing rice, base
d on the continuous flooding of its crops with a
layer of water. With such irrigation technology,
irrigation water consumption for rice cultivation far
exceeds the biological requirement of plants in moisture,
a significant part of which is lost to filtration and
groundwater recharge.
For the development of the rice subcomplex in the
agroindustrial complex of Kazakhstan, the task is
to improve the technology of rice cultivation, as well
as the interaction of agrotechnical and meliorative
measures that ensure the implementation of the co
ncept of combining the principles of greening and
biologization of the rice production system.
Under the regime of rice irrigation, it is cust
omary to understand the amount
of water supplied over
the periods and phases of plant development in order to obtain a high grain yield. As already noted, rice is
cultivated throughout the growing season with full or
periodic flooding of checks with water, but the
transpiration coefficient is low: 400-500 units of wate
r are used to form units of dry matter. The greater
need for rice in water grown with full flooding of checks, due to low waterlogging of plant tissues. If
wheat and barley have one to four parts of water
per unit of dry matter, and rice has only two or three
parts. The main feature of rice plants is the adapta
bility of the stem to rapid growth, since prolonged
flooding and the presence of leaves under water can oppr
ess a green plant, despite
the fact that in the
aerial organs it contains 80-90, a
nd in the roots 95-97% water [3] .
Violation of the irrigation regime causes dehydrati
on of tissues in rice plants, the assimilation activity
complian
of the soi
.

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cal analysis
were instal
e wells-pie
and in rice
rvations w
owth and d
ements pe
(B.A Dosp
tal water co
n the mod
l moisture
ations were
testing of
farmers w
e soil surfac
al site of t
13, 2017
g checks p
e milk ripe
aid, sample
ed, as well
re carried
evelopment
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khov, GF
xperiments
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en it is for
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e Kazakh
n a check
oduced on
ess. When
of the soil
s Zaitsev's
cording to
within the
out on the
of the root


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Figure 1 Simple perforated pipe
Table 4 Results of joint soil chemical analyzes
, Kazakh Rice Research Institute of rice growing
from 25.04.2017. plot of Karaultobe
mV
% / mg. eq per in 100 g of soil
% / mg.eq
in 100g of soil
of salts,
Type
salinity
HCO
Cl SO
Ca Mg Na % %
1 0-20 8,38 -68 0,860 0,000 0,070 0,053
0,480 0,1 0,048 0,084 0,835 Sulphate

0,000 1,150 1,5 10 5 4 3,650
saline
2 20-40 8,69 -86 0,340 0,000 0,046 0,
053 0,144 0,025 0,039 0,017 0,324

0,000 0,750 1,5 3 1,25 3,25 0,750
Slightly
saline
3 40-60 8,64 -83 0,200 0,000 0,024 0,036
0,072 0,03 0,009 0,015 0,186 Not saline

0,000 0,400 1 1,5 1,5 0,75 0,650
4 60-80 8,67 -85 0,200 0,000 0,031 0,028
0,082 0,03 0,012 0,012 0,183 Not saline

0,000 0,500 0,8 1,7 1,5 1 0,500
5 80-100 8,69 -86 0,220 0,000 0,037 0,021
0,091 0,025 0,015 0,014 0,203 Not saline

0,000 0,600 0,6 1,9 1,25 1,25 0,600

Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Table 5 Mineralization of the water of th
e experimental site Karaultobe (2017 year)
Name Month
l SO4 C
Sum of salts
May 0,390 0,095 0,339 0,140 0,084 0,080 0,994
June 0,390 0,145 1,436
0,280 0,159 0,307 1,884
July 0,390 0,120 1,239
0,210 0,126 0,339 2,229
August 0,315 0,105 1,058 0,200 0,144 0,192 1,856
Rice Checks
May 0,150 0,090 0,454 0,090 0,036 0,161 0,906
June 0,120 0,095 1,167
0,110 0,099 0,353 2,521
July 0,120 0,100 0,748
0,090 0,162 0,059 1,219
August 0,330 0,130 1,216 0,220 0,192 0,175 2,099
May 0,270 0,085 0,461 0,130 0,060 0,115 0,986
June 0,540 0,235 3,234
0,460 0,300 0,810 5,308
July 0,420 0,130 2,032
0,090 0,132 0,863 3,457
August 0,450 0,140 2,210 0,250 0,252 0,556 3,633
To measure the flow of water over the weir of Iva
(1)
where (m=0,42) or when measuring H in m,
(2)
where Q is the flow, l/s; b width of the threshold,
head over the overflow threshold,
m.
3,0 5,0 16,5 64,0 94,0
3,5 6,0 17,0 61,0 98,0
4,0 7,0 17,5 70,0 103,0
4,5 9,0 18,0 73,0 108,0
5,0 10,0 16,0 18,5 76,0 114,0
5,5 12,0 18,0 19,0 79,0 120,0
6,0 14,0 21,0 19,5 82,0 124,0
6,5 16,0 23,0 20,0 128,0
7,0 18,0 26,0 20,5 132,0
7,5 20,0 30,0 21,0 136,0
8,0 22,0 33,0 21,5 140,0
8,5 24,0 36,0 22,0 145,0
9,0 26,0 39,0 22,5 150,0
9,5 28,0 42,0 23,0 154,0
10,0 30,0 46,0 23,5 160,0
10,5 32,0 49,0 24,0 166,0
11,0 35,0 52,0 24,5 170,0
11,5 37,0 55,0 25,0 175,0
12,0 40,0 59,0 25,5 180,0
12,5 42,0 63,0 26,0 186,0
13,0 44,0 66,0 26,5 191,0
13,5 47,0 70,0 27,0 197,0
14,0 50,0 74,0 27,5 202,0
14,5 52,0 78,0 28,0 208,0
15,0 55,0 82,0 28,5 214,0
15,5 58,0 86,0 29,0 220,0
16,0 61,0 90,0 29,5 225,0
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Figure 2 Components of the irrigation norm of rice
The research of the actual costs of irrigation water
, (3)
irrigation norm of rice, m
- atmospheric precipitation, mm;
saturation of soil
zones, m
total water consumptionm
/hectare;
vertical filtration, m
lateral filtration
or outflow, m
surface discharge, m
The creation of a flooding layer is taken into acc
ount by the total evaporation, filtration and
), (4)
thickness of the soil layer from the surface to the mean water table before irrigating, m;
average porosity of the soil layer H,%;
moisture of the
layer,
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
= 100 nh, (5)
where n is the number of fault per irrigation period;
h is the average depth of the fault layer, cm.
This allowed in each case to calcula
te the discrepancy, which is an indicator of the correspondence of
max min
Average daily air temperature
precipitation, mm
mid-
monthly
long-term
+, - to
medium-long-term
+, - to medium-
long-term
March +26,8 -3,6 10,2 2,5 +7,2 21,8 16 +5,8
April +31,0 +1,2 15,5 13,2 +2,5 40,8 16 +24,8
May +36,6 +9,8 22,12 20,1 +1,87 24,0 15 +9
June +40,2 +15,0 27,11 26,4 +1,0 12,8 11 +1,8
July +42,2 +18,2 28,7 27,5 +1,2 1,2 5 -3,8
August +41,3 +14,4 27,6 24,2 +2,2 10 2 +8
Summary data on the water balance of rice fields
Water supply 20100 99,45
Precipitation 111 0,55
Total 20211 100
Soil saturation 3550 18,27
Evapotranspiration 7800 40,14
Filtration flow and outflow to the drainage 6580 33,86
Total 19430 100
Disparity 781 4,01
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z
Date of water withdrawal
5.05.2017
2,2
0,668
16.06.2017
2,3
1,316
10.07.2017
2,5
1,205
15.08.2017
2,4
1,333
9.09.2017
2,8
1,417
The account of biological productivity was carried out
in the phase of full ripeness of grain by the
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Height of plants,
m 98 100 102 95 98 102 99 101 103
99,78
Number of plants in a sheaf, pieces 92 98 92 95 90 92 93,0 95 90 93
Number of productive stems, pieces 140 150 150 150 148 150 145 155 150
Length of main panicle,
m 18 19 20 18 19 18 19 18 19
Grain weight on main panicle, g 3,
5 3,6 3,6 3,6 3,8 3,6 3,5 3,2 3,5 3,6
Total weight, g 10,2 11,2 12,
0 11,0 10,8 10,9 11,2 11,0 11,5
11,08
Number of grains on one panicl
e, pieces 85 80 90 95 98 90 92 95 96
91,22
Weight of 1000 grains, g 32,0 32,5
32,1032,5 32,1032,5 32,62 32,5 32,5
32,36
Productivity, c/ha 49,0 54,0 49,
0 49,0 49,4049,0 50,0 50,0 50,0
50,70
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
The irrigation norm of rice under constant flooding w
ith the change of water in rice pouches (1500
during the emergence of rice) is 24,350 m
, and with the water-saving irrigation of the shift - 19
/ha. At the same time, the irrigation norm was re
duced by 20% compared to constant flooding. The
calculation of rice productivity in the saline lands of rice systems is shown in table 11).
Table 11 Rice productivity on saline lands of
rice systems of Kyzylorda irrigation massif
Number
of plants,
pieces/m
Average length
cm
Average weight
of grain from
panicle, g
grains, g
Water
Constant flooding
93 1,5 17 3,4 31,0 47,5 24300 511
Water-saving irrigation
93 1,6 18 3,4 32,36 50,70 20150 409
According to experts, the reserves of fresh water
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Олжɚɛɚɟɜɚ
Ȼɚймɚноɜ
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Ⱥлɞɚмɛɟɪɝɟноɜɚ
Шɚɪмɟноɜɚ
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Жɚɯɚɟɜ
ɚɬынɞɚғы
кԛɪіш
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
Қоɪқыɬ
ɚɬынɞɚғы
Қызылоɪɞɚ
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
ҚОɊЛȺɊЫН
ПȺЙȾȺЛȺНɍ
қɚɭіпɫізɞіɝін
мɚқɫɚɬынɞɚ
2020-2030
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ɛіɪɬɟ
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өзɟнɞɟɪɞің
ɋɭмɟн
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экономикɚның
көɪшілɟɫ
мɟм
ɫɚяɫɚɬ
жԛɪɝɭзɭімɟн
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
ɋонɞықɬɚн
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ɬɚпшылығынɚ
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ɬԛɪлɟɪін
өɫімɞікɬɟɪɝɟ
жԝмɫɚлɚɬын
ɬиімɞі
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өзɟкɬі
ɬɚɛɭ
жолы
жолы
ɬікɟлɟй
эколоɝиялық
қɚмɬɚмɚɫызɞығын
ɫɚнɚлɚɞы
Ɍԛйін
ɫɭɚɪɭ
ɪɟжимі
ɫініɪɭі
мɚɭɫымɞық
Олжɚɛɚɟɜɚ
Ȼɚймɚноɜ
Ⱦɚлɞɚɛɚɟɜɚ
Ⱥлɞɚмɛɟɪɝɟноɜɚ
Шɚɪмɟноɜɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
ɪиɫоɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
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Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Кызылоɪɞинɫкий
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнный
Коɪкыɬ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ПОȼЫШȿНИȿ
ЭɎɎȿКɌИȼНОɋɌИ
ИɋПОЛЬЗОȼȺНИЯ
ȼОȾНЫɏ
ɊȿɋɍɊɋОȼ
ɊИɋОȼЫɏ
ɋИɋɌȿМȺɏ
Поɫɬɟпɟнноɟ
ɫокɪɚщɟниɟ
ɜоɞныɯ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɫɜиɞɟɬɟльɫɬɜɭɟɬ
жɟɫɬкоɝо
ɪɭɛɟжɟ
2020-2030
ɝоɞоɜ
чɬо
конɟчно
цɟлом
зɚɬɪɚɝиɜɚɟɬ
ɜопɪоɫы
нɚционɚльной
ɛɟзопɚɫноɫɬи
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɪɚɫположɟн
кɪɭпныɯ
ɬɪɚнɫɝɪɚничныɯ
Поэɬомɭ
оɛɟɫпɟчɟнноɫɬь
ɜоɞой
мноɝом
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полиɬики
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экономик
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нɚɪоɞонɚɫɟлɟния
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ɜоɞныɯ
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пɟɪɜоочɟɪɟɞныɯ
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ɫпоɫоɛоɜ
ɪɚционɚльноɝо
иɫпользоɜɚния
полиɜной
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поɞɛоɪɚ
кɭльɬɭɪ
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ɭɫɬойчиɜыɯ
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эɬиɯ
пɪоɞоɜольɫɬɜɟнной
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минɟɪɚлизɚция
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Онɞɚɫиноɜнɚ

ɞокɬоɪɚнɬкɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, [email protected]
Жɚнɭзɚк
Нɭɪɞилɞɚɟɜич

ɪɭкоɜоɞиɬɟль
ɪиɫоɜоɞɫɬɜɚ

Жɚɯɚɟɜɚ
, [email protected]
Ɍоɪɟɯɚноɜнɚ

пɪɟпоɞɚɜɚɬɟль
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
Кызылоɪɞинɫкоɝо
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнноɝо
Коɪкыɬ
, [email protected]
Ⱥлɞɚмɛɟɪɝɟноɜɚ

пɪɟпоɞɚɜɚɬɟль
Кызылоɪɞинɫкоɝо
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнноɝо
Коɪкыɬ
. [email protected]
Шɚɪмɟноɜɚ
Ⱥɝзɚмоɜнɚ
PhD
ɞокɬоɪɚнɬ
Кызылоɪɞинɫкоɝо
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнноɝо
Коɪкыɬ
, [email protected]
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 22 25
UDC 631.14:636
Zh. M. Omarkhanova
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
IN INDUSTRY OF ANIMALS
Abstract.
At the modern historical stage of the developmen
t of the Republic of Kazakhstan, one of the vital
problems is the solution of the problem with the production and provision of the population of the Republic with
high-nutrition, ecologically safe livestock products of own
production. According to the authors, livestock, as well as
agriculture, is characterized by a complex structure. Meat cattle are less whimsical and can be fed on natural pastures
of steppe type. In many respects, the nature of the develo
the state and peculiarities of the feeding base of the distri
cts, since almost half of all costs in this sector are
accounted for the production of animal feed
rations. In all the republics of the
CIS a diverse feed base for livestock
breeding has been created. It is formed by field fodder production, natural forage lands, by-products and waste from
the food industry, feed mill industry.
In connection with the acce
ssion of the Republic of
Kazakhstan to the WTO,
Key words:
Animal husbandry is the second group of br
anches of agriculture, the importance of
which can not be overestimated. Animal husbandry do
es not develop in isolation from agriculture, but
with it. In Russia and near abroad there are no pur
ely cattle-breeding or purely agricultural areas, both
Like grain crops, animal husbandry is widespread
almost everywhere, and meadows and pastures
occupy three times more land than arable land in the st
is given by the countries of the temperate zone.
The geography of world livestock production is prim
the same time, the leading role is played by three
branches: cattle breeding, pig breeding, sheep breeding.
Contrasts in the development of livestock in de
veloping and developed countries are even greater
In most developing countries, livestock production is
a secondary industry. In developed countries,
livestock production prevails over agriculture and is
characterized by an intensive type of farming.
Industrialization, improvement of the forage base
and successes and selection work allowed the developed
countries to achieve tremendous success in increasing the pr
oductivity of livestock. Due to the fact that
livestock farming in them is facing the same probl
ems as agriculture - overproduction of products, a
policy of restraining and reducing production is carried out.
The structure of the livestock sector includes several sub-sectors:
cattle breeding;
pig production;
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ɋɟɪия
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1. 2018
poultry farming;
horse breeding;
reindeer herding;
fur farming;
Three-fourths of all agricultural land in the Repub
lic of Kazakhstanare o
ccupied by grazing lands.
Moreover, desert and semi-desert territories in the
central and southwestern parts of Kazakhstan are
widely used as seasonal pastures for livestock.
Therefore, livestock farming is one of the traditional and leading branches of the country's
agriculture. The most important branches of livestoc
k breeding in the republic are sheep breeding and
cattle breeding, poultry farming, horse breeding and
camel breeding, pig breeding is also developed.
beef cattle breeding, which account for about 56
% of the meat produced in the republic [2].
The main branch of livestock pr
oduction is sheep breeding, which is
especially developed in the
south, west and east of the republic, in East Kaza
khstan, Akmola, South Kazakhstan and several other
areas, where pastures of different sea
sons are successfully combined.
Here local high-yielding breeds of fine-fleeced
sheep are brought out, karakul breeding develops.
Cattle breeding is widespread in the north, camel breeding is developi
ng in the southern regions
(102 thousand heads), in the mountains of Rudny Altai - maral breeding.
In the northern zone of the republic there are five
specialized farms engaged in the production of furs,
the breeding of rare animals. At the same time, it s
hould be noted that in recent years there has been a
significant decline in livestock production, both becau
se of the decrease in the number of livestock and
Meat cattle are less whimsical and can be fed on natu
ral pastures of steppe type. Steppe regions of
the temperate zone concentrate most of the livest
ock population grown for meat. India has a significant
number of cattle, where its slaughter is limited due to
religious prohibitions, in Brazil, China, the USA,
of world meat production. The main producers and supplie
livestock, has a vast geography, but has developed mo
st in countries where dry
steppes, semi-deserts and
mountainous areas occupy vast territories. Large size
of the sheep population is Australia (130 million
heads), China (120 million heads), New Zealand, I
ndia, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia, Argen-
tina, Uruguay. These same countries are leading in th
e production of lamb and wool. The main exporters
of lamb and wool are Australia, New Zealand, Argen
tina. Pig breeding is highly developed in countries
with a high population density (non-Muslim), since fo
r the fattening of pigs, food industry waste and food
waste are widely used. In addition, pig production h
as a much shorter production cycle compared to cattle
farming. The industry provides 40% of the world's meat production, a significant part of the raw material,
bristles. China (more than 40% of the population), th
of Germany, Poland, Russia, Ukraine and Japan are a
llocated for the pigs. The largest exporters of pork
supplies meat (20% of world production), eggs, down
and feathers. In the United States, Great Britain,
Japan and other developed countries,
large industrial enterprises have
bred chicken broilers. China has a very large number
of birds (3.1 billion heads) and the United States
(1.6 billion heads), followed by Brazil, India, Russi
with Japan and Russia, are also singled out for the pr
oduction of eggs. The main exporters of bat birds are
the USA, France, Brazil. In total, the world produces
about 220 million tons of meat annually - most of all
pork, then beef, poultry, lamb. Leading group of c
ountries consists of China, USA, Brazil, France,
Germany, Russia.
One of the main factors contributing to the high
activity of commodity producers was comprehensive
state support and assistance in the development of beef cattle breeding [3].
Subsidies for selection work with the breeding stoc
k, acquisition of pedigree cattle, maintenance of
pedigree bulls and partial reimbursement of costs fo
r beef production created a very favorable economic
situation in the meat industry of the republic.
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
In addition, the preferential loan program "Sybaga"
allowed in the shortest possible time to form and
concentrate in the specialized farms a breeding stock
for the organization of reproduction of the fattening
contingent (bull-calves) with high productive qualities,
thanks to the use of breeding bulls in the breeding
direction.
In the three-year period, a solid platform was crea
ted in the country to form an effective infrastruc-
ture for the industrial production of beef according to
the cluster principle with the aim of concentrating
the maximum economic effect in the manufacturing sect
or. However, undeservedly neglected attention,
and consequently, by measures of state support, were
personal subsidiary farms of the population and the
cattle stock in them, accounting for more than 70% of
the herd's structure throughout the country. At the
same time, these agricultural formations, with the
appropriate organization a
nd support, are able to
provide the fattening contingent with more than half
of the existing capacity of fattening grounds, thereby
making a tangible contribution to the development of the country's economy [4].
Of course, we all really appreciate the opportun
ities and technological level of domestic private
households, whose entire activity is aimed only at
providing their own employment and subsistence
minimum, although in this category of farms there ar
e owners of a large number of livestock, as well as a
good production base, but this is rather an exception from rules.
In general, personal farmsteads are still a sphere
with a low level of livestock development and one
of the factors constraining their development is the
lack of systematic and systematic selection work, as
well as a clear specialization of livestoc
k in the direction of productivity.
In reproduction, unfortunately, bulls-producer
s are used without any pedigree value
and breed, and also with the absence of any prospects
for raising the level of productivity in offspring.
This situation is not due to the fact that in priv
ate households only amateurs are occupied, who do not
have even the slightest idea of the specifics of the i
ndustry. On the contrary, people with rich experience
in animal husbandry work here, having a clear idea of the role of breeding.
The only reason is the lack of the opportunity
to purchase high-value bulls-producers for pedigree
conversion of the herd and increase the productivity of the expected litter.
In this regard, it should be emphasized that JS
C KazAgroProduct, through
its subsidiary KazMeat
LLP, has been implementing a loan program for a num
ber of years to purchase pedigree bull breeders for
pedigree conversion in a public herd.
Thus, personal farmsteads, in turn, subject to th
e establishment of SECs and registration of their
livestock in the information and an
alytical base of breeding and selec
tive work, are able to receive
subsidies for breeding work.
REFERENCES
http://www.zavuch.ru/accounts/l
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
шығынɞɚɪɞың
жɚɪɬыɫы
жɚнɭɚɪлɚɪғɚ
өнɞіɪɭɝɟ
жԝмɫɚлɚɞы
ɛɚɪлық
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
ԛшін
ɞɚлɚлық
жɟмшөп
өнɞіɪіɫі
ɬԛлік
өнімɞɟɪі
қоɫɚлқы
өнімɞɟɪ
мɟн
ɬԛлік
өнɟɪкəɫіɛі
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
шɚɪɭɚшылығының
эколоɝиялық
өнімɞɟɪін
өнɞіɪɭ
мəɫɟлɟɫі
Ɍԛйін
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
өнɞіɪɭ
ɛəɫɟкɟлɟɫɬік
ɚɭылшɚɪɭɚшылығы
өнɟɪкəɫіп
қɚмɬɚмɚɫыз
Омɚɪɯɚноɜɚ
Мɭɯɚмɛɟɬоɜɚ
Мɚɬɚɟɜɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
ɚɝɪоɬɟɯничɟɫкий
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Кɚɪɚɝɚнɞинɫкий
экономичɟɫкий
зпоɬɪɟɛɫоюз
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
МЯɋНОȿ
ɋКОɌОȼОȾɋɌȼО

ȽЛȺȼНȺЯ
ОɌɊȺɋЛЬ
ɫоɜɪɟмɟнном
иɫɬоɪичɟɫком
ɪɚзɜиɬия
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
оɞной
нɚɫɭщной
пɪоɛлɟмой
ɪɟшɟниɟ
ɜопɪоɫɚ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜом
оɛɟɫпɟчɟниɟм
ɜыɫокопиɬɚ
эколоɝичɟɫки
ɛɟзопɚɫной
пɪоɞɭкциɟй
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɫоɛɫɬɜɟнноɝо
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɪоɜ
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɫложной
ɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪой
Мяɫной
ɪоɝɚɬый
пɪи
ɯоɬлиɜ
можɟɬ
пɚɫɬɛищɚɯ
ɫɬɟпноɝо
мноɝом
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪ
ɪɚзɜиɬия
ɪɚзмɟщɟния
кɚжɞой
оɬɪɚɫли
опɪɟɞɟляɟɬɫя
ɫоɫɬояниɟм
оɫоɛɟнноɫɬями
коɪмоɜой
ɛɚзы
ɪɚйоноɜ
почɬи
полоɜинɚ
эɬой
оɬɪɚɫли
пɪиɯоɞиɬɫя
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜо
коɪмоɜыɯ
ɪɚционоɜ
жиɜоɬ
ɜɫɟɯ
ɫозɞɚнɚ
ɪɚзнооɛɪɚзнɚя
ɛɚзɚ
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɮоɪмиɪɭюɬ
полɟ
коɪмопɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟнныɟ
коɪмоɜыɟ
ɭɝоɞья
поɛочныɟ
пɪоɞɭкɬы
оɬɯоɞы
пищɟɜой
пɪомышлɟн
ноɫɬи
комɛикоɪмоɜɚя
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬь
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
пɟɪɟɞ
ɫɬɜɟнной
нɚɭкой
оɫɬɪо
ɫɬɚɜиɬɫя
ɜопɪоɫ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɟ
конкɭɪɟнɬоɫпоɫоɛной
эколоɝичɟɫки
оɬɪɚɫлɟй
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
мяɫноɟ
ɫкоɬоɜоɞɫɬɜо
пɪоɞɭкция
конкɭɪɟнция
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɯозяйɫɬɜо
оɬɪɚɫль
коɪмоɜɚя
Information about authors:
Omarkhanova Zhibek Maksutovna associate professor of the Department of Finance of the Kazakh S.
Seifullin Agrotechnical university G. Astana, Astana, Kazakhstan
Mukhambetova Zamira Se
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 26 33
UDC 595.753+631.5: 635.651MRNTI 68.35.31, 68.37.29, 34.33.19
I. I. Temreshev
, I. N. Sagit
RSE "Institute of Zoology"of theCommittee of
Science of MES RK, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
LLP "Kazakh SRI of Plant Pr
otection and Quarantine named after Zh. Zhiembayev"
of the Ministry of Agriculture of Repub
lic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
Kazakh national agrarian univ
ersity, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
Abstract.
The fauna of the leafhoppers, treehoppersand
spittlebugs (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha) damages
soybean in the fields of fodder crops of Bayserke Agro LLP of Panfilov district and Kaskelenskoe LLP of the
Karasai district of the Almaty region. In all 10 species
and 8 genera from 3 families (Aphrophoridae, Cicadellidae
and Membracidae) noted. The greatest number of species
belongs to the family Cicadellidae - 8 species, to Mem-
bracidae and Aphrophoridae bel
ongs to one species. The genus
Agallia
and the genus
Macrosteles
of the family
Cicadellidaeare represented by 2 species
each, all the other genus of all fam
ilies include one speci
cies are polyphage pests of agriculture,
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
wings are absent, legs with 1-segmented legs are ve
ry thick and covered with
a hard smooth cuticle.
Broad hips and tibia of the forelimbs are provide
d with powerful spines and adapted to digging
movements. This structure of larvae is associated with
the features of their habitat, remote from the soil
surface: usually this is the root part of the stems a
nd the root system of plants. The color of the nymph
depends on the type and age. Most of them are whitis
h in color, there are specimens of brown and other
soft color with bands and spots. Fema
les lay eggs in autumn in the soft
tissue of leaves, stems, in the root
part of plants and in the carob. Depending on the sp
ecies, after 30-40 days, larvae appear from the eggs.
They pass several stages of molting an
d, accordingly, there are 4-5 ages.
The wintering stage for different
species of cicadas is eggs or larvae. In spring, the
overwintered nymphs begin to wing and move to the
stage of adult insects. Eggs are deposited by female
s of different generations, and as a result, during the
summer, cicadas develop in 2-3 generations. From the
beginning of summer to the end of autumn in the
fields there also larvae of different ages, and adu
lts. Damage to agriculture from these insects is very
great, given that damage to plants and larvae, and
imago. The spectrum of their nutrition is quite wide:
performed, pests of fodder crops and their entomopha
gesare studied, herewith the species of leafhoppers,
treehoppersand spittlebugs insects that damage soybean
are identified.Data on the abundance and species
composition of the leafhoppers, treehoppersand spittlebugsare obtained by mowing the standard
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Figure 1 Meadow froghopper
L.
Family Cicadellidae Latreille, 1802 Leafhoppers
Agalliavenosa
(Fourcroy, 1785) Venous leafhopper.The polyphage species, known as the pest of
ISSN 222
as well as
age, cuc
late April
is flaccid,
mainly dr
cereals.
At the e
damages
cereal cr
winter w
mildew i
in stalks,
lays 50-2
stage. Dis
the year 1
of young
partly the
damaged
in the wo

clover, sai
mbers, car
from the to
sstolbur, th
h, 5 in the s
larvae are
ly distribut
quantity.
ostelescrist
s, tomatoes
stations,
5th age mi
of the leafh
d of summ
d extratropi
heat, rye,
ps especiall
eat. The lat
fection. Gi
leaves and
0 eggs. La
tribution: E
cephalabis
plants, car
feed on th
generation.
wood in t
reas, the g
nd phytop

foin, lupine
ots, tomato
and the ap
e greening
uth. Hiber
orn, their d
ecome whi
d in Europe
oats, rye,
ason, 2 gen
rate to yo
ppers to th
r, the tran
ats, barley,
as a vecto
er affects ot
es in a year
piked scale
rope, Nort
d in a singl
Famil
the sides o
ies viral dis
juice of he
hen layin
e form of

igure 2 Gree
s. Damage
pearance of
ate eggs in t
1927) - P
heat and o
mposite, c
ng plants o
fields start,
ition of fe
orn, rice, m
r of viral di
er grains.
. The plants
from 1 to 3
of cereals
ough 5 age
Africa, the
quantity.
ases. Whe
herry, wal
baceous pla
gs laid in
eggs, the
ly liberated,

rden crops
crops char
spotting at t
flowers, as
ccurs on y
opical Asia
ctinateleafh
reals, cruci
ernate
osseous a
tilized fem
to North A
eases: ordi
he imago a
on which t
4 generatio
Caucasus,
ae German,
- Buffalo
m and dire
laying eggs
utumn in br
emale make
heses. Ofte
the crust la
eggs only

adellaviridis
especially s
cterized by
e injection
ers jaundic
rown in col
pecies, bro
opper. Poly
the condit
erous, umb
in the basal
d other we
laid and the
les to dand
erica. On s
lobium, bee
ary and pa
d larvae tr
s, dependi
idermis in
nt lasts 15
reehopper.
from willo
eas, carrots
s paired lo
the incisi
in live bran

ɋɟɪия
.)
rongly har
thinness, po
sites. The c
virus. It de
f cereals.
r, dry ou
ght to Nort
ons of natu
part of dan
elion begin
oybean in a
per. Polyph
e green dw
rs feed are
g on climat
roups of 2
25 days. W
khstan, Cen
he name r
. A polyph
y damage y
, poplar, as
, potatoes, e
m in diam
gitudinal in
ns merge,
arkens and
hes. In the
ɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭ
s table beet
or bushines
rrier of the
elops in 2
s and winte
amaged pla
nd curl alo
America.
al biotopes
elion and o
.Widely di
age, prefers
rfish wheat
he causativ
10 pieces.
nter spends
ral Asia, e
ge pest, su
oung fruit tr
, oak, elm,
c., includin
ter, less oft
isions of t
orming one
ies. Throu
spring, the
1. 2018
early cab-
, drying of
virus is the
enerations
cereals. In
ts become
g the main
n soybean
es, carrots,
it inhabits
posite and
her plants.
, the mass
develops.
tributed in
cereals. It
It damages
mosaic of
agent can
o powdery
. Eggs laid
ne female
in the egg
use of two
ks out the
ees - plum,
and other.
weeds. In
n in trunks
e bark and
wound. In
h incisions
ap flow in
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
the damaged branches disturbed, th
e trees weaken and often die. For young trees, massive damage is
especially dangerous (20-100 clutches per 10 cm bran
ch). Larvae are born during June. They fall under
the trees or blown away by the wind and spread no farther than 1-2 m from the tree. Larvae of younger
ages are inactive, feed in the root part or on leaf
8 species, to Membracidae and Aphrophoridaebelongs by one species. Genus
andgenus
steles
from the family of Cicadellidae arepresented by
2 species each, all the rest of the genus from all
families include one species. A
ll the species found are polyphagous pests of agriculture, damaging a
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
important ones are Green leafhopper
Linnaeus, 1758, Two-point leafhopper
bipunctata
(Oshanin, 1871) from the family Cicadellidae, and Buffalo treehopper
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke, 1977 from the family Membracidae. All of
them noted on soybean crops in quantitieslarge,
and capable of causing serious economic damage by
sucking out the juices and thereby weakening the
plants, and opening the gate of the phytopathogeni
c infection through damage. The number of other spe-
cies was very small, so they can have a tangible economic significance for the production of soybeans
only in the event of an ou
tbreak of mass reproduction.
A relatively high species diversity of
harmful leafhoppers, treehoppersand spittle-
bugsnoted in soybean crops in the Almaty region.
Most of them have no special significance, but 3
species are capable of causing quite large crop losses.
Infection with soybean
virus diseases in seed farms
in the Almaty region in some years reaches 46%, whic
h entails a loss of grain yield to 6.7 c/ha. Accor-
dingly, the germination energy reduced by 32%, seed
germination by 34% and protein content by 12%. In
the List of pesticides (chemicals) [14], approved for
use in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
against sucking pests, incl. leafhoppers, treehoppe
rsand spittlebugs, only chemical agents are regis-
tered.At present, in connection with the global incr
ease in demand for organic agricultural products, it is
necessary to search for new ways to
limit the number of pests. In countries far abroad, similar studies
were already conducted [17-20]. One of them may be
artificial cultivation in the fields of fodder crops,
incl. and soybean stinging hymenoptera, some of
which are entomophages of cicadas and other sucking
pests. An experiment of this kind carried out by the authors on the fields of fodder crops in the "Bay-
serkeAgro" LLP and gave a positive result [16]. In add
ition, in Kazakhstan, it is necessary to develop
other ways of biological control of the number
of harmful leafhoppers,
treehoppersand spittlebugs in
soybean crops, for which further research needed.
Source of research funding.
The work was prepared within th
for Plant Protection [Trudy Kazahskogo nauchno-issledovatel's
kogo institute zashhity rastenij]. Alma-Aty, 1975. Vol. I
.
P. 162-193. (In Russian).
[9] Mitjaev I.D. Cikadovye Kazahstana
ea): Opredelitel'. Alma-Ata: Nauka, 1971. (In Russian).
[10] Nasekomye i kleshhi vrediteli se
l'skohozjajstvennyh kul'tur. Vol. I: Nase
komye s nepolnym prevrashheniem / Pod
red. O. L. Kryzhanovskogo, E. M. Da
ncig. L.: Nauka, 1974. (In Russian).
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
[13] Spravochnik po zashhite rastenij /
Pod red. A. O. Sagitova, Zh. D. Ism
ɬԝмɫықɬылɚɪ
(Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha)
Ȼɚɪлығы
3
ɬԝқымɞɚɫɬың
10
ɬԛɪі
8

Көɛікɬі
(Aphrophoridae),
Цикɚɞкɚлɚɪ
(Cicadellidae)
(Membracidae).
Ɍԛɪлɟɪɞің
ɛөліɝінің
8
Cicadellidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫынɚ
, Membracidae
Aphrophoridae
ɛіɪ
ɬԛɪɞɟн
. Cicadellidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫының
Agallia
2
қɚлғɚн
ɬԝқымɞɚɫɬɚɪ
ɬԛɪɞɟн
ɬɚɛылғɚн
əɪɬԛɪлі
мɚлɚзықɬы
ɬɟɯникɚлық
ɞɚқылɞɚɪɞы
зɚқымɞɚйɬын
шɚɪɭɚшылығының
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
Олɚɪɞың
Cicadellidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫынɚн
Cicadella
Linnaeus, 1758,
Kyboasca bipunctata
(Oshanin, 1871)
Membracidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫынɚн
Stictocephala
bisonia
Kopp & Yonke, 1977.
ɛɚɪлығы
ɫоɪɭ
олɚɪ
əлɫіɪɟɬіп
зɚқымɞɚғɚн
жɟɪлɟɪі
ɮиɬопɚɬоɝɟнɞі
инɮɟкцияны
ɬԛɪлɟɪɞің
мөлшɟɪі
қыɬɚйɛԝɪшɚқ
өнɞіɪіɫі
ԛшін
олɚɪɞың
шɚɪɭɚшылықɬық
мɚңызɞылығы
ɪɟɫпɭɛликɚɫы
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪияɫынɞɚ
қолɞɚнɭғɚ
ɭлы
ɯимикɚɬ
).
Ɍізімінɞɟ
ɫоның
ɬԝмɫықɬылɚɪғɚ
қɚɪɫы
ɯимиялық
ɬіɪкɟлɝɟн
Қɚзіɪɝі
ɬɚңɞɚ
ɚɭылшɚɪɭɚшылығының
оɪɝɚникɚлық
өнімɞɟɪінɟ
ɫԝɪɚныɫɬың
жɚһɚнɞық
зиянɞы
мөлшɟɪін
шɟкɬɟɭɞің
жолɞɚɪын
ізɞɟɫɬіɪɭɞің
жолы
қыɬɚйɛԝɪшɚқ
шɚғɚɬын
жɚɪғɚ
өɫіɪɭ
кɟйɛіɪɬԛɪлɟɪі
ɫоɪғыш
зиянкɟɫɬɟɪɞің
ɛолып
Ɍԛйін
қɚнɚɬɬылɚɪ
, Hemiptera, Auchenorhyncha,
қыɬɚйɛԝɪшɚқ
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ɋɚɝиɬ
Инɫɬиɬɭɬ
зоолоɝии
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
кɚɪɚнɬинɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɊȺȼНОКɊЫЛЫȿ
ɏОȻОɌНЫȿ
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
ȼОɋɌОКȿ
КȺЗȺɏɋɌȺН
Изɭчɟнɚ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɯ
ɯоɛоɬныɯ
(Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha),
ɜɪɟɞящиɯ
поляɯ
коɪмоɜыɯ
ȻɚйɫɟɪкɟȺɝɪо
Пɚнɮилоɜɫкоɝо
ɪɚйонɚ
ɪɚйонɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
оɛлɚɫɬи
оɬмɟчɟно
10
8
ɪоɞоɜ
3
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜ

Пɟнницы
(Aphropho-
Цикɚɞки
(Cicadellidae)
Ƚоɪɛɚɬки
(Membracidae).
Нɚиɛольшɟɟ
чиɫло
ɜиɞоɜ
оɬноɫиɬɫя
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɭ
Cicadellidae 8
ɜиɞоɜ
Membracidae
Aphrophoridae
пɪинɚɞлɟжиɬ
оɞномɭ
ɜиɞɭ
Ɋоɞ
Agallia
Macro-
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
Cicadellidae
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜлɟны
2-
ɜиɞɚми
оɫɬɚльныɟ
ɪоɞɚ
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜ
ɜключɚюɬ
оɞномɭ
оɛнɚɪɭжɟнныɟ
мноɝояɞными
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟлями
ɯозяй
поɜɪɟжɞɚющими
ɪɚзнооɛɪɚзныɟ
зɟɪноɜыɟ
зɟɪноɛоɛоɜыɟ
коɪмоɜыɟ
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
плоɞоɜо
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
нɚиɛольшɟɟ
Cicadellaviridis
Linnaeus, 1758,
Kyboasca-
bipunctata
(Oshanin, 1871)
Cicadellidae,
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke, 1977
Membracidae.
они
оɬмɟчɟны
поɫɟɜɚɯ
количɟɫɬɜɟ
экономичɟɫкий
ɭщɟɪɛ
ɜыɫɚɫыɜɚя
ɫоки
зɚноɫя
ɮиɬопɚɬоɝɟннɭю
поɜɪɟжɞɟния
оɫɬɚльныɯ
ɜиɞоɜ
очɟнь
нɟзнɚчиɬɟльной
они
моɝɭɬ
ɯозяйɫɬɜɟнноɟ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɬолько
ɜɫпышки
мɚɫɫоɜоɝо
ɪɚзмножɟния
пɟɫɬициɞоɜ
яɞоɯимикɚɬоɜ
ɪɚзɪɟшɟнныɯ
пɪимɟнɟнию
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪии
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
пɪоɬиɜ
ɫоɫɭщиɯ
ɜɪɟɞи
ɬом
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɯ
ɯоɛоɬныɯ
зɚɪɟɝиɫɬɪиɪоɜɚны
ɬолько
ɯимичɟɫкиɟ
ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ɜɪɟмя
ɝлоɛɚльным
пɪоɞɭкцию
ɫɟльɫкоɝо
ɯозяйɫɬɜɚ
ɯоɞимо
пɪоɜоɞиɬь
поиɫк
оɝɪɚничɟния
ɜɪɟɞныɯ
оɪɝɚнизмоɜ
Оɞним
можɟɬ
иɫкɭɫɫɬɜɟнноɟ
ɪɚзɜɟɞɟниɟ
поляɯ
коɪмоɜыɯ
жɚлящиɯ
пɟɪɟпончɚɬо
нɟкоɬоɪыɟ
коɬоɪыɯ
яɜляюɬɫя
энɬомоɮɚɝɚми
цикɚɞок
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
ɫоɫɭщиɯ
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟлɟй
Ключɟɜыɟɫлоɜɚ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɟ
, Hemiptera, Auchenorhyncha,
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Information about the authors:
Temreshev Izbasar Isatayevich senior research associate of the department of entomology of RSE "Zoology
institute" SC MES RK, Ph.D, Biology, [email protected]
Ageenko Andrey Viktorovich resear
ch associate at "KazRI of plant
protection and quarantine n.a. Zh.
Zhiyembayev" MA RK, PhD, [email protected]
SagitIslambek Nurtasuly graduate st
udent of Agrobiology faculty of K
azakh national agrarian university,
[email protected]
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 34 37
UDC 632.9:631.58:57.04
large group of immediate and potential participants
or subjects of land relations: State and public
organizations, cooperatives and private enterprises,
individual citizens.
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Discussion.
Kazakhstan has been actively entering into the world economy, improving its compe-
titiveness largely depends on the efficient use of la
nd resources, creating favorable conditions for the
rational organization of economic ca
pacity and life of the population
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
- restoration of lost from degradation and irrati
onal economic activity properties and qualities of land
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Омɚɪɛɟкоɜɚ
Ⱥɯмɟɬкɟɪимоɜɚ
Пɟнɬɚɟɜ
Кɚɪɚɬɚɟɜɚ
Мɟлɞɟɛɟк
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬі
Ⱥлмɚɬы
ЖȿɊПȺЙȾȺЛȺНɍȾЫҢ
ЖԚЙȿɋІНȾȿȽІ
ɊȿɋɍɊɋɌȺɊЫН
ПȺЙȾȺЛȺНɍȾЫҢ
ҚИЫНШЫЛЫҚɌȺɊЫ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪын
ԝɬымɞы
жəнɟ
қоɪғɚɭ
олɚɪɞың
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭɞың
жԛйɟɫінɞɟɝі
қɚɪɚɫɬыɪылғɚн
ɬəжіɪиɛɟɞɟ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪын
ɛɚɫқɚɪɭɞың
ɫонымɟн
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
Жɟɪɞі
Жɟɪ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪының
мԛмкінɞікɬɟɪін
қоɪының
ɛоɫɚлқы
жɟɪлɟɪін
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬің
экономикɚлық
жɚғɞɚйын
мɚқɫɚɬынɞɚ
нɚɪықɬық
экономикɚғɚ
ɋонымɟн
қɚɬɚɪ
əɪɛіɪ
ɚймɚқɬɚ
жɟɪɞің
ɫɚны
мəлімɟɬɬɟɪɞі
мəɫɫɟлɟ
ɬопыɪɚқɬық
ɝɟоɛоɬɚникɚлық
жɟɪɞің
зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪ
ɛɚғɚлɚɭ
мониɬоинɝі
жԛɪɝізіліп
оɬыɪɭы
ɬɚɛиғи
экономикɚлық
жɚғɞɚйлɚɪғɚ
жɟɪɞі
шɚɪɚлɚɪ
қԝɪɚɭы
кɟɪɟк
ɋоңғы
шɚɪɭɚ
қожɚлықɬɚɪын
ԝжымɞық
қожɚлықɬɚɪғɚ
ԛшін
шɚɪɚлɚɪ
жԛɪɝізɭ
ɛɚɫɬɚлɞы
Ȼԝнɞɚй
өнɞіɪіɫɬі
жԛɪɝізɭɝɟ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪын
ɬиімɞі
ɛолɚшɚқ
коопɟɪɚɬиɬɟɪɞің
ɚймɚқɬық
өнɞіɪіɫɬік
инɮɪɚқԝ
ԛɪɞіɫін
Ⱥɬɚлғɚн
шɚɪɚлɚɪ
ɬɚғы
жԛɪɝізɭ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪын
ɪɟɮоɪ
жԛзɟɝɟ
ɚɫыɪɭғɚ
Ɍԛйін
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪы
иɟлɟнɭ
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭ
Омɚɪɛɟкоɜɚ
Ⱥɯмɟɬкɟɪимоɜɚ
Пɟнɬɚɟɜ
Кɚɪɚɬɚɟɜɚ
Мɟлɞɟɛɟк
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɊȺЦИОНȺЛЬНОȽО
ИɋПОЛЬЗОȼȺНИЯ
ЗȿМȿЛЬНЫɏ
ɊȿɋɍɊɋОȼ
ɍɋЛОȼИЯɏ
НОȼОЙ
ЗȿМЛȿПОЛЬЗОȼȺНИЯ
ɪɚɫɫмоɬɪɟны
пɪоɛлɟмныɟ
ɜопɪоɫы
ɪɚционɚльноɝо
иɫпользоɜɚния
оɯɪɚнɚ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
пɪичинɚ
ɜозникноɜɟния
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɫиɫɬɟмы
зɟмлɟ
зɟмли
иɫпользоɜɚния
миɪоɜой
пɪɚкɬикɟ
ɛольшой
опыɬ
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
оɪɝɚнизɚция
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльными
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
ɫоɫɬояния
Пɪоɛлɟмɚ
ɪɚционɚльноɝо
иɫпользоɜɚния
шиɪокий
мɟɪопɪияɬий
пɪиоɪиɬɟɬныɯ
нɚпɪɚɜлɟний
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɟ
иɫпользоɜɚниɟ
ɬɟнциɚлоɜ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
нɚпɪɚɜлɟнноɟ
ɜоɜлɟчɟниɟ
нɟоɫɜоɟнныɯ
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪии
зɚпɚɫоɜ
ɪыночнɭю
экономикɭ
цɟляɯ
ɭлɭчшɟния
экономичɟɫкоɝо
ɫоɫɬояния
Кɪомɟ
эɬоɝо
яɜляɟɬɫя
нɟоɛɯоɞимоɫɬь
ɜнɟɞɪɟниɟ
ɪɟɝионɟ
ɯозяйɫɬɜɟ
ционɚльныɯ
ɫиɫɬɟм
зɟмлɟɞɟлия
оɫноɜɟ
ɞоɫɬоɜɟɪныɯ
ɫɜɟɞɟнии
количɟɫɬɜɟ
зɟмɟль
поɫɬоянно
пɪоɜоɞиɬɫя
ɝɟоɛоɬɚничɟɫкоɟ
оɛɫлɟɞоɜɚния
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪиɫ
кɚɞɚɫɬɪоɜɚя
оцɟнкɚ
мониɬоɪинɝ
оɫноɜɚ
ɫɬɪоиɬ
ɫиɫɬɟмɚ
мɟɪо
пɪияɬий
ɪɚционɚльномɭ
иɫпользоɜɚнию
оɯɪɚнɟ
ɛɚзиɪɭющиɯɫя
конкɪɟɬныɟ
пɪиɪоɞно
ɫоциɚльно
экономичɟɫкиɟ
ɭɫлоɜия
ɜɪɟмя
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬкɚ
комплɟкɫ
мɟɪо
пɪияɬий
ɫɜязɚнныɟ
ɭкɪɭпнɟниɟм
мɟлкиɯ
кɪɟɫɬьянɫкиɯ
ɯозяйɫɬɜ
коллɟкɬиɜныɟ
ɯозяйɫɬɜоɜɚния
ɫпоɫоɛɫɬɜоɜɚɬь
ɭɫпɟшномɭ
ɜɟɞɟнию
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɪɚционɚльномɭ
иɫпользоɜɚнию
ɫозɞɚɬь
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪиɚльнɭю
оɫноɜɭ
коопɟɪɚɬиɜоɜ
оɛлɟɝчиɬь
пɪоцɟɫɫ
инжɟнɟɪной
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɟнной
ɫоциɚльной
инɮɪɚɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪы
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
мɟɪопɪияɬий
позɜоляɟɬ
ɪɚционɚльно
иɫпользоɜɚɬь
имɟющиɟɫя
ɪɟɫɭɪɫы
ɫпоɫоɛɫɬɜоɜɚɬь
ɭɫпɟшномɭ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлɟнию
зɟмɟльной
ɪɟɮоɪмы
ɫлоɜɚ
зɟмɟльныɟ
зɟмлɟпользоɜɚния
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬь
ɪɚционɚль
ноɫɬь
зɟмɟльныɟ
оɬношɟния
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 38 41
UDC 632.913.1
B. B. Toyzhigitova
, S. Yskak
, A. S. Dinasilov
, Zh. B. Niyazbekov
Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
Kazakh Research Institute of Protection an
d Plants Quarantine, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected] [email protected]; [email protected]
EFFICIENCY OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SAFE TECHNIQUES
AND METHODS AGAINST THE MELON FLY
Myiopardalispardalina
Abstract.
At the density for mass catching the pheromone gl
ue traps, food baits
of 10 pieces/hectare, the
significant effect on prevalence of fruits by the melon fly and productivity in the microplot experiments has not been
noted. Technologies of pheromone disorientation of males practically do not influence on population of the melon
fly due to low efficiency of dispensers. Installation of the pheromone traps in number of 20, 40 and 60 pcs/ha has
shown that the quantity of the caught males has averaged 2.05 pcs on 1 trap.
Keywords:
melon fly, imago, wrecker, pheromone traps, food baits.
The developed control measures for the mel
on fly are so far ineffective and suggest
spatial isolation of crops, early sowing of early
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
When studying the effectiveness of catching flies on
pheromone traps, the obtained results were
compared with the results of mowing with insect ne
t, 50 double strokes per passage along the diagonal of
the field [2, 3].
Technology of pheromone disorientation of males of the melon
fly. The method of disorientation:
at the beginning of flowering, rubber rings with
the content of pheromone (180-200 mg) are hung. Only
500 rings per 1 ha, which corresponds
to 90-100 g of preparation per ha. In early summer, pests of the
second and third generation (according
to observations in control pheromone traps), the same number of
rubber rings with pheromone are re-hung. A total of
270-300 g of pheromone is required for protection
during the season [4].
Field works were carried out in the South Kazakhsta
n region and in the entomo
logy laboratory of the
plant quarantine department of the KazRIP&PQ.
Results of the research.
During the growing season, experiment
Pheromone traps,
1 16 13 112
2 13 16 156
3 28 11 176
4 43 15 164
Average 25.0 13.8 152.0
Pheromone traps,
1 61 12 167
2 47 9 157
3 58 3 183
4 67 11 158
Average 58.3 8.8 166.3
Glue traps,
1 12 16 167
2 3 14 137
3 9 16 156
4 15 17 167
Average 9.8 15.8 156.8
traps,
1 16 18 167
2 17 19 154
3 15 16 137
4 14 17 178
Average 15.5 17.5 159.0
Food baits,
1 18 16 167
2 7 17 173
3 6 11 164
4 7 18 149
Average 9.5 15.5 163.3
Food baits,
1 32 16 171
2 14 18 165
3 26 19 170
4 17 12 146
22.3 16.3 163.0
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
The works were conducted in the Maktaaral and Shardara distri
cts of the South Kazakhstan region
in stationary fields.
Stationary field N1. Maktaaral district, Kyzylzhar rural district. GPSN 40
38.74
,
24.1
, H 250. Kirov field.
Stationary field N 2. Maktaaral district, Kyzylzhar rural district. GPSN 40
15.1
,
56,8
, H 255. Akimats field.
Stationary field N 3. Maktaaral district, Kyzylzhar rural district. GPSN 40
29,4
,
25.8
, H 220. Field N3.
Stationary field N4. Shardara district, GPSN 40
18,1
, E 068
56,8
, H 309. Field N4.
Stationary field N5. Shardara district, GPSN 40
17,2
, E 068
56,9
, H 288. Field N5.
For the primary comparative assessment of the pher
omone disorientation of males for the melon fly
pest population, the pheromone traps produced in Mo
ldova for trapping the melon fly in the Maktaaral
district of the South Kazakhstan region in the amount
of 20, 40 and 60 pcs/ha we
re installed. Accounting
conducted on the 30th day after insta
llation showed that the number of trapped males averaged 3.9; 2.7
and 0.9 pcs. per 1 trap, respectively (table 2).
Table 2 Effectiveness of melon fly catching on pheromone
traps (South-Kazakhstan region, Saryagash district, 2017)
Quantity of traps per 1 ha, pcs.
20 40 60
1 10 11 10
2 9 5 5
3 9 4 5
4 13 9 13
Average 2.05 0.72 0.55
Pheromone traps established in the background of
a low number of flies and two-fold processing
with Angio 247 S.C. in a dosage of 0.15 l/ha showed catch of individual pests. At 20, 40 and 60 traps per
1 hectare, the males of melon fly practically did not fall into traps of white and yellow color with a
At the density for mass catching with pherom
one glue traps, food baits of 10 pcs/ha,
there was no significant effect on the affected fruits by
melon fly and yield in micro-plot experiments.
Technologies of the pheromone disorientation of males
have practically no effect on the population of the
melon fly due to the low effectiveness of dispense
rs. The installation of the pheromone traps in the
amount of 20, 40 and 60 pcs/ha showed that the number
of trapped males averaged 0.55-2.05 pcs on 1 trap.
Thus, the technologies of the pheromone disorientati
on of males have practically no effect on the
population of the melon fly, due to the
low effectiveness of the dispensers.
REFERENCES
Toreniyazov E.Sh. et al. Bioecology of development of th
e melon fly and recommendations
for fighting. Ministry of
Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
Nukus Branch of the Tashkent
State Agrarian University.
Nukus, 2010. 32 p. (in Russ.).
Suleimenov S.I., Abdrakhma
nov M.A., Amerguzhin R.Sh., Bu
taev K.M., Suleimenova Z.
Sh., Mukhyshov A.A., Palin-
ka A.P., Tokmurzina Z.Kh., Abdugalieva G.H.
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Ɍойжіɝіɬоɜɚ
Ыɫкɚк
Ⱦинɚɫилоɜ
Ниязɛɟкоɜ
ԝлɬɬық
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
ɭниɜɟɫиɬɟɬі
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Қɚзɚқɫɬɚн
өɫімɞік
қоɪғɚɭ
кɚɪɚнɬин
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
инɫɬиɬɭɬы
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Қɚзɚқɫɬɚн
ҚȺɍЫН
ШЫȻЫНЫНȺ
ҚȺɊɋЫ
ЭКОЛОȽИЯЛЫҚ
ҚȺɍІПɋІЗ
ƏȾІɋɌȿɊȾІ
ҚОЛȾȺНɍ
ОНЫҢ
Myiopardalis pardalina
(Bigot)
жɚɛыɫқɚқ
ɬԝзɚқɬɚɪғɚ
10
оңɬɚйлы
өнімнің
зɚқымɞɚнɭ
ɛолғɚн
жоқ
Ⱥɬɚлықɬɚɪɞы
көмɟɝімɟн
ɚɞɚɫɬыɪɭ
ɬɟɯнолоɝияɫы
жԛзінɞɟ
попɭляцияɫынɚ
əɫɟɪ
Ɍԛйін
ɫөзɞɟɪ
қɚɭын
шыɛыны
ɟɪɟɫɟк
зиянкɟɫ
ɮɟɪомонɞық
ɬԝɬқыш
ɬɚғɚмɞық
ɬԝɬқыш
Ɍойжіɝіɬоɜɚ
Ыɫкɚк
Ⱦинɚɫилоɜ
Ниязɛɟкоɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚɬɟльɫкий
ɪɚɫɬɟний
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ЭɎɎȿКɌИȼНОɋɌЬ
ЭКОЛОȽИЧȿɋКИ
ȻȿЗОПȺɋНЫɏ
ПɊИȿМОȼ
МȿɌОȾОȼ
ПɊОɌИȼ
ȾЫННОЙ
МɍɏИ
Myiopardalispardalina
(Bigot)
плоɬноɫɬи
оɬлоɜɚ
ɮɟɪомонныɯ
лоɜɭшɟк
пɪимɚнок
ɜлияния
поɪɚжɟнноɫɬь
плоɞоɜ
ɞынной
мɭɯой
ɭɪожɚйноɫɬь
мɟлкоɞɟляночныɯ
опыɬɚɯ
оɬмɟчɟно
Ɍɟɯнолоɝии
ɮɟɪомонноɝо
пɪɚкɬичɟɫки
окɚзыɜɚюɬ
попɭляцию
ɞынной
ɜɫлɟɞɫɬɜиɟ
низкой
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɮɟɪомонныɯ
количɟɫɬɜɟ
20, 40
60
1
покɚзɚлɚ
чɬо
количɟɫɬɜо
оɬлоɜлɟнныɯ
ɫɚмцоɜ
ɫɪɟɞнɟм
пɪɟɜышɚлɚ
2,05
1
лоɜɭшкɭ
ɮɟɪомонныɟ
пɪимɚнки
About the authors:
Toyzhigitova B.B. PhD student;
Yskak S. Candidate of agricul. Sc., head of the expert-scientific sector;
Dinasilov A.S. Candidate of agricul. Sc., head of the laboratory;
Niyazbekov Zh.B. Head of Plant Quarantine Department
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 42 44
UDC 616.1/9:636.2(574. 51)
. Jangabulova
, A. Z. Maulanov
, A. A. Zhumageldiev
Biological Safety Department, Kazakh national agrarian university, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
solution of 10104 mm of formalin and then painted
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
According to histology, dystrophic changes of
Batanova O.V., Jelenshleger A.A. Morfologicheskie i biohi
Barnaulu. Barnaul, 2005. P. 316-317.
Batanova O.V., Jelenshleger A.A. Lechenie korov, bol'n
Batanova O.V., Jelenshleger A.A. Profilaktika subklin
Batanova O.V., Dutova O.G., Jelenshleg
er A.A. Funkcional'noe sostojanie s
hhitovidnoj zhelezy pri lechenii ketoza
sel'skohozjajstvennoj nauki
Batanova O.V., Jelenshleger A.A. Tire
gornyh territorij. Gorno-Alta
jsk, 2007. N 1. P. 57-59.
Batanova O.V. Soderzhanie ketonovyh tel i tire
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 45 51
UDC 712.5; 635.39
M. G. Eskendirov, S. M. Seilgazina, E. V. Borisenko,
A. E. Koigeldina, S. D.Tusupov, G. I. Dzhamanova, A. A. Zakiyeva
Shakarim State University
of Semey, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected]
VERTICAL GARDENING OF THE BOKEYKHAN CAMPUS
Abstract.
The environmental situation is the subject of special attention of social movements, mass media and
general publicfor cities of the Republic
of Kazakhstan. The ecological situation
of cities is a mirror which reflects
the level of the socio-economic
situation of the country, th
erefore it is no accident that information on the environ-
mental situation in Kazakhstan is widely available and occupies one of the leading places in the political and public
as a result of the survey of Semey residents are invol
ved in the scientific circulation. Also the specific
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
recommendations on management optimization of land
scaping and gardening of Semey are offeredin the
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
The concept of urban area improvement includes
the work on the construction, reconstruction,
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
last 5 years communal equipment of utility companies
has not been renewed, and without that it is dif-
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ҚȺЛȺɋЫНȾȺҒЫ
ȻӨКȿЙɏȺН
ȺɌЫНȾȺҒЫ
КȺМПɍɋɌЫҢ
ȺЛȾЫҢҒЫ
ɌІȽІНȿН
ЖȺɋЫЛȾȺНȾЫɊɍ
ԛшін
эколоɝиялық
жɚғɞɚй
ɛԝқɚɪɚлық
қԝɪɚлɞɚɪынɚ
жԝɪɬшылыққɚ
эколоɝиялық
-
ɟлɞɟɝі
экономикɚлық
көɪɫɟɬɟɬін
ɫонɞықɬɚн
эколоɝиялық
ɫɚяɫи
ɪінɞɟɝі
оɪынɞɚɪɞың
ɛолып
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
Ɍԛйін
ɛоз
ɚɪшɚ
ɮиɬоқɚɛыɪғɚ
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ȿɫкɟнɞиɪоɜ
Ȼоɪиɫɟнко
Койɝɟльɞинɚ
Ɍɭɫɭпоɜ
Ⱦжɚмɚноɜɚ
Зɚкиɟɜɚ
Ƚоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнный
ɝоɪоɞɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ȼȿɊɌИКȺЛЬНОȿ
ОЗȿЛȿНȿНИȿ
ɎȺɋȺȾȺ
КȺМПɍɋȺ
ИМȿНИ
ȻОКȿЙɏȺНȺ
ȽОɊОȾȺ
ɋȿМȿЙ
ɝоɪоɞоɜ
эколоɝичɟɫкɚя
пɪɟɞмɟɬом
оɫоɛоɝо
оɛщɟɫɬɜɟнныɯ
мɚɫɫоɜой
инɮоɪмɚции
шиɪокиɯ
нɚɫɟлɟния
Эколоɝи
ɫиɬɭɚция
ɝоɪоɞоɜ

коɬоɪом
оɬɪɚжɚɟɬɫя
ɭɪоɜɟнь
ɫоциɚльно
экономичɟɫкоɝо
положɟния
поэɬомɭ
инɮоɪмɚция
эколоɝичɟɫкой
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɟ
оɛщɟɞоɫɬɭпнɚ
оɞно
полиɬичɟɫкой
оɛщɟɫɬɜɟнной
ɜɟɪɬикɚльноɟ
можжɟɜɟльник
ɞɟɜичий
ɜиноɝɪɚɞ
ɮиɬоɫɬɟны
Information about the authors:
Eskendirov M. G. doctor of historical Sciences, Professor, university of Semey, [email protected]
Seilgazina S. M. doctor of agricu
ltural Sciences, Professor, Department of agrotechnology and forest
resources. Shakarim state university
of Semey. [email protected]
Borisenko E. V. senior lecturer of the Department of agrotechnology and forest resources. Shakarim state
university of Semey. [email protected]
Koigeldina A. E. PhD, acting associate Professor of the Department of agrotechnology and forest resources.
Shakarim state university of Semey. [email protected]
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 52 55
UDC 631.45.02
R. K. Sabirova, S. O. Kurmasheva
Atyrau state university named afte
r H. Dosmukhame
OF THE AGRARIAN SECTOR OF
THE NATIONAL ECONOMY
Abstract.
In the conditions of economic instability in the world community, there is a need to pinpoint the
principles and tasks, rights and duties of state bodies (local governments) in the sphere of agricultural development
management. Along with economic interests, it is necessary to strengthen the role of organizational and admini-
strative methods, to ensure vertical management, contractual, technological and executive discipline of commodity
producers, to develop a new approach and the mechanism of
interaction between state bodies. This is all evidence
that the theoretical aspects of improvi
ng the management system for the development of the agrarian sector as a
whole and raising its effectiveness on this basis are timely and very relevant. The aim of the state economic policy in
the agrarian sector at the level of national-state economic sy
stems is to satisfy the growing social needs, to achieve a
certain standard of living of the population, to create th
e necessary economic, social
and environmental conditions
for the effective development of the agro-indust
rial sector of the economy and human life.
Keywords:
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ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Among the priority tasks facing the state can be referred to the search and implementation of ways,
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
- changes in the destabilizing nature
that occur as a result of hasty in
stitutional changes. All this leads
to a stable disparity of prices and the withdrawal
of significant funds of agricultural producers, an
orientation toward small-scale private production,
accompanied by the appearance of inefficient
[1] Strategy "Kazakhstan-2050" The new politi
cal course of the state. Message of the President of the country to the people
of Kazakhstan. Astana, Decem
ber 14, 2012. (In English)
[2] Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "O
n state regulation of the development of
the agro-industrial complex and rural
areas". (In English)
[3] Statistical information on the use
of funds borrowed by JSC National Mana
Fund of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
as of 01.12.2015. (In English)
[4] Program for the development of the country's agro-indus
trial complex in the period until 2020 (Agrobusiness 2020) (In
Russian)
[5] Ashimbayeva A., Alshanov R. Kazakhstan in the world agra
ɋɚɛиɪоɜɚ
Кɭɪмɚшɟɜɚ
Ⱦоɫмԝɯɚмɟɞоɜ
Ⱥɬыɪɚɭ
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
ЭКОНОМИКȺНЫҢ
ɋȿКɌОɊЫНЫҢ
ȺЙМȺҚɌЫҚ
МƏɋȿЛȿЛȿɊІ
қоғɚмɞɚɫɬықɬың
экономикɚлық
ɬԝɪɚқɫызɞық
нԛкɬɟ
пɪинцип
мɚқɫɚɬɬɚɪы
қԝқықɬɚɪы
ɚɭыл
шɚɪɭɚшылық
ɛɚɫқɚɪмɚɫының
оɪɝɚнɞɚɪɞың
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
жɟɪɝілікɬі
оɪɝɚнɞɚɪы
мінɞɟɬɬɟɪін
ԛшін
ɛɚɪ
экономикɚлық
мԛɞɞɟлɟɪінɟ
ɋонымɟн
жɚңɚ
оɪɝɚнɞɚɪ
ɚɪɚɫынɞɚғы
шɚɪɬɬық
ɬɟɯнолоɝиялық
өнɞіɪɭшілɟɪ
ԛшін
ԝйымɞɚɫɬыɪɭшы
пɪɚкɬикɚ
ɪөлін
Ȼԝл
ɛɚɪлық
оның
ɬиімɞіліɝін
нɟɝізінɞɟ
ɬԝɬɚɫɬɚй
ԝлғɚюы
ɪɟɬінɞɟ
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
ɫɟкɬоɪының
жԛйɟɫін
ԛшін
ԝɫынɚɞы
ԝлɬɬық
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
эконо
жԛйɟлɟɪ
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
экономикɚлық
ɫɚяɫɚɬɬың
мɚқɫɚɬы
экономикɚ
өміɪінің
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
ɬиімɞі
ԛшін
экономикɚлық
эколо
өміɪлік
əлɟɭмɟɬɬік
қɚжɟɬɬілікɬɟɪін
қɚнɚғɚɬɬɚнɞыɪɭ
ɛолып
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
Ɍԛйін
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
өнімɞɟɪ
ɛəɫɟкɟлɟɫɬік
өɫімɞік
шɚɪɭɚшылығы

ɋɚɛиɪоɜɚ
Кɭɪмɚшɟɜɚ
Ⱥɬыɪɚɭɫкий
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнный
Ⱦоɫмɭɯɚмɟɞоɜɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɊȿȽИОНȺЛЬНОȽО
ɊȺЗȼИɌИЯ
ȺȽɊȺɊНОȽО
ɋȿКɌОɊȺ
НȺЦИОНȺЛЬНОЙ
ЭКОНОМИКИ
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
экономичɟɫкой
миɪоɜом
ɫооɛщɟɫɬɜɟ
нɟоɛɯоɞимоɫɬь
ɬочɟчно
опɪɟɞɟляɬь
пɪинципы
пɪɚɜɚ
оɛязɚнноɫɬи
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнныɯ
оɪɝɚноɜ
оɪɝɚноɜ
мɟɫɬноɝо
ɫɚмоɭпɪɚɜлɟния
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
ɪɚзɜиɬиɟм
ɯозяйɫɬɜɚ
Нɚɪяɞɭ
экономичɟɫкими
нɟоɛɯоɞимо
ɭɫилиɬь
оɪɝɚнизɚционно
ɪɚɫпоɪяɞиɬɟльныɯ
мɟɬоɞоɜ
оɛɟɫпɟчиɬь
ɜɟɪɬикɚльноɟ
ɭпɪɚɜлɟ
ɞоɝоɜоɪнɭю
ɬɟɯнолоɝичɟɫкɭю
иɫполниɬɟльнɭю
ɬоɜɚɪопɪоизɜоɞиɬɟлɟй
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚɬь
поɞɯоɞ
мɟɯɚнизм
ɜзɚимоɞɟйɫɬɜия
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнными
оɪɝɚнɚми
ɫɜиɞɟɬɟльɫɬɜɭɟɬ
ɬом
нɚпɪɚɜляɟмыɟ
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬкɭ
ɬɟоɪɟɬичɟɫкиɯ
ɫоɜɟɪшɟнɫɬɜоɜɚния
ɫиɫɬɟмы
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
ɪɚзɜиɬиɟм
ɚɝɪɚɪной
оɬɪɚɫли
цɟлом
поɜышɟниɟ
оɫноɜɟ
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɜɟɫьмɚ
экономичɟɫкой
полиɬики
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ
ɚɝɪɚɪном
ɫɟкɬоɪɟ
ɭɪоɜнɟ
нɚционɚльно
экономичɟɫкиɯ
ɫиɫɬɟм
ɭɞоɜлɟɬɜоɪɟниɟ
ɜозɪɚɫɬɚющиɯ
оɛщɟɫɬɜɟнныɯ
поɬɪɟɛноɫɬɟй
ɞоɫɬижɟ
опɪɟɞɟлɟнноɝо
ɭɪоɜня
ɫозɞɚниɟ
нɟоɛɯоɞимыɯ
экономичɟɫкиɯ
ɫоциɚльныɯ
эколо
ɭɫлоɜий
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɝо
ɪɚзɜиɬия
ɚɝɪопɪомышлɟнноɝо
экономики
жизнɟɞɟяɬɟльноɫɬи
пɪоɛлɟмы
ɯозяйɫɬɜо
конкɭɪɟнция
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɪɟɝион
Information about the authors:
Sabirova Rysty Kuandikovna
Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Depart-
ment of Economics, Atyrau State Univ
ersity named after Kh. Dosmukhamedov
Kurmasheva Svetlana Olegovna
senior lecturer of the department "Eco
nomics", Head of the Department of
Economics, Atyrau State University named after Kh. Dosmukhamedov
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 56 58
UDC 616.1/9:636.2(574. 51)
. Jangabulova
, A. Z. Maulanov
, A. A. Zhumageldiev
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
PATHOANATOMY OF DAI
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018

Figure 1 Cattle Figure 2 Fatty
deposits under the epicardium
Most pronounced dystrophic and hemodynamic ch
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Microscopic changes. Liver damage on our materi
al was noted in all cases. Diffuse macrovesicular
fatty degeneration was noted in he
patocytes combined with carbohydrate and granular degeneration.
These changes are most pronounced in the centrolobular
[2] Batalova O.V. Soderzhanie ketonovyh te
l i tireoidnyh gormonov v krovi korov pri ke
[3] Byrka V.I. Klinicheskie znachenija nekotoryh pokazatelej
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 59 65
UDC 637.5
U. C. Chomanov, G. S. Kenenbai,
. Zhumalieva, S. Dadenov
"Kazakh Research Institute of Processing a
nd Food Industry" LLP,
Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
RESEARCH OF THERMODYNAMIC AND
OF NEW MEAT DELICACIES
Abstract.
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Figure 2 Activity of water of
meat delicacies from horse meat
Figure 3 Activity of water of meat delicacies from pork
Proceeding from the above, it can be concluded that
with increasing activity of water of new meat
delicacies, the tenderness of finished products in
creases. After the syringing, the thermodynamic
characteristics increased by 8-10%.
Rheological indices, such as shear force and cutting
strength of meat delicacy from beef, horse meat
and pork on the TMS-PRO texture analyzer (figure 412) were investigated.
Figure 4 Meat delicacies from beef with the addition of 10% brine
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Figure 5 Meat delicacies from beef with the addition of 15% brine
Figure 6 Meat delicacies from beef with the addition of 20% brine
Figure 7 Meat delicacies from horse m
eat with the addition of 10% brine
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Figure 8 Meat delicacies from horse m
eat with the addition of 15% brine
Figure 9 Meat delicacies from horse m
eat with the addition of 20% brine
Figure 10 Meat delicacies from pork with the addition of 10% brine
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Figure 11 Meat delicacies from pork with the addition of 15% brine
Figure 12 Meat delicacies from pork with the addition of 20% brine
As a result of the research, it was found that, in co
mparison with the control variant, in the experi-
mental brine of minced meat, after shearing the shear
force value, the shearing force decreased from 10 to
20%. This is because the use of brine increases the st
[1] Water in Food / Edited by R. B. Duckworth. Tran
slation from English. Moscow
: Food Industry, 1980. 376 p.
diss. ... doct. of t
ech. sciences. St. Pete
rsburg, 2000. P. 8.
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ɋɟɪия
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1. 2018
Шомɚноɜ
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
Жԝмɚлиɟɜɚ
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
өңɞɟɭ
ɚзық
өнɟɪкəɫіɛі
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
ɎɍНКЦИОНȺЛȾЫҚ
МȺҚɋȺɌɌȺҒЫ
ЖȺҢȺ
ɌȺҒȺМȾȺɊЫНЫҢ
ɌȿɊМОȾИНȺМИКȺЛЫҚ
ɊȿОЛОȽИЯЛЫҚ
ɋИПȺɌɌȺМȺЛȺɊЫН
Жԝмыɫɬың
өнімɞіліɝінің
жəнɟ
өнɞіɪіɫ
ɛɚɪыɫынɞɚ
ԝɫынылғɚн
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫɬɟɪінің
ɫɚпɚɫымɟн
қɚɭіпɫізɞіɝін
қɚмɬɚмɚɫыз
мԛмкінɞік
өнімɞɟɪɞің
жԝмɫɚқɬығының
өзɝɟɪɭінɟ
əɞіɫɬɟɪɞі
ɚнықɬɚɭ
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
өнімɞɟɪɞɟ
кɟɫɭ
ɞɟңɝɟйін
ɚнықɬɚɭ
TMS-PRO
қԝɪылымɞық
жԛɪɝізілɞі
Өнɞіɪілɝɟн
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жоғɚɪы
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оɬыɪып
мɟн
шошқɚ
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмикɚлық
көɪɫɟɬкішɬɟɪі
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ɫипɚɬɬɚмɚлɚɪы
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Зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪ
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өнімнің
ɚɪɬып
Шпɪицɬɟɭɞɟн
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмикɚлық

8-10%-
ɚɪɬɬы
Ɍԛйін
өнімɞɟɪі
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫɬік
ɛɟлɫɟнɞіліɝі
ɪɟолоɝия
қɚɬɚңɞық
Чомɚноɜ
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
Жɭмɚлиɟɜɚ
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚɬɟльɫкий
пɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬыɜɚющɟй
пищɟɜой
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬи
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ИɋɋЛȿȾОȼȺНИȿ
ɌȿɊМОȾИНȺМИЧȿɋКИɏ
ɊȿОЛОȽИЧȿɋКИɏ
ɏȺɊȺКɌȿɊИɋɌИК
НОȼЫɏ
МЯɋНЫɏ
ȾȿЛИКȺɌȿɋНЫɏ
ИЗȾȿЛИЙ
ɎɍНКЦИОНȺЛЬНОȽО
НȺЗНȺЧȿНИЯ
эɬой
ɪɚɛоɬы

опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
поɪоɝоɜоɝо
ɜоɞы
мɟɬоɞоɜ
нɟжноɫɬи
ɝоɬоɜыɯ
изɞɟлий
помощью
можно
оɛɟɫпɟчиɜɚɬь
кɚчɟɫɬɜо
ɛɟзопɚɫ
ноɫɬь
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚнныɯ
мяɫныɯ
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɯ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɟ
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɭɪоɜня
покɚзɚɬɟля
ɫɪɟзɚ
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚнныɯ
пɪоɞɭкɬɚ
пɪоɜоɞилиɫь
ɬɟкɫɬɭɪы
TMS-PRO.
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɭɪоɜня
покɚзɚɬɟля
ɚкɬиɜной
ɜоɞы
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚнныɯ
изɞɟлияɯ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлялиɫь
поɪɬɚɬиɜноɝо
ɫкоɪоɫɬноɝо
пɪиɛоɪɚ
AquaLab C
ɟɪии
Моɞɟль
ɋШȺ
).
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмичɟɫкиɟ
покɚзɚɬɟли
ɪɟолоɝичɟɫкиɟ
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪиɫɬики
конины
пɪимɟнɟниɟм
ноɜоɝо
ɪɚɫɫолɚ
Иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚниями
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟно
поɜышɚɟɬɫя
нɟжноɫɬь
ɝоɬоɜыɯ
изɞɟлий
Поɫлɟ
шпɪицɟɜɚния
покɚзɚɬɟли
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмичɟɫкиɯ
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟ
ɪиɫɬик
8-10%.
мяɫныɟ
пɪоɞɭкɬы
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɟ
изɞɟлия
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
ɪɟолоɝия
нɟжноɫɬь
Information about the authors:
Chomanov Urushbay Chomanovich Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of
Kazakhstan, Doctor of Technical Scien
ces, Professor, "Kazakh Re
search Institute of Pro
cessing and Food Industry"
LLP, [email protected]
Kenenbai Gulmira Serikbaykyzy Candidate of Techni
cal Sciences, Almaty, "Kazakh Research Institute of
Processing and Food Industry"LLP, [email protected]
Zhumalieva Torgin Melisovna Master
of Sciences, Almaty, "Kazakh Res
earch Institute of Processing and
Food Industry" LLP, [email protected]
Dadenov Saken Master of Sciences, Almaty, "Kazakh
Research Institute of Processing and Food Industry"
LLP, [email protected]
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 66 68
UDC 632. 4. :633.11 321
. Rsymbetov
Kazakh national agrarian univ
ersity, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
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нɚɭк
1. 2018
Manifestation of the brown rest
in the research period (20132014)
Brown rust, %
Aktobe Omsk Chelyabinsk Karabalyk
Steppe 1413 0 0 80 40 50 100 80
Steppe 1414 0 0 15 15 20 60 40
Steppe 1422 0 0 15 10 20 100 60
Lyazzat 10 5 80 80 40 100 80
GVK 2031-13 5 5 100 100 40 100 40
GVK 2077-11 10 10 100 90 40 100 80
Lutescens 740 0 0 20 30 40 90 60
Lutescens 811 0 0 15 70 40 100 60
Lutescens 22 10 5 100 90 60 100 80
Lutescens 36 5 5 80 90 70 100 80
Lutescens 1519 0 0 100 90 70 100 100
Lutescens 1669 5 5 100 70 20 100 80
Lutescens 1764 0 0 80 10 20 100 100
Lutescens 12/93-01-4 0 0 80 80 30 100 100
Lutescens 16/93-01-8 0 0 100 80 30 100 60
Lutescens 25/93-01-2 5 5 100 90 50 100 100
Lutescens 122 0 0 50 30 50 100 100
Lutescens 1101-12 10 5 30 50 20 80 40
Fiton 82 15 10 20 30 10 90 80
-54 0 0 0 10 0 30 40
Ecada 148 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
Celinnaya 10 5 70 70 20 100 60
Asyl Sapa 15 10 30 80 10 100 80
Standard early 0 0 80 70 1 100 100
Standard middle 0 0 50 70 1 70 80
Standard late 0 0 80 60 20 100 100
In memory to Aziyev 10 0 50 80 20 100 100
Terce 0 0 50 10 20 100 80
Astana 2 10 5 50 60 5 100 80
Omsk35 15 10 70 60 20 90 100
Saratov29 0 0 70 70 20 100 100
Tobol 0 0 70 60 20 100 40
Altai reaper 10 5 0 0 1 100 20
Lutescens 665/1 5 5 30 40 20 70 60
Lutescens R - 23-18 10 5 0 20 20 100 60
Lutescens R - 66 B 0 0 50 60 20 100 80
Lutescens
- 78-1 0 0 50 60 10 100 80
Lutescens 205/03-1 15 10 40 0 1 50
Lutescens 220/03-83 10 5 0 5 0 0 10
Lutescens 555/01-10-1 0 0 25 30 20 100 60
Siberian 17 20 10 10 5 5 100 20
Lutescens 1147 15 10 0 0 1 30 20
Lutescens 126-05 0 0 0 20 5 30 20
Lutescens 128-05 0 0 0 0 5 50 20
Sigma 0 0 25 10 20 90 40
Lutescens 7/04-26 0 0 20 15 20 100 20
Lutescens 141/03-2 10 5 0 20 1 90 40
Chelyaba early 0 0 0 40 20 90 40
Ural cuckoo 15 10 0 0 0 10 40
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Brown rust (Puccinia triticina) is widly spread am
ong the spring wheat in the north Kazakhstan and it
is very destructive disease. The most effective means
of brown rust control is the formation of resistant
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ɋɟɪия
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нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 69 73
UDK 631.445.24:633.853.494:631.85
K. K. Kubenkulov, A. Kh. Naushabaye
v, N. A. Khokhanbaeva, N. Seitkali
Kazakh national agricultural university, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected]
OF PHOSPHOGYPSEUM,
ELEMENTAL SULFUR AND
SULFURIC ACIDS
ON THE COMPOSITION OF THE WATER EXTRACT
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
of 100 g soil; 0,086 conversion coefficient of calcium into gypsum; (
+
HCO
) the content of
ions in the filtered water, in mg of 100g soil; 0,1
the coefficient allowing the
13 days after rinsing sulfuric acid (30.07.2015)
and all other options (07.11.2017).
During this period, the amount of moisture required for the normal
movement of the processes occurring in the
soil with the presence of microorganisms.
The plot area (35) 15 m
replication of the experiment is 3-fo
ld. Correction of ameliorants into the
soil was carried out by plowing to a depth of 29 cm,
followed by disking. Samples of soils were selected
in the spring before introduction of ameliorants (26.06
.2015), in the autumn after 4.5 month incubation of
meliorants (07.11.2015), in spring and summer next year
before (26.03.2016) after (28.04.2016) washing.
The depth of sampling of samples is 0-20, 20-40 a
spension with a soil to water ratio of 1: 5. The field
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
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нɚɭк
1. 2018
Table 1 Ionic composition and salts
of filteratewater before treatment with elemental sulfur
and sulfuric acid phosphogypsum for half-hydro
morphic acid, (mg/equiv) /% (25.06.2015)
sample, cm
Total
HCO
2-
2-
2+
Total salt,
gypsum
1,12 0,75 8,63 4,25 2,88 3,37
0,777 8,2
0,068 0,026 0,410 0,085 0,034 0,077
1,56 0,70 4,25 1,75 1,38 3,69
0,454 8,1
0,095 0,024 0,200 0,035 0,016 0,084
1,64 0,48 0,60 4,13 2,25 1,50 3,10
0,459 8,6
0,100 0,014 0,021 0,190 0,045 0,018 0,071
Elemental
1,48 No 0,65 7,75 4,00 2,88 2,75
0,659 8,2
0,090 0,022 0,370 0,080 0,034 0,063
1,92 0,75 5,38 2,50 1,75 2,29
0,516 8,2
0,117 0,026 0,250 0,050 0,021 0,052
2,32 0,60 0,75 4,38 2,00 1,25 4,80
0,560 8,8
0,141 0,018 0,026 0,210 0,040 0,015 0,110
Sulfuric acid
1,56 0,75 6,00 2,50 2,00 3,81
0,692 8,1
0,095 0,026 0,280 0,050 0,024 0,087
1,84 0,30 0,65 4,63 2,00 1,25 4,07
0,513 8,5
0,112 0,009 0,022 0,220 0,04 0,015 0,093
2,56 0,24 0,70 5,00 2,50 1,50 4,38
0,595 8,8
0,156 0,007 0,024 0,240 0,050 0,018 0,100
High concentrations of sodium are due to the significant salinization of soil.
Thus, the initial soil moisturization of phosphogypsum
with sulfur and sulfuric acid is characterized
by the bicarbonate ion along the entire soil surface, th
e alkalinity provided by the normal carbonate in the
lower part and the high amount of sulfate ions. In
the case of Sa2+, Mg2 + and Na +, soil salts are
substantially toxic NaHCO3, Na2SO4, and MgSO4.
The composition of the filtrate water of soil sample
-
2-
gypsum
1,88 0,56 0,40 1,25 0,80 0,30 2,15
0,274 7,8
0,114 0,017 0,014 0,059 0,016 0,004 0,049
1,20 0,56 0,40 1,25 0,65 0,45 2,01
0,244 7,7
0,073 0,017 0,014 0,059 0,013 0,008 0,046
Elemental
1,58 I
0,45 1,12 0,55 0,35 2,05
0,243 7,6
0,095 0,023 0,054 0,016 0,006 0,047
1,42 I
0,30 0,87 0,80 0,50 0,79
0,160 7,5
0,086 0,011 0,062 0,016 0,006 0,028
acid
0,96 I
0,30 0,90 0,70 0,40 1,06
0,156 7,5
0,058 0,011 0,043 0,014 0,005 0,025
0,84 I
0,30 1,57 0,60 0,30 1,81
0,195 7,4
0,051 0,010 0,075 0,012 0,004 0,042
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Size of hydrocarbons ion; As a rule, the depth in
creases to 40-60 cm at 100 g soil and has reached 2
mg or more. It should be noted that at this depth only normal carbonates are present, the maximum
concentration of which (more than 0.03 mg/eq) is mo
re than 10 times, so the lower layer is slightly
alkaline (pH 7.6-8.2). The amount and distribution of
chlorine ions along the surface of the soils is the
same for all experimental variants (0.60-0.75 mg/e
q. In 100 g soil) and twice as high as toxicity (0.35
mg/eq). They say that there is no swelling of the soil
in the form of soil and water. The concentration of
sulphate ions in anions differs from the maximum (7-8
mg/eq. in 100 g soil), which is 4 times higher than
the toxic concentration (1.7 mg/min). They decrease
as deep as the control varies (up to 4-5 mg/dl). Anion
composition test site shows that the
soil is soda-sulphate salinity type.
The cationic content of the aqueous filter is charact
erized by a considerably lower amount of calcium
and sodium than the elevated and upper layer and lo
wer layers. This is due to the carbonaceousness of the
soil, the magnesium content of the cation content is
significantly (25-30%). This affects the soil for
magnesium oxidation.
After the phosphogypsum discovery, the volume of
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ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
REFERENCES
Modeling of the process of sowing and osolon
tsevaniya po. M: Science, 1980. P. 12-14.
Borovsky V.M. Geochemistry of the glaci
ers in Kazakhstan. M.: Nauka, 1978. 172 p.
Arinushkina E.V. Chemistr
y Analytics Management.
.: MGU, 1970. P. 387-421.
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɋɊȺȼНИɌȿЛЬНȺЯ
ЭɎɎȿКɌИȼНОɋɌЬ
ɎОɋɎОȽИПɋȺ
ЭЛȿМȿНɌȺɊНОЙ
ɋȿɊНОЙ
КИɋЛОɌЫ
ɋОɋɌȺȼ
ȼОȾНОЙ
ȼЫɌЯЖКИ
ПОЛɍȽИȾɊОМОɊɎНЫɏ
ɋОȾОȼЫɏ
ɋОЛОНЧȺКОȼ
ɋОЛОНЦОȼ
ɪɚɫɫмоɬɪɟны
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫɚ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɪɟжим
оɪошɚɟмыɯ
ɫоɞоɜо
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
ɫолонцоɜ
Ⱥмиɪɚн
Нɭɪинɫкоɝо
окɪɭɝɚ
ɪɚйонɚ
зɚɫолɟниɟ
оɫолонцɟɜɚниɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪнɚя
Information about authors:
Kubenkulov Kanaybek Kubenkulovich candidate of
Agricultural Sciences, Asso
ciate Professor of the
Department of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of the
Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, e-mail:
[email protected]
Naushabaev Askhat Khamitovich doctor PhD, associate professor of the department "Soil Science and
Agrochemistry", Kazakh National Agrarian Univ
ersity, Almaty, e-mail: [email protected]
Hohanbaeva Nurzhamal Aybatillaevna PhD doctoral student of the department "Soil Science and
Agrochemistry", Kazakh National Agrarian Un
iversity, Almaty, e-mail: [email protected]
Seitkali Nurzihan Doctor PhD of the department "Soil Science and Agrochemistry", Kazakh National
Agrarian University, Almaty, e-mail: [email protected]
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 74 78
UDC 631.4:626.875(574.51)
ISSN 222
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1. 2018
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ity of west
th stage of
of soil [6].
useful and
of wilting
nt stops to
p layer to
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Table 1 The seasonal water regime of the m
obile barchans located near Bakbakty village
cm
Humidity by months of the year, %
III V VI VII VIII
0-20 4.71 3.62 1.55 1.16 0.71
20-40 6.45 3.85 2.42 1.47 1.26
40-60 5.62 3.77 3.36 1.70 1.33
60-80 7.06 4.73 4.26 2.73 1.32
80-100 5.44 3.88 4.54 3.63 1.45
research which carried out specially showed that it
is equal to 1.7%. In bot
tom by 60-80 cm depth of
barchans the degree of humidity reached maximum (7
.06%), and in its top by 0-20 cm depth humidity
composed 4,7%.
The substantial decreasing of humidity of soil was
marked in May. In the layer (20-60 cm), where
roots of saplings are located, the degree of humidity
have decreased, but not yet approached to wilting
moisture. The decreasing of humidity flows intensively
in summer months. In June humidity of the top by
0-20 and 20-40 cm layers of barchans
has substantially decreased (1.55-2.
42%), its humidity at depths by
0-20 cm has decreased up to 1.55%, herewith it reac
hed up wilting moisture at depths where roots of
saplings are located (1,7%). In this period humidity of
depths of barchans (20-
40, 40-60 cm) where roots
of plants are located has decreased up to 2,0-3,36%. In
such degree we can say that there is no risk of
wilting of plants. In July-August humidity of soil of
barchans has substantially decreased and reached
wilting moisture of plants and in August in the top layer of soil by 0-20cm humidity has decreased even
more (0.71%).
Observations which were carried out showed that
the seasonal temperature of barchans has changed
substantially (table 2).
Table 2 The seasonal regime of temperature of the mob
ile sandy barchans located on west of Bakbakty village
cm
The temperature by months of the year,
III V VI VII VIII
0 13.0 64.1 46.5 45.4 46.1
20 4.0 27.2 26.1 27.3 32
40 2.5 23.0 25.2 27.1 26.7
60 1.0 20.5 23.0 26.5 26.5
80 1.0 18.5 21.5 26.3 26.1
100 1.0 16.5 21.0 24.5 26.0
If in March the degree of meridian surface temperature of barchans was 13
, then subjacent layers
were not yet warmed up, but at thickness by 60-100 cm the temperature was merely 1
. In May the
temperature has changed suddenly especially in bottom
layers, the temperature has increased substantially
in comparison with March. The temperature in layers
of barchans (20-40, 40-60
cm) where roots of plants
were located was approximately the sam
e in June, July and August (25-30
Above identified the seasonal regime of humidity
of barchans showed that it could not provide
saplings production of phytom
eliorant seated for its strength. The main reason is that in summer months
especially in July and August in layers where roots
of saplings are located humidity of soil is lower than
wilting moisture of plants. Also there is a risk of fa
lling asleep or blowing of plants up to depth of root
system in summer months due to low humidity
and the mobility of barchans in watershed.
Strong heating in summer and autumn months of 0-
20cm layer of barchans can adversely effect on
growth of saplings. Exposure and kilning of root is
thmus can happen. High temperature begins in May.
The temperature of barchans increases a little in autu
mn, and in August at depths by 20cm reaches up to
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Thus, the results of research which carried out on
the mobile barchans formed from sandy soils of
deserts as a result of anthropogenic degradation showed
that there is always a risk of full or partly
covering of plants by soil during phytomeliorations or
vice versa blowing of soil and exposure of roots,
and in other cases low degree of humidity at depths where
roots of plants are located arises a huge risk for
growing and strengthening of planted saplings in comp
arison with wilting moisture of plants. Also in
summer months very strong heating (46
) of soil surface causes a risk of kilning of root isthmus.
In southern Balkhash region sandy soils of
deserts as a result of industrial activity of
farms or population which located there turned into the
mobile barchans for a short period (5-7 years); in
summer months blowing of their windy slope significantly complicates their phytomelioration; when field
moisture of soil in the highlands of
barchans at depths of saplings r
oot location (20-40cm) in the hottest
period of the year (July-August) is
equal or lower than wilting moisture
isthmus of saplings root causes a risk of their drying-
up; therefore, it is necessary to keep the degree of
reserve of humidity of soil which root in spring mont
hs and also in summer months for saplings growth of
forest and shrubs that strengthen sand.
REFERENCES
[1] Piven E.N. Flow change of Ily river of Balkha
sh region. International eco
logic forum Balkhash. 2000.
[2] Climate change. 2001. Synthesis report // Internati
onal experts group on climate change. Third report IPCC
(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Ch
ange) on evaluation. 2003. 173 p.
[3] Velichko A.A., Krapchevsky A.O. Moisture reserves in soils duri
ng global warming of climate // Soil science. 1995.
[4] Arinushkina E.V. Guidelines for the
chemical analysis of soil
s. M.: Moscow State University publishing house, 1970.
[5] Federovsky D.M. The dependency of withering moisture c
ontent from plants types and osmo
tic pressure of soil solution
// Soil science. N 10. P. 612-631.
[6] Rode A.A. About the lowest moisture cap
acity // Soil science.
1966. N 12. P. 43-45.
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬі
Ⱥлмɚɬы
ҚԜМȾЫ
ɌОПЫɊȺҚɌȺɊЫНЫҢ
ȺНɌɊОПОȽȿНȾІ
ȾȿȽɊȺȾȺЦИЯҒȺ
ԜШЫɊȺɍЫНȺН
ЖЫЛЖЫМȺЛЫ
ОШȺҚɌȺɊЫНЫҢ
ȽИȾɊОɌȿɊМИЯЛЫҚ
ҚԜȻЫЛЫМȾȺɊЫ
Ȼɚлɯɚш
өңіɪінɞɟ
шөлɞің
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪының
ɚнɬɪопоɝɟнɞі
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚцияғɚ
ԝшыɪɚп
шɚғылғɚ
ошɚқɬɚɪының
ɝиɞɪоɬɟɪмиялық
0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80, 80-100
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟɪінɞɟ
нɚɭɪыз
ɬɚмыз
ɪынɞɚ
жԛɪɝізілɝɟн
ɚнықɬɚмɚлɚɪ
оның
нɚɭɪыз
жоғɚɪғы
(4,71-7,06%)
мɚмыɪ
ɚйынɞɚ
3,62-4,73 %-
ɚйынɞɚ
1,55-4,54 %-
1,16-3,63 %-
ɬɚмызɞɚ
0,71-
1,45 %-
қԝмɞы
оɪмɚн
ɛԝɬɚқ
көшɟɬɬɟɪінің
жԛйɟɫі
(20-60
жəнɟ
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
өɫімɞікɬің
(1,7%)
ɬԛɫкɟн
қԝм
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫының
өзінɞɟ
өніп
өɫіп
Оɫылɚɪмɟн
қɚɬɚɪ
шɚғылɞың
қɚɛɚɬының
жылжымɚлылығынɚн
көшɟɬɬɟɪɞің
ԛɪлɟніп
жɚлɚңɚшɬɚнɭынɚ
Ɍԛйін
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚция
шөл
шɚғыл
ɝиɞɪоɬɟɪмиялық
қԝɛылым
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Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
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Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ȽИȾɊОɌȿɊМИЧȿɋКИЙ
ɊȿЖИМ
ОЧȺȽОȼ
ПОȾȼИЖНЫɏ
ȻȺɊɏȺНОȼ
ОȻɊȺЗОȼȺȼШИɏɋЯ
ȺНɌɊОПОȽȿННОЙ
ȾȿȽɊȺȾȺЦИИ
ПȿɋЧȺНЫɏ
ПОЧȼ
ПɍɋɌЫНЬ
пɪиɜɟɞɟны
ɞɚнныɟ
ɫɟзонноɝо
ɝиɞɪоɬɟɪмичɟɫкоɝо
ɪɟжимɚ
очɚɝоɜ
поɞɜижныɯ
оɛɪɚзоɜɚɜшиɯɫя
ɚнɬɪопоɝɟнной
полɭчиɜшиɟ
шиɪокоɟ
ɪɚɫпɪоɫɬɪɚнɟниɟ
Пɪиɛɚлɯɚшьɟ
опɪɟɞɟлɟний
пɪоɜɟɞɟнныɟ
ɛɚɪɯɚнɚ
ɝлɭɛинɚɯ
0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80, 80-100
нɚпɪɚɜлɟнии
ɝоɫпоɞ
ɫɬɜɭющиɯ
ɜɟɬɪоɜ
покɚзыɜɚюɬ
чɬо
ɫɚмɚя
ɜыɫокɚя
мɚɪɬɟ
(4,71-7,06%),
коɬоɪɚя
поɫɬɟпɟнно
ɫнижɚɟɬɫя
3,62-4,73%,
1,55-4,54%,
1,16-3,63%
0,71-1,45%.
ɝлɭɛинɟ
ɪɚɫположɟния
коɪнɟɜой
(20-60
пɟɫкоɭкɪɟпляющиɯ
лɟɫокɭɫɬɚɪникоɜ
ɭɪоɜня
ɜлɚжноɫɬи
зɚɜяɞɚния
(1,7%).
ɫоɫɬояниɟ
пɪи
опɬимɚльныɯ
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪы
ɜозможноɫɬи
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟнɚ
поɞɜижноɫɬи
ɜɟɪɯниɯ
или
пɪиɜоɞиɬ
оɛнɚжɟнию
поɫлɟɞнɟй
пɟɫок
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚция
ɛɚɪɯɚны
ɝиɞɪоɬɟɪмичɟɫкий
ɪɟжим
ɚɜɬоɪɚɯ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜич

ɫɟльɫкоɯозяйɫɬɜɟнныɯ
ɚɫɫоцииɪоɜɚнный
пɪо
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почɜоɜɟɞɟния
ɚɝɪоɯимии
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
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, [email protected]
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Ⱥɫɯɚɬ
ɏɚмиɬоɜич

ɞокɬоɪ
PhD,
ɚɫɫоциɪоɜɚнный
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, [email protected]
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Ȼɟкзɚɬ

ɞокɬоɪɚнɬ
почɜоɜɟɞɟния
ɚɝɪоɯимии
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬы
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OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 79 86
UDK631.445.56.833
K. Kubenkulov, N. A. Khokhanbaeva,
A. Kh. Naushabaev, N. Seitkali
Kazakh national agricultural university, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected] [email protected]
[email protected] [email protected]
COMPARATIVE AMELIORATIVE EFFICIENCY
OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM AND SULFUR IN SEMI-TERRESTRIAL
].
Thus, the above-mentioned circumstances prevailing in
the republic, i.e. the presence of a large area
of alkaline saline soils in areas of intensive farming,
the low economic efficiency
of the currently used
ameliorant of phosphogyp
sum and the huge amount of accumulated sulfur requires the development of
technologies for reclamation of alkaline saline soils using sulfur. In our opinion, the solution of this
Нɚционɚльной
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problem can be achieved by accelerating the oxidation of elemental sulfur, which is possible with high
dispersity of its particles.
Program and methodology.
The studies were conducted in 2015
and 2016 on the territories of LLP
"Amiran" of Talgar district of Almaty region.
To establish the comparative melio
rative efficiency of phosphogypsum and elemental sulfur on soda-
saline soils, we selected a site of 0.5 ha. Soil soil
is a soda-sulfate-solonchak
semihydromorphic salt. The
field experiment was carried out by applying calcu
lated equivalent doses of ameliorants. The doses of
meliorants were calculated to a depth of 0.5 m acco
rding to the formula of B.M. Agaeva Phosphogypsum
of the Zhambyl plant of phosphorus fertilizers and micr
onized sulfur of the Atrau refinery were used as
ameliorants (1966). [6]. The scheme of the field experiment is as follows:
# Variant of experience
Doses of meliorants, t/ha
1 Control
2 Phosphogypsum 15
3 Elemental sulfur 5
, replication of the experiment is 3-fo
ld. Samples of soils were selected in
the spring before the introduction of meliorants (26.06
.2015), in the autumn after 4.5 month incubation of
ameliorants (07.11.2015), next year in spring
and summer before (26.03.2016) after (28.04.2016)
washing. Correction of ameliorants into the soil was ca
rried out by plowing to a depth of 29 cm, followed
by disking. The depth of sampling of samples is
0-20, 20-40 and 40-60 cm. In them, the composition of
the ions of the water extract of Arinushkin was de
termined [7]. The field experiment was conducted
1. Control
0,087
0,098
0,103
0,011
0,022
0,019
0,021
0,39
0,40
0,42
0,087
0,095
0,1
0,03
0,03
0,034
0,076
0,070
0,085
0,692
0,715
0,774
8,0
8,2
8,2
gypsum
0,068
0,095
0,100
0,014
0,026
0,024
0,021
0,41
0,20
0,19
0,085
0,035
0,045
0,034
0,016
0,018
0,077
0,084
0,071
0,777
0,454
0,459
8,1
8,2
8,3
3. Sulfur
0,090
0,117
0,141
0,018
0,022
0,026
0,026
0,37
0,25
0,21
0,08
0,05
0,04
0,034
0,021
0,015
0,063
0,052
0,110
0,659
0,516
0,560
8,1
8,2
8,5
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In the soils there are all the ions in quantities, wh
ich adversely affect the gr
owth and development of
plants. But the greatest damage is noted from solone
tsousness and high alkalinity. The soda of the soil of
the section is indicated by the presen
ce of an appreciable amount of
HCO _3 ^ - exceeding its
threshold concentration of 0.8 meq per 100 g of soil).
Its content, as a rule, increases with depth, reaching
up to 2 and more mg-eq per 100 g of soil. It should be
noted that only at this depth (40-60 cm) there are
normal carbonates (CO32 -), also significantly exceeding the threshold concentration (0.03 meq per 100 g
of soil) in connection with which the lower horizon has a higher alkalinity (pH 8.2-8.5).
The content and distribution of the chlorine ion al
ong the soil profile is uniform and almost identical
(0.60-0.75 meq per 100 g soil) in calorific values twice exceedi
ng its threshold toxicity (0.35 meq per
100 g soil). This distribution of chlorine ion indicates the absence in the soil profile of both the wash and
water effluent regime. Of the anions, the highest co
ncentration differs, sulfate ions (7-8 meq per 100 g
soil), exceeding the threshold concentration (1.7 meq)
more than 4 times. They decrease with depth to 4-5
mg-eq per 100 g of soil. The anionic composition noted
that the soils of the experimental site are
represented by soda-sulfate type of salinity.
The cation composition of the aqueous extract of so
ils is characterized by an increased content of
calcium and sodium, somewhat less than magnesium
. An increased concentration of sodium can be
explained by the presence of cons
iderable salinity in the soil.
Thus, the initial state of the meliorated soil is ch
aracterized by an averag
e alkalinity due to the
increased bicarbonate ion content throughout the pr
ofile and the presence of normal carbonates in its
lower part, as well as a high content of sulfate ion, wh
ich, with an increased content of Ca2 + and Na +,
form toxic salts with a predominance
of sodium salts NaHCO3, Na2SO4.
Table 2 Effect of equivalent doses of phosphogypsum and el
emental sulfur on the composition of the aqueous extract
of the medium-sulphate soloncha
k high-sodium hemihydromorphic so
0,092
0,143
0,156
0,021
0,014
0,019
0,31
0,24
0,17
0,07
0,03
0,03
0,03
0,01
0,009
0,060
0,116
0,085
0,583
0,553
0,739
8,3
8,5
8,6
gypsum
0,095
0,095
0,156
0,003
0,007
0,019
0,017
0,021
0,34
0,42
0,38
0,07
0,03
0,03
0,028
0,025
0,013
0,051
0,182
0,193
0,603
0,772
0,804
8,2
8,5
8,8
0,048
0,061
0,069
0,021
0,021
0,021
0,636
0,620
0,420
0,1
0,08
0,08
0,034
0,03
0,031
0,156
0,186
0,089
0,995
0,998
0,710
7,4
7,4
7,4
The results of this analysis of the water extract of
soil samples (Table 2) taken after the beginning of
the experiment for 4.5 months after the control va
riant show that there are noticeable changes in
concentrations as in the composition of anions: (an increase of
HCO _3 - in the lower horizons from
1.65 mg- eq to 2.45 meq, disappeared
CO _3 ^ (2-), decreased SO_4 ^ (2 -) (from 8.0 meq to 4.00
meq), and cations: a sharp decline Ca2 + and Mg2 + in
the lower horizons (respectively, from 4.9 meq to
1.55 meq and from 2.8 meq to 0.80 meq) and a slight
increase in Na + concentrations in the underlaid
horizon with 3.05 mg-eq to 5.06 mg-eq per 100 g of Th
ese changes in the concentration of ions in the
liquid phase of the soil of the control variant cause the proportion of more toxic sodium salts (NaHCO3
and Na2CO3) to increase in the solution composition and
to reduce the proportion of less toxic (especially
Na2SO4) and nontoxic (CaSO4Ca (HCO3) 2) salts.
significantly increasing its value from 8.1, 8.3.
Нɚционɚльной
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The introduction of phosphogypsum significantly incr
eased the content of SO_4 ^ (2-) and Na + ions
corresponding to c4.20 to 8.40 and from 3.40 to 8.
20 meq per 100 g of soil and slightly reducing their
concentrations in the 0-20 cm layer
, as well as Ca2 + and Mg2 + in this layer. At the same time, an
increase in the content of the sulfate ion occurs due
to the release of SO_4 ^ (2 -) contained in the phos-
phogypsum into the solution, and sodium is displ
aced from the PPC by calcium phosphorus ions. Thus, a
4.5 month incubation of phosphogyps
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It follows from the presented scheme [10] that duri
ng the interaction of sulfuric acid with calcium
carbonates and partly magnesium, they are destroyed,
as a result of which new bicarbonates are formed in
the solution. They are captured in th
e analysis of aqueous extract, the da
ta of which show the significance
of the growth of the concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg2
+ in the layers of 20-40 and 40-60 cm, respectively,
of the content of 160, 200% and 143, 210% compared to
their values prior to the introduction of elemental
sulfur. The addition of sulfur further increases th
e concentration of sodium compared with phospho-
gypsum. This can be explained by the sodium ion di
splaced from the PPK. It appears in the layers 0-20
and 20-40 cm. If before the introduction of sulfur
the sodium content in the aqueous extract was
respectively 2.75 and 2.29 meq, then after 4.5
months incubation its content increased to 6.63 and
8.10 meq per 100 g of soil or 241 and 354%. It follows that elemental sulfur, along with greater
neutralization of alkaline salts, is also most activel
y involved in the desalinization of the soil compared
with sphosphogypsum.
0,104
0,098
0,032
0,018
0,018
0,014
0,204
0,228
0,246
0,063
0,065
0,030
0,059
0,011
0,004
0,059
0,062
0,095
0,457
0,482
0,421
8,1
8,1
7,8
gypsum
0,054
0,084
0,077
0,59
0,011
0,008
0,019
0,288
0,300
0,300
0,102
0,058
0,057
0,011
0,006
0,007
0,029
0,102
0,109
0,495
0,558
0,585
7,8
8,1
8,2


0,045
0,055
0,108
0,59
0,008
0,009
0,009
0,284
0,344
0,320
0,085
0,065
0,070
0,012
0,011
0,008
0,038
0,098
0,116
0,472
0,582
0,647
7,2
7,6
7,8
From the analysis of the water extract it follows th
at the effect of climatic conditions on the salt
composition of soils of the control variant does not have
any appreciable changes, whereas in the variants
with ameliorants, the concentration of
HCO _3 ^ - in the 0-40 cm layer on the phosphogypsum variant
is reduced 1.5 times (from 1.65 mEq to 1.13 mEq)
and in the variant with sulfur in 2 times (from
1.65 mEq to 0.82 mEq).
These changes indicate the continuing chemical a
nd physico-chemical processes that took place in
the soil with the products of decomposition of the di
ssolved part of phosphogypsum (Ca2 + and SO4 (2))
and formed sulfuric acid during the oxidation of some pa
rt of the elemental sulfur. They are manifested in
marked increases in the content of SO_4 ^ (2- ) in
comparison with the control variant. So, if on the
control its content in the 0-40 cm layer of the soil
was 4.50 meq, then in the variants with phosphogypsum
and elemental sulfur, respectively, were 6.13 and 6.
55 meq per 100 g. Soil content. The content of Ca2 +
up to 4.0 meq or 0.80 meq is more compared to the control (3.20 meq) in the variant with phosphogypsum
should be attributed to the part of phosphogypsum rel
eased into the solution, and its growth up to 3.75
meq-equivalents on a variant with elemental sulfur-a
ccount for the calcium of its carbonate, released into
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
the liquid phase of the soil as a result of its decompositi
on by sulfuric acid. It should also be noted here
that a higher concentration of Mg2 + (0.90 meq per 100 g soil) in the sulfur variant is compared to
phosphogypsum (0.68 meq), which can only be explaine
d by the magnesium of its carbonate, which also
appeared in solution as a result of its decomposition with sulfuric acid
The content of sodium ion in the water extract of the
soil by spring is slightly less in comparison with
the autumn one, which can be explained by washing it with autumn-early spring precipitation.
The effect of the ameliorant content of sodium i
on turned out to be different. The effect of phospho-
gypsum on the content of sodium ion in the solution is manifested by the amount of calcium formed when
dissolving gypsum phosphogypsum, providing for the disp
lacement of an equivalent amount of absorbed
sodium from the AUC into the solution, and elemen
tal sulfur by the amount of Ca2 + formed by
decomposition of calcium carbonate with sulfuric acid.
Thus, a ten-month incubation (26.06.15g to 26.03.
16g) of phosphogypsum and elemental sulfur in
the semihydromorphic soda-sulphate
mid-solonchak high-sodium mean so
Variant Depth, cm
2-
2-
2+
Total salts, %
0,185
0,185
0,145
0,022
0,019
0,012
0,009
0,013
0,018
0,152
0,164
0,176
0,035
0,032
0,028
0,004
0,004
0,003
0,124
0,128
0,121
0,738
0,545
0,503
8,6
8,6
8,6
gypsum
0,349
0,183
0,141
0,009
0,012
0,007
0,012
0,012
0,011
0,132
0,132
0,168
0,030
0,038
0,035
0,004
0,004
0,005
0,081
0,088
0,094
0,617
0,469
0,455
8,5
8,4
8,3
0,121
0,123
0,172
0.012
0,011
0,011
0,011
0,007
0,009
0,084
0,159
0,128
0,047
0,072
0,047
0,003
0,008
0,007
0,037
0,013
0,097
0,315
0,393
0,471
8,2
8,2
8,3
From the analysis of the water extract, it follows that irrigation and washing of the soil promoted a
sharp increase in the content of the ions
HCO _3 ^ - and the appearance of
CO _3 ^ (2-), i.e.
"flash" a sharp increase in alkalinity, especially on
the control and on the variant with phosphogypsum.
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
For example, in the soils of the control variant befo
re irrigation, the average content of HCOO in the
0-40 cm layer of soil HCO
〗ࠟ〗
3 was 1.65 meq, and CO _3 (2-) was absent, after irrigation, the content
HCO _3-grown to 3.04 meq and appeared
CO _3 ^ (2-) in a significant amount (0.70 meq).
Irrigation of the soils of the control variant contributed
to a marked decrease in
the concentration of the
sulfate ion (from 4.50 to 3.30 meq), calcium (from 3.
20 to 1.67 meq), magnesium (from 0.85 to 0.33 mg-
eq) and sodium growth (from 2.65 to
5.47 meq), which resulted in a significant increase in the amount of
salts (from 0.467 to 0.642%) and alkalinity (pH from 8.1 to 8.6) .
The results of the conducted washing of soils w
ith meliorants proved to be ambiguous. If the soil
washing on the variant with phosphogypsum resulte
d in a significant increase in the content of
HCO
_3 - - from 1.13 to 4.36 meq and
CO _3 ^ (2-) to 0.37 meq (not before washing ), then on the variant
with elementary sulfur, respectivel
y, an increase in the contents of
_3--from 0.81 to 2.00 and
CO _3 ^ (2-) from 0.00 to 0.38 meq, ie . the latter
created more favorable soil conditions for plants.
The washing also had a positive effect on the content
of SO_4 ^ (2-) in the soil, substantially reducing its
concentration from 6.13 to 2.75 mEq for the variant
with phosphogypsum and from 6.55 to 2.54 meq for
version with sulfur. The effect of washing on the cont
ent of Ca2 + in the soil solution manifested itself in
significant decreases from 4.00 to 1.71 meq / eq in the variant with phosphogypsum and an insignificant
decrease from 3.75 to 3.00 meq per variant with elemen
tal sulfur. The same pattern is observed in the
Mg2 + contents, although its concentration is much
lower than that of Ca2 +. The flushing led to a
decrease in Mg2 + from 0.68 to 0.32 meq for the variant with phosphogypsum and from 0.90 to 0.46 meq
for the variant with elemental sulfur.
The effect of washing on the content of Na + in the
soil of the variants of the experiment also turned
out to be ambiguous. On the variant with phosphog
ypsum it is noted that it increases from 2.84 meq to
3.66 meq, whereas on the variant with elemental su
lfur, it decreases significantly (from 2.96 to 1.08 meq
per 100 g soil) , which explains the high water permeability.
The results of quantitative changes in the ion
composition of the liquid phase of soils from the
introduced ameliorants, as well as the conducted washi
ng of soils, had an ambiguous effect on the amount
of salt. So, if the introduction of ameliorants
led to an increase in the amount of salts in both
phosphogypsum and elemental sulfur (w
ith some advantage in the latter), the washing had an insignificant
effect on the removal of salts (total 0.032%) in
the variant with phosphogypsum from 0.527 to 0.543 %,
and on the variant with elemental sulfur to signifi
cant desalination, where th
e salt content decreased from
0.527% to 0.354%. Moreover, after washing the salt
on the variants with phosphogypsum became more
toxic due to the "flash" of alkalinity.
The above factual materials obtained on the basis of the field experiment on the
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬі
ȺШЫҚɋԜɊ
ɌОПЫɊȺҚ
ȺЙМȺҒЫНȾȺҒЫ
ЖȺɊɌЫЛȺЙ
ȽИȾɊОМОɊɎɌЫ
ОɊɌȺШȺ
ɋОȾȺЛЫ
ɋОɊɌȺҢȾȺНҒȺН
КȿȻІɊȾȿ
ɎОɋɎОȽИПɋ
ПȿН
ɋȺЛЫɋɌЫɊМȺЛЫ
МȿЛИОɊȺɌИȼɌІК
Жоғɚɪыɞɚ
кɟлɬіɪɝɟн
ɫԝɪ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪ
ɚймɚқшɚɫының
ɫоɞɚлыɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
жоғɚɪы
нɚɬɪийлі
жɚɪɬылɚй
ɝиɞɪомоɪɮɬы
кɟɛіɪɞɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
кԛкіɪɬɬің
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
ɬиімɞілікɬɟɪін
ɛойыншɚ
ɬəжіɪиɛɟ
ɪиɚлɞɚɪ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫпɟн
ɚɪɬықшылығын
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
ԝзɚқɬығын
мԛмкінɞік
Ɍԛйін
alkali-saline soil, fertility, amelioration, sulfur, phosphogypsum.
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɋɊȺȼНИɌȿЛЬНȺЯ
МȿЛИОɊȺɌИȼНȺЯ
ЭɎɎȿКɌИȼНОɋɌЬ
ɎОɋɎОȽИПɋȺ
ɋȿɊЫ
ПОЛɍȽИȾɊОМОɊɎНОМ
ɋɊȿȾНȿɋОȾОȼО
ɋɍЛЬɎȺɌНОɋОЛОНЧȺКОȼОМ
ɋОЛОНЦȿ
ПОȾЗОНЫ
ɋȿɊОЗȿМОȼ
Ⱥɛɫɬɪɚкɬ
пɪиɜɟɞɟны
полɟɜыɯ
опɪɟɞɟлɟния
ɫɪɚɜниɬɟльной
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɞоз
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫɚ
ɫɟɪы
зɚɫолɟнном
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮ
ном
ɫолонцɟ
оɫноɜɚнии
ɜоɞной
ɜыɬяжки
почɜ
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟнɚ
ɛолɟɟ
ɜыɫокɚя
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜнɚя
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬь
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɜозможноɫɬь
ɭɫкоɪɟнной
мɟлиоɪɚции
ɫоɞоɜо
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
почɜ
пɪимɟнɟниɟм
Ⱦɟɫяɬимɟɫячнɚя
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫɚ
ɫɟɪы
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮном
ɞоɜо
ɫɭльɮɚɬном
ɫɪɟɞнɟɫолончɚкоɜом
ɜыɫоконɚɬɪиɟɜом
ɫɪɟɞнɟм
ɫолонцɟ
зоны
ɫɟɪозɟмоɜ
окɚзɚли
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
пɟɪɟɫɬɪоиɜ
ионный
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɪоɫɬɭ
ɫолɟй
Нɟкоɬоɪоɟ
оɫоɛɟнно
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
пɪоɜɟɞɟния
ɪɚɛоɬ
мɟлиоɪɚции
почɜɟɝо
пɪомыɜки
иɫɯоɞныɯ
пɟɪɜичныɯ
оɛɪɚзоɜшиɯɫя
ɜɬоɪичныɯ
ɫолɟй
коɪнɟоɛиɬɚɟмоɝо
почɜы
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
количɟɫɬɜɟнныɯ
ионном
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
жиɞкой
почɜ
ɜнɟɫɟнныɯ
пɪоɜɟɞɟнной
пɪомыɜки
почɜ
нɟоɞнознɚчноɟ
ɜлияниɟ
ɫолɟй
ɫоɞоɜо
зɚɫолɟннɚя
плоɞоɪоɞиɟ
мɟлиоɪɚция
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫ
Information about authors:
Kubenkulov Kanaybek Kubenkulovich candidate of
Agricultural Sciences, Asso
ciate Professor of the
Department of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of the
Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, e-mail:
[email protected]
Hohanbaeva Nurzhamal Aybatillaevna PhD doctoral student of the department "Soil Science and
Agrochemistry", Kazakh National Agrarian Un
iversity, Almaty, e-mail: [email protected]
Naushabaev Askhat Khamitovich doctor PhD, associate professor of the department "Soil Science and
Agrochemistry", Kazakh National Agrarian Univ
ersity, Almaty, e-mail: [email protected]
Seitkali Nurzihan doctor PhD of the department
"Soil Science and Agrochemistry", Kazakh National
Agrarian University, Almaty, e-mail: [email protected]
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 87 94
I. I. Temreshev
, I. N. Sagit
RSE "Institute of Zoology"of theCommittee of
Science of MES RK, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
LLP "Kazakh SRI of Plant Pr
otection and Quarantine named after Zh. Zhiembayev"
of the Ministry of Agriculture of Repub
lic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
Kazakh national agrarian univ
ersity, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
LEAFHOPPERS,TREEHOPP
Abstract.
The fauna of the leafhoppers, treehoppersand
spittlebugs (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha) damages
soybean in the fields of fodder crops of Bayserke Agro LLP of Panfilov district and Kaskelenskoe LLP of the
Karasai district of the Almaty region. In all 10 species
and 8 genera from 3 families (Aphrophoridae, Cicadellidae
and Membracidae) noted. The greatest number of species
belongs to the family Cicadellidae - 8 species, to Mem-
bracidae and Aphrophoridae bel
ongs to one species. The genus
Agallia
and the genus
Macrosteles
of the family
Cicadellidaeare represented by 2 species
each, all the other genus of all fam
ilies include one speci
cies are polyphage pests of agriculture,
ɊȺȼНОКɊЫЛЫȿ
ɏОȻОɌНЫȿ
ȼОɋɌОКȿ
КȺЗȺɏɋɌȺН
Изɭчɟнɚ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɯ
ɯоɛоɬныɯ
(Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha),
ɜɪɟɞящиɯ
поляɯ
коɪмоɜыɯ
ȻɚйɫɟɪкɟȺɝɪо
Пɚнɮилоɜɫкоɝо
ɪɚйонɚ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɪɚйонɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
оɛлɚɫɬи
ɛыло
оɬмɟчɟно
10
ɜиɞоɜ
8
ɪоɞоɜ
3

Пɟнницы
(Aphro-
phoridae),
(Cicadellidae)
Ƚоɪɛɚɬки
(Membracidae).
Нɚиɛольшɟɟ
ɜиɞоɜ
оɬноɫиɬɫя
Cicadellidae 8
ɜиɞоɜ
Membracidae
Aphrophoridae
пɪинɚɞлɟжиɬ
оɞномɭ
ɜиɞɭ
Ɋоɞ
Agallia
Macro-
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
Cicadellidae
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜлɟны
2-
ɜиɞɚми
оɫɬɚльныɟ
ɪоɞɚ
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜ
ɜключɚюɬ
оɞномɭ
оɛнɚɪɭжɟнныɟ
яɜляюɬɫя
мноɝояɞными
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟлями
ɫɟльɫкоɝо
ɯозяйɫɬ
поɜɪɟжɞɚющими
ɪɚзнооɛɪɚзныɟ
зɟɪноɜыɟ
зɟɪноɛоɛоɜыɟ
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
плоɞоɜо
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
нɚиɛольшɟɟ
Linnaeus, 1758,
Kyboascabi-
punctata
(Oshanin, 1871)
Cicadellidae,
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke, 1977
Membracidae.
они
оɬмɟчɟны
поɫɟɜɚɯ
количɟɫɬɜɟ
экономичɟɫкий
ɭщɟɪɛ
ɜыɫɚɫыɜɚя
ɪɚɫɬɟния
зɚноɫя
ɮиɬопɚɬоɝɟннɭю
инɮɟкцию
ɜɪɟжɞɟния
ɜиɞоɜ
очɟнь
нɟзнɚчиɬɟльной
они
ɯозяйɫɬɜɟнноɟ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɬолько
ɜɫпышки
мɚɫɫоɜоɝо
ɪɚзмножɟния
пɟɫɬициɞоɜ
яɞоɯимикɚɬоɜ
ɪɚзɪɟшɟнныɯ
пɪимɟнɟнию
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪии
ɫоɫɭщиɯ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɯ
ɯоɛоɬныɯ
зɚɪɟɝиɫɬɪиɪоɜɚны
ɬолько
ɯимичɟɫкиɟ
ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ɜɪɟмя
ɫɜязи
ɝлоɛɚльным
ɫпɪоɫɚ
пɪоɞɭкцию
ɯозяйɫɬɜɚ
оɛɯоɞимо
пɪоɜоɞиɬь
поиɫк
ноɜыɯ
оɝɪɚничɟния
ɜɪɟɞныɯ
оɪɝɚнизмоɜ
Оɞним
иɫкɭɫɫɬɜɟнноɟ
ɪɚзɜɟɞɟниɟ
поляɯ
коɪмоɜыɯ
ɬом
пɟɪɟпончɚɬо
нɟкоɬоɪыɟ
коɬоɪыɯ
яɜляюɬɫя
энɬомоɮɚɝɚми
цикɚɞок
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
ɫоɫɭщиɯ
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟлɟй
Ключɟɜыɟɫлоɜɚ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɟ
, Hemiptera, Auchenorhyncha,
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
цикɚɞоɜыɟ
(Auchenorrhyncha)
(Hemiptera).
ɮɚɭнɟ
40 000
Нɚɫɟкомыɟ
ɫɪɟɞнɟɝо
ɬɟлɚ
1,8
38
кɪɭпнɟй
Fulgoralaternaria
кɪыльɟɜ
13
Ɋɚɫпɪоɫɬɪɚнɟны
ɜɫɟɫɜɟɬно
Пиɬɚюɬɫя
ɫокɚми
ɪɚɫɬɟний
Оɬɞɟльныɟ
зɜɭки
пɟɜчиɟ
цикɚɞы
Cicadidae)
Оɫноɜɚниɟ
члɟникоɜоɝо
оɫноɜɚния
2-
ɝɪɭппы
-
поɞоɝнɭɬ
6
ɫильныɯ
пɟɪɟɞняя
оɬличɚɟɬɫя
шиɪокими
ɫнɚɛжɟнными
ɫɪɟɞняя

ляжкɚми
ɛольшинɫɬɜɚ
ɭɞлинɟннɚя
Ƚолɟни
цилинɞɪичɟɫкой
ɮоɪмы
Имɟɟɬɫя
2
ɞлиннɚя
жɟɫɬкɚя
ɪиɫɭнкɚ
зɚɜиɫиɬ
Личинки
мɚло
-
3-5
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɭюɬ
1-
члɟниɫɬыми
лɚпкɚми
очɟнь
ɬолɫɬыɟ
ɝлɚɞкой
кɭɬикɭлой
ɛɟɞɪɚ
ɝолɟни
пɟɪɟɞниɯ
конɟчноɫɬɟй
ɫнɚɛжɟны
мощными
пɪиɫпоɫоɛлɟны
ɫɜязɚно
ɫɪɟɞы
ɭɞɚлɟнной
чɚɫɬь
ɫɬɟɛлɟй
коɪнɟɜɚя
ɫиɫɬɟмɚ
нимɮы
зɚɜиɫиɬ
ɜозɪɚɫɬɚ
ɛɟлоɜɚɬоɝо
ɜɫɬɪɟчɚюɬɫя
ɞɪɭɝоɝо
полоɫɚми
оɬклɚɞыɜɚюɬ
оɫɟнью
мяɝкɭю
ɫɬɟɛлɟй
пɪикоɪнɟɜɭю
зɚɜиɫимоɫɬи
ɜиɞɚ
30-40
пояɜляюɬɫя
Они
ɫɬɚɞий
линьки
4-5
Зимɭющɟй
ɫɬɚɞиɟй
ɜиɞоɜ
яɜляюɬɫя
яйцɚ
личинки
пɟɪɟзимоɜɚɜшиɟ
нимɮы
окɪыляɬьɫя
ɫɬɚɞию
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
Яйцɚ
оɬклɚɞыɜɚюɬ
ɫɚмки
ɪɚзныɯ
ɝɟнɟ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
2-3
ɜɫɬɪɟчɚюɬɫя
ɪɚзныɯ
ɜозɪɚɫɬоɜ
ɜзɪоɫлыɟ
ɫɟльɫкоɝо
ɭчиɬыɜɚя
ɪɚɫɬɟния
личинки
ɞоɫɬɚɬочно
зɟɪноɜыɟ
кɭльɬɭɪы
чɚɫɬь
ɛоɛоɜыɟ
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
ɛɚɯчɟɜыɟ
кɭльɬɭɪы
яɝоɞныɟ
кɭльɬɭɪы
ɭɫɭɝɭɛляɟɬɫя
ɟщɟ
нɚɫɟкомыɟ
ɜыɞɟляюɬ
ɫлɚɞкиɟ
зɚɝɪязняющиɟ
лиɫɬья
ɞɪɭɝиɟ
оɪɝɚны
ɛлɚɝопɪияɬнɭю
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɪɚɫɬɟнияɯ
оɛɪɚзɭɟɬɫя
нɚлɟɬ
ɜиɪɭɫныɯ
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
зɚɛолɟɜɚний
ɪɚɫɬɟний
[1-13, 15].
изɭчɟниɟ
ɫоɫɬɚɜɚ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɯ

Ⱥлмɚ
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜляɟɬ
ɛольшой
нɚɭчно
пɪɚкɬичɟɫкий
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Мɚɬɟɪиɚл
мɟɬоɞы
Оɫноɜой
ɪɚɛоɬы
поɫлɭжили
ɫɞɟлɚнныɟ
2015-2017
кɭльɬɭɪ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкɚя
Пɚн
Ȼɚйɫɟɪкɟ
ȻɚйɫɟɪкɟȺɝɪо
Кɚɪɚɫɚйɫкий
Кɚɫкɟлɟнɫкоɟ
ɜыполнɟния
мɟɬоɞоɜ
ɭɪожɚйноɫɬи
кɭльɬɭɪ
кɭкɭɪɭзɚ
ɬɪиɬикɚлɟ
).
поɞзɚɞɚч
изɭчɚлиɫь
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟли
кɭльɬɭɪ
энɬомоɮɚɝи
ɜыяɜлɟны
ɯоɛоɬныɯ
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
чиɫлɟнноɫɬи
ɜиɞоɜомɭ
ɯоɛоɬныɯ
полɭчɚли
ɫɬɚн
энɬомолоɝичɟɫким
25
4-
плоɬноɫɬи
зɚɫɟлɟния
ɪɚɫɬɟний
ɜыɞɟляли
5-10
иɞɟнɬиɮикɚции
ɜиɞоɜ
инɮоɪмɚции
иɫпользоɜɚлиɫь
ɫпиɫкɚ
лиɬɟɪɚɬɭɪы
[1-13, 15].
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚния
пɪоɜɟɞɟнныɯ
оɛɫлɟɞоɜɚний
кɭльɬɭɪ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
поɪɚɜнокɪылым
нɟɫкольким
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚм
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜлɟны
ɪиɫɭнки
1-4).
ɜыяɜлɟнныɯ
нижɟ
Hemiptera Linnaeus, 1758 (Rhynchota Burmeister, 1835)
Полɭжɟɫɬкокɪылыɟ
Auchenorrhyncha Dumeril, 1806
цикɚɞоɜыɟ
ɋɟмɟйɫɬɜо
Aphrophoridae Amyot&A
ɜиɪɭɫ
зимɭющ
ɪɚɫɬиɬɟл
ɬɪɚɜяниɫ
ɛɭɪɚ
Зимɭюɬ
лиɫɬьɟɜ


ɞыɜɚниɟ
ɝɭɛиɬɟль
ɫɬɜолɚ
зɟлɟныɯ
Южнɚя
ɚционɚльн
iavenosa
Зимɭюɬ
иɫɬɭпɚюɬ

ɚɜɝɭɫ
ныɯ
шɟницɟ
ɟноɜыɯ
йцɚ
лɟɜɟɪɚ
концɟ
пɟɪɟноɫиɬ
ниɫɬыɯ
нник
ɪɭɝиɟ

ɜнɭɬɪь
зɜɚɬь
ɞɟйɫɬɜɭ
молоɞыɯ
Шиɪоко
ascabipunc
ɫɜɟклɭ

лиɫɬоɜыɟ
яɬнышɟк
ȼоɫɬочнɚ
ɋɪɟɞн

osteleslaevi
оɛɪɚзом
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
ourcroy, 1
ɫɬьɟɜ

оɬклɚɞыɜ
ɫɭɯиɯ
-
клɟɜɟɪ
ɚɫномɭ
цɟɪны


innaeus, 1
ɜиɪɭɫныɟ
ɫɬɟнияɯ
ɟɪɟɜьɟɜ
июня
чный
,
поɪоɞы
ɟɪɟшки
(Ribaut, 1
кɭл
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛ
85) -
илкɟ



1776) -
юцɟɪнɭ



оɪожникɚ
ɋпɚɪиɜɚн
ɟɬɪопичɟɫ
58 -
ɚɛолɟɜɚни
ɯɚɪник
ɜɟль
мимо
яɛлоня
ɫɬɟɛлɟй
ɚɞки
кɭɫɬɚɪник


мɚɫɫоɜы
ɭнок
2
Цик
n, 1871) -
ɜыз


ɬɭɪы
-
ики
Кɚзɚɯɫ
оɜɚɬɚя
люцɟɪны
пɟɪцɚ

Лɟɬнɟɟ
личинки







Пиɬɚɟɬɫя
нɟкоɬоɪ



ɪɟноɫчико



ɜɝɭɫɬɟ

Ⱦɜɭɬочɟчн
ɭюɬ
чɚɫɬи
ницɭ

ɛɚкɚ
ɫɜɟк
полниɬɟль
ɞɟɪжɚɬɫя
ничном
ɚнный
Пɟɪɟноɫ
клɟɜɟɪɚ
иɜɚюɬɫя
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
-

ɚɪɭнɞо

ольɯɚ
,
2

icadellaviridis

кɭкɭɪɭ

ɭколоɜ
,
цикоɪи
нижнɟм
ичɟɫɬɜɟ
ɜиɪɭɫн
зɟмляники
ɜяниɫɬыɯ
ɭɫɬɟ
ɞиничном


ɪɚɫɬиɬɟль
ɫлиɜ
ɭкɬоɜыɯ
ɭлɭнной
ɜиɞ
(L.)
ɯлопчɚɬ
нɚɫɟком
кɭкɭɪɭз
изɜɟɫɬɟ

злɚкоɜ
моло
ɭɫɟ
ɪɚɫɬɟн


зɚɛолɟɜɚ
1

количɟɫɬɜɟ
ɜыɫɚɫыɜ
нɭм
можɟ

ɪɟɜьɟɜ
Wells
ɭюɬ
ɫɬɟɛли
зɚɜɟзɟнɚ
яɛлон
лиɫɬь
ɟлоɜɚɬыɯ
Ɋɚɫпɪо
кɚз
ɟɪɟноɫиɬ
2
зɟлɟни
-
ɫɪɟɞи
ɭкɪопɭ
-
пɚзɭɯɚɯ
кɪылɟниɟ
ɪɚнɟнный

пиɬɚɬьɫя
льнɟйшɟм
tal., 1987,


I
ɚзличныɯ
ɋɟɜɟɪнɭю
нижнɟй
ɫɜɟɬло

ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ɝоɪоɯ
ɭкɪоп
ɬɚкжɟ
люпин
кɭльɬɭɪ
оɫоɛɟнно
ɫɬолоɜой
ɫɜɟклɟ
кɚпɭɫɬɟ
оɝɭɪцɚм
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪнɚ
изɪɟжɟнноɫɬь
ɫлɚɛɚя
кɭɫɬиɫɬоɫɬь
ɭɫыɯɚниɟ
лиɫɬьɟɜ
ɜɟɪɯɭшки
пяɬниɫɬоɫɬи
ɭколɚ
ɜиɪɭɫɚ
ɫɬолɛɭɪɚ
позɟлɟнɟния
цɜɟɬоɜ
жɟлɬɭɯи
Ɋɚзɜиɜɚɟɬɫя
2
поколɟнияɯ
ɫɟɜɟ
5
юɝɟ
Зимɭюɬ
яйцɚ
ɫɬɟɛлɟй
оɬɪожɞɚюɬɫя
Поɜɪɟжɞɟнныɟ
ɫɬɚноɜяɬɫя
ɜялыми
лиɫɬья
жɟлɬɭю
зɟлɟноɜɚɬо
ɛɭɪɭю
поɞɫыɯɚюɬ
ɫкɪɭчиɜɚюɬɫя
ɝлɚɜной
ɜиɞ
зɚɜɟзɟнɚ
ɋɟɜɟɪнɭю
Ⱥмɟɪикɭ
ɟɞиничном
количɟɫɬɜɟ
Macrostelescristatu s
(Ribaut, 1927) -
Ƚɪɟɛɟнчɚɬɚя
цикɚɞкɚ
Полиɮɚɝ
кɚɪɬоɮɟль
ɫɚɯɚɪнɭю
ɪожь
пшɟницɭ
ɞɪɭɝиɟ
кɭльɬɭɪы
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟн
ɛиоɬопоɜ
зɚɫɟляɟɬ
пɪɟимɭщɟɫɬɜɟнно
ɫɭɯиɟ
злɚкɚɯ
ɫложноцɜɟɬныɟ
злɚки
ɫɟзонɚ
2
Яйцɚ
зимɭюɬ
оɞɭɜɚнчикɚ
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
Личинки
5
ɜозɪɚɫɬɚ
миɝɪиɪɭюɬ
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
Поɫлɟ
мɚɫɫоɜɚя
цикɚɞок
личинок
2-
нɚчинɚɟɬɫя
Шиɪоко
ɜнɟɬɪопичɟɫкой
ɜиɞ
зɚɜɟзɟнɚ
ɋɟɜɟɪнɭю
ɟɞиничном
чɟɫɬɜɟ
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke, 1977 -
ɛизонья
ɛɭйɜол
Нɚзɜɚниɟ
полɭчилɚ
ɞɜɭɯ
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟль
ɜыɫɚɫыɜɚɟɬ
ɪɚɫɬɟний
ɜиɪɭɫныɟ
знɚчиɬɟльно
поɜɪɟжɞɚɟɬ
ɞɟɪɟɜья
-
ɫлиɜɭ
ɞикоɪɚɫɬɭщиɯ
яɫɟнь
пиɬɚюɬɫя
ɬɪɚɜяниɫɬыɯ
ɝоɪоɯɚ
моɪкоɜи
чиɫлɟ
ɝоɞɭ
1
поколɟниɟ
Зимɭюɬ
оɬложɟнныɟ
оɫɟнью
ɜɟɬɜи
4-6
ɪɟжɟ
ɫɬɜолы
Пɪи
ɞɟлɚɟɬ
пɚɪныɟ
пɪоɞольныɟ
чɚɫɬично
ɜиɞɟ
кɪɭɝлыɯ
нɚɞɪɟзы
ɫлиɜɚюɬɫя
оɛɪɚзɭя
ɪɚнɭ
поɜɪɟжɞɟнныɯ
ɜыɞɟляɟɬɫя
кɚмɟɞь
нɚɞɪɟзы
ɛолɟзнɟɬɜоɪныɟ
Оɬклɚɞыɜɚɟɬ
жиɜыɟ
ɫокоɞɜижɟниɟ
ɜɟɬɜяɯ
нɚɪɭшɚɟɬɫя
ɞɟɪɟɜья
ɫлɚɛɟюɬ
ɝиɛнɭɬ
(20-100
оɬɪожɞɚюɬɫя
ɬɟчɟниɟ
ɫɞɭɜɚюɬɫя
ɞɚльшɟ
1-2
ɜозɪɚɫɬоɜ
ɜижныɟ
пиɬɚюɬɫя
ɬɪɚɜяниɫɬыɯ
кɭльɬɭɪныɯ
пɪɟɞпочиɬɚя
ɜлɚжныɟ
зɚɬɟнɟнныɟ
мɟɫɬɚ
личинки
ɫɬɚɪшиɯ
ɛолɟɟ
ɫɜɟɬолюɛиɜы
5
ɜозɪɚɫɬоɜ
полноɫɬью
1-
ɚɜɝɭɫɬɚ
нɚчинɚɟɬɫя
июля
Имɚɝо
личинки
ɪɚɫɬиɬɟльноɫɬи
нɚчинɚɟɬɫя
ɚɜɝɭɫɬɟ
чɟɝо
оɫоɛи
зɚɜɟзɟн
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Ɋиɫɭнок
3
Ȼоɞɭшкɚ
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke
Ɋиɫɭнок
4
Ȼоɛы
ɛоɞɭшкой
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke
ɜиɪɭɫным
Ɋɚɫпɪоɫɬɪɚнɟниɟ
оɯɜɚɬыɜɚɟɬ
ɪɚɫшиɪяɬɫя
Оɛɫɭжɞɟниɟ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬоɜ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
ɛыло
10
8
3
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚм
Membracidae, Cicadellidae
Aphrophoridae.
Нɚиɛольшɟɟ
чиɫло
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɭ
Cicadellidae 8
ɜиɞоɜ
Mem-
Aphrophoridae
пɪинɚɞлɟжиɬ
оɞномɭ
Macrosteles
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜлɟны
2-
ɜиɞɚми
кɚжɞый
оɫɬɚльныɟ
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜ
оɞномɭ
оɛнɚɪɭжɟнныɟ
ɜиɞы
яɜляюɬɫя
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟлями
ɫɟльɫкоɝо
поɜɪɟжɞɚющими
плоɞоɜо
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
кɭльɬɭɪы
знɚчɟниɟ
зɟлɟнɚя
Linnaeus, 1758,
ɞɜɭɬочɟчнɚя
Kyboascabipunctata
(Oshanin, 1871)
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
Cicadellidae,
ɛоɞɭшкɚ
ɛɭйɜол
Stictocephalabisonia
Kopp&Yonke, 1977
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
Membracidae.
ɛольшом
нɚнɟɫɬи
ɫɟɪьɟзный
ɭщɟɪɛ
ɜыɫɚɫыɜɚя
оɫлɚɛляя
ɬɚк
ɜоɪоɬɚ
поɜɪɟжɞɟния
Чиɫлɟнноɫɬь
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
моɝɭɬ
ощɭɬимоɟ
знɚчɟниɟ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɫлɭчɚɟ
ɜɫпышки
мɚɫɫоɜоɝо
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
ɜыɫокоɟ
ɜиɞоɜоɟ
ɜɪɟɞныɯ
ɪɚɜнокɪылыɯ
Ȼольшинɫɬɜо
знɚчɟния
3
ɜызɜɚɬь
ɞоɫɬɚɬочно
ɛольшиɟ
ɭɪожɚя
Зɚɪɚжɟнноɫɬь
ɫои
ɜиɪɭɫными
ɛолɟзнями
ɫɟмɟноɜоɞчɟɫкиɯ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
оɬɞɟльныɟ
ɞоɫɬиɝɚɟɬ
46 %,
ɭɪожɚя
зɟɪнɚ
6,7
ɫнижɚюɬɫя
32 %,
ɜɫɯожɟɫɬь
34 %
12 %.
ɋпиɫкɟ
) [14],
ɪɚзɪɟшɟнныɯ
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
ɫоɫɭщиɯ
ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
нɚɫɬоящɟɟ
ɫɜязи
ɭɜɟличɟниɟм
оɪɝɚничɟɫкɭю
ɞɭкцию
пɭɬɟй
чиɫлɟнноɫɬи
ɞɚльнɟɝо
зɚɪɭɛɟжья
поɞоɛныɟ
ɭжɟ

[17-20].
Оɞним
можɟɬ
иɫкɭɫɫɬɜɟнноɟ
ɪɚзɜɟɞɟниɟ
кɭльɬɭɪ
жɚлящиɯ
пɟɪɟпончɚɬокɪылыɯ
ɜиɞы
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
ɫоɫɭщиɯ
ɜɪɟɞиɬɟлɟй
Экɫпɟɪимɟнɬ
кɭльɬɭɪ
ɍНПЦ
ȻɚйɫɟɪкɟȺɝɪо
ɞɚл
положиɬɟльный
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬ
[16].
нɭжно
ɪɚзɪɚɛɚɬыɜɚɬь
ɞɪɭɝиɟ
пɭɬи
конɬɪоля
чиɫлɟнноɫɬи
ɞɚльнɟйшиɯ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚний
Иɫɬочник
ɮинɚнɫиɪоɜɚния
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚний
ɜыполнɟния
ɛюɞжɟɬной
пɪоɝɪɚммɟ
217
нɚɭки
101
ɫɭɛъɟкɬоɜ
нɚɭчной
нɚɭчно
ɬɟɯничɟɫкой
Нɚɭкɚ
НɌП
0206/
ПЦɎ
Инноɜɚционноɟ
нɚɭчно
оɛɟɫпɟчɟниɟ
ɛɟзопɚɫноɫɬи
Ɋɟɫпɭɛликɟ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
кɚлɟнɞɚɪноɝо
плɚнɚ
Ɋɚзɪɚɛоɬкɚ
ɜнɟɞɪɟниɟ
инноɜɚционныɯ
ɛɟзɜɪɟɞныɯ
зɚщиɬы
.
[1]
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
чɚɫɬи
. I:
Низшиɟ
ɞɪɟɜнɟкɪылыɟ
нɟполным
пɪɟɜɪɚщɟниɟм
/
.:
Нɚɭкɚ
, 1964. 936
[2]
жиɜоɬныɟ
ɋɪɟɞнɟй
/
ɋоɫɬɚɜиɬɟли
.,
Ȼоɪɯɫɟниɭɫ
.,
.
.:
, 1949. 404
[3]
ȿмɟльяноɜ
Пищɟɜɚя
(Auchenorrhyncha)
мɚɬɟɪиɚлɟ
//
жɭɪнɚл
. XLIII.
ȼып
., 1964.
. 1000-1009.
[4]
Кɭɪɫ
энɬомолоɝии
. M.:
Колоɫ
, 2001. 376 c.
[5]
Кɚмɛɭлин
Ⱥɬлɚɫ
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
поɜɪɟжɞɚющиɯ
мноɝолɟɬниɟ
ɬɪɚɜы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɟ
Ⱥɫɬɚнɚ
ɬɟльɫɬɜо
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
ɚɝɪоɬɟɯничɟɫкоɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
ɋɟйɮɭллинɚ
, 2015. 80
[6]
Кɚмɛɭлин
Ɏиɬоɮɚɝи
коɪмоɜыɯ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
Ɏиɬоɮɚɝи
коɪмоɜыɯ
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
моɬылькоɜыɯ
Ⱥɫɬɚнɚ
Изɞɚɬɟльɫɬɜо
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
ɋɟйɮɭлли
, 2015. 126
[7]
Кɚмɛɭлин
Ɏиɬоɮɚɝи
коɪмоɜыɯ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
Ɏиɬоɮɚɝи
коɪмоɜыɯ
ɫɟмɟйɫɬɜɚ
мяɬликоɜыɯ
).
Изɞɚɬɟльɫɬɜо
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
ɚɝɪоɬɟɯничɟɫкоɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
ɋɟйɮɭлли
, 2015. 260
[8]
Иɫмɭɯɚмɛɟɬоɜ
Кɚмɛɭлин
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
клɟщɟй
ɞɚющиɯ
оɜощныɟ
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɟ
кɭльɬɭɪы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɟ
//
Ɍɪɭɞы
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚɭчно
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚɬɟльɫкоɝо
инɫɬиɬɭɬɚ
ɪɚɫɬɟний
.
Ⱥɬɚ
, 1975.
. 162-193.
[9]
Миɬяɟɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
(Homoptera, Cicadinea):
Ⱥɬɚ
Нɚɭкɚ
, 1971. 212
[10]

ɜɪɟɞиɬɟли
ɫɟльɫкоɯозяйɫɬɜɟнныɯ
кɭльɬɭɪ
Нɚɫɟкомыɟ
нɟполным
/
Кɪыжɚноɜɫкоɝо
.:
Нɚɭкɚ
, 1974. 324
[11]
Мɟɬоɞикɚ
изɭчɟния
ɮɚɭны
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
.
ȼоɪонɟж
изɞ
, 1970. 188
[12]
ɋпɪɚɜочник
ɪɚɫɬɟний
/
Нɭɪмɭɪɚɬоɜɚ

Ⱥɬɚ
1983. 184
[13]
ɋпɪɚɜочник
зɚщиɬɟ
Поɞ
ɪɟɞ
ɋɚɝиɬоɜɚ
Иɫмɭɯɚмɛɟɬоɜɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Ɋонɞ
, 2004. 320
[14]
ɋпɪɚɜочник
ɪɚзɪɟшɟнныɯ
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
.
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Ɋɟклɚмноɟ
ɚɝɟнɬɫɬɜо
ȺНȿɋ
, 2012. 204
[15]
Ɍɟмɪɟшɟɜ
ȿɫɟнɛɟкоɜɚ
.,
Мɭɯɚмɚɞиɟɜ
.,
ɋɚɪɫɟнɛɚɟɜɚ
Кɪɚɬкий
ɚɬлɚɫ
опɪɟɞɟлиɬɟль
нɚɫɟкомыɯ
коɪмоɜыɯ
кɭльɬɭɪ
ȼоɫɬокɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
ɋɚɝиɬоɜɚ
.
Нɭɪ
, 2017. 117
[16]
ȿɫɟнɛɟкоɜɚ
Мɭɯɚмɚɞиɟɜ
жɚлящиɯ
энɬомоɮɚɝоɜ
коɪмоɜыɯ
кɭльɬɭɪ
.
, 2017. 29
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
[17] Costamagna A.C., Landis D.A. Pred
ators exert top-down control of soybean aphid across a gradient of agricultural
management systems // Ecol
ogical Applications. 2006.
Vol. 16. P. 1619-1628.
[18] Costamagna A.C., Mc Cornack B.P., Ragsdale D.W. De
velopment and validation of node
-based sample units for esti-
mating soybean aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) densities in field
cage experiments // Journal of Economic Entomology. 2010.
Vol. 103. P. 1483-1492.
[19] Hodgson E.W., McCornack B.P., Tilmon K., Knodel
J.J. Management
Recommendations for Soybean Aphid
(Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the United States
// Journal of integrated pest manage
ment. 2012. Vol. 3, N 1. P. 1-10.
[20] Nielson C., Hajek A.E. Cont
rol of invasive soybean aphid,
(Hemiptera: Aphidi
dae), populations by
existing natural enemies in New York St
ate, with emphasis on entomopathogenic f
ungi // Environmental Entomology. 2005.
Vol. 34. P. 1036-1047.
ɋɚɝиɬ
Зоолоɝия
инɫɬиɬɭɬы
Ⱥɭыл
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
миниɫɬɪіліɝінің
өɫімɞік
қоɪғɚɭ
кɚɪɚнɬин
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
инɫɬиɬɭɬы
Ⱥлмɚɬы
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
Ⱥлмɚɬы
ҚȺЗȺҚɋɌȺН
ɊȿɋПɍȻЛИКȺɋЫНЫҢ
ОҢɌԚɋɌІК
ҚЫɌȺЙȻԜɊШȺҚ

ɌȿҢҚȺНȺɌɌЫЛȺɊ
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
оɛлыɫының
Пɚнɮилоɜ
Ⱥɝɪо
ɚзықɬық
ɟɝіɫɬіɝінɞɟɝі
кɟлɬіɪɟɬін
ɬԝмɫықɬылɚɪ
(Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha)
зɟɪɬɬɟлɞі
Ȼɚɪлығы
3
ɬԝқымɞɚɫɬың
10
ɬԛɪі
8
(Aphrophoridae),
Цикɚɞкɚлɚɪ
(Cicadellidae)
(Membracidae).
Ɍԛɪлɟɪɞің
8
Cicadellidae
, Membracidae
Aphrophoridae
ɛіɪ
ɬԛɪɞɟн
. Cicadellidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫының
Agallia
2
ɬԝқымɞɚɫɬɚɪ
ɛіɪ
ɛіɪ
ɬԛɪɞɟн
Ȼɚɪлық
əɪɬԛɪлі
мɚлɚзықɬы
ɬɟɯникɚлық
ɞɚқылɞɚɪɞы
зɚқымɞɚйɬын
шɚɪɭɚшылығының
көпқоɪɟкɬі
Олɚɪɞың
Cicadellidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫынɚн
Cicadella viridis
Linnaeus, 1758,
Kyboasca bipunctata
(Oshanin, 1871)
жəнɟ
Membracidae
ɬԝқымɞɚɫынɚн
Stictocephala bisonia
Kopp & Yonke, 1977.
Олɚɪɞың
ɚɪқылы
өɫімɞікɬі
əлɫіɪɟɬіп
зɚқымɞɚғɚн
жɟɪлɟɪі
ɚɪқылы
ɮиɬопɚɬоɝɟнɞі
экономикɚлық
ɬԛɪлɟɪɞің
мөлшɟɪі
ɛолмɚɞы
өнɞіɪіɫі
ԛшін
шɚɪɭɚшылықɬық
мɚңызɞылығы
ɪɟɫпɭɛликɚɫы
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪияɫынɞɚ
қолɞɚнɭғɚ
ɪԝқɫɚɬ
ɯимикɚɬɬɚɪ
зиянкɟɫɬɟɪ
ɫоның
ішінɞɟ
ɬԝмɫықɬылɚɪғɚ
ɬɟк
ɯимиялық
пɪɟпɚɪɚɬɬɚɪ
Қɚзіɪɝі
ɚɭылшɚɪɭɚшылығының
оɪɝɚникɚлық
өнімɞɟɪінɟ
ɫԝɪɚныɫɬың
жɚһɚнɞық
ԝлғɚюынɚ
мөлшɟɪін
шɟкɬɟɭɞің
жолɞɚɪын
ізɞɟɫɬіɪɭɞің
жолы
мɚл
ɞɚқылɞɚɪ
оның
шɚғɚɬын
жɚɪғɚқ
өɫіɪɭ
ɛɚɫқɚɞɚ
энɬомоɮɚɝ
ɛолып
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
Ɍԛйін
қɚнɚɬɬылɚɪ
, Hemiptera, Auchenorhyncha,
қыɬɚйɛԝɪшɚқ
ɚɜɬоɪɚɯ
Ɍɟмɪɟшɟɜ
Изɛɚɫɚɪ

ɫɬɚɪший
ɫоɬɪɭɞник
оɬɞɟлɚ
энɬомолоɝии
Инɫɬиɬɭɬ
МОН
ɛиолоɝичɟɫкиɯ
, [email protected]
Ⱥɝɟнко
Ⱥнɞɪɟй
ȼикɬоɪоɜич

ɫоɬɪɭɞник
кɚɪɚнɬинɚ
ɪɚɫɬɟний
.
, PhD-
ɞокɬоɪɚнɬ
, [email protected]
Иɫлɚмɛɟк

Ⱥɝɪоɛиолоɝичɟɫкоɝо
ɮɚкɭльɬɟɬɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
Нɚционɚльноɝо
Ⱥɝɪɚɪноɝо
ɍниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
, [email protected]
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 95 98
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Кɪомɟ
эɬоɝо
нɟоɛɯоɞимоɫɬь
ɪɟɝионɟ
ɯозяйɫɬɜɟ
ɪɚционɚльныɯ
ɫиɫɬɟм
зɟмлɟɞɟлия
оɫноɜɟ
ɞоɫɬоɜɟɪныɯ
ɫɜɟɞɟнии
количɟɫɬɜɟ
зɟмɟль
эɬой
поɫɬоянно
пɪоɜоɞиɬɫя
почɜɟнныɟ
ɝɟоɛоɬɚничɟɫкоɟ
оɛɫлɟɞоɜɚния
кɚчɟɫɬɜɟннɚя
ɪиɫɬики
зɟмɟль
кɚɞɚɫɬɪоɜɚя
оцɟнкɚ
мониɬоɪинɝ
зɟмɟль
оɫноɜɚ
ɞолжнɚ
ɫɬɪоиɬ
мɟɪопɪияɬий
ɪɚционɚльномɭ
иɫпользоɜɚнию
оɯɪɚнɟ
ɛɚзиɪɭющиɯɫя
пɪи
ɪоɞно
ɫоциɚльно
экономичɟɫкиɟ
ɭɫлоɜия
Поɫлɟɞнɟɟ
нɚчɚɬɚ
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬкɚ
комплɟкɫ
мɟɪопɪияɬий
ɭкɪɭпнɟниɟм
кɪɟɫɬьянɫкиɯ
ɯозяйɫɬɜ
ɯозяйɫɬɜо
Ɍɚкɚя
ɛɭɞɟɬ
ɫпоɫоɛɫɬɜоɜɚɬь
ɭɫпɟшномɭ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
ɪɚционɚльномɭ
иɫпользоɜɚнию
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɫозɞɚɬь
ɬɟɪɪиɬоɪиɚльнɭю
оɫноɜɭ
коопɟɪɚɬиɜоɜ
оɛлɟɝчиɬь
пɪоцɟɫɫ
инжɟнɟɪной
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɟнной
ɫоциɚльной
инɮɪɚɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪы
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
мɟɪопɪияɬий
позɜоляɟɬ
ɪɚционɚльно
иɫпользоɜɚɬь
имɟющиɟɫя
ɪɟɫɭɪɫы
ɫпоɫоɛɫɬɜоɜɚɬь
ɭɫпɟшномɭ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлɟнию
зɟмɟльной
ɪɟɮоɪмы
ɫлоɜɚ
зɟмɟльныɟ
зɟмлɟпользоɜɚния
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬь
ɪɚционɚль
ноɫɬь
зɟмɟльныɟ
оɬношɟния
ɫиɫɬɟмɚɬичɟɫкоɝо
нɚɛлюɞɟния
ɫоɫɬояниɟм
зɟмɟльноɝо
Миниɫɬɟɪɫɬɜɚ
30.09.1993
ɭɬɜɟɪжɞɟнии
Положɟния
зɟмɟль
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
зɚɞɚчи
ɭпоɪяɞочɟн
ɜɚжнɟйшиɯ
оɪɝɚнизɚционно
[1-3].
ɛольшой
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
оɪɝɚнизɚция
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟль
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
изɭчɟния
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнноɝо
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
зɚнимɚɬьɫя
ɜопɪоɫɚми
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟль
пользоɜɚниɟм
ɫоɫɬояниɟм
зɟмɟль
зɚщиɬой
зɟмɟльныɯ
зɟмɟльноɝо
кɪɚйнɟ
полɭчɚɟмɚя
изыɫкɚнияɯ
иɫчɟɪпыɜɚющɚя
инɮоɪмɚция
зɟмлɟ
нɭжɞɚɟɬɫя
ɝɪɭппɚ
нɟпоɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟнныɯ
поɬɟнциɚльныɯ
ɭчɚɫɬникоɜ
ɫɭɛъɟкɬоɜ
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнныɟ
оɛщɟɫɬɜɟнныɟ
пɪɟɞпɪияɬия
оɬɞɟльныɟ
ɝɪɚжɞɚнɟ
мɚɬɟɪиɚлы
ɫɬɚɬьɟ
мɟɬоɞолоɝичɟɫкой
оɫноɜой
яɜляɟɬɫя
пользоɜɚниɟ
иɫɬоɪичɟɫкиɯ
ɚɛɫɬɪɚкɬно
лоɝичɟɫкиɯ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚɬɟльɫкиɯ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚния
яɜилиɫь
зɟмɟльныɟ
оɬношɟния
ɭпɪɚɜлɟнии
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльными
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
оɫноɜɭ
нɚɭчноɝо
ɬɪɭɞы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɫкиɯ
ɭчɟныɯ
поɫлɟɞниɟ
ɝоɞы
ɫɬɚɬичɟɫкиɟ
Коми
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
Нɚционɚльной
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
ɞɪɭɝиɟ
ɮɚкɬичɟɫкиɟ
ɞɚнныɟ
зɟмɟльным
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚм
Ⱦиɫкɭɫɫия
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬы
ɜɯожɞɟниɟ
миɪоɜɭю
экономикɭ
поɜышɟ
знɚчиɬɟльной
зɚɜиɫиɬ
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɫозɞɚния
ɭɫлоɜий
ɪɚционɚльной
поɬɟнциɚлɚ
жизнɟɞɟяɬɟльноɫɬи
изɜɟɫɬно
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɟнно
ɜозɪɚɫɬɚɟɬ
инɬɟɪɟɫ
ɭчɚɫɬникоɜ
пɟɪɫпɟкɬиɜɚɯ
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɫɜɟɞɟний
ɮоɪмиɪɭющиɯ
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнный
зɟмɟльный
кɚɞɚɫɬɪ
) [4-6].
Эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɟ
ɜɜɟɞɟниɟ
зɟмɟльноɝо
ɫоɜɪɟмɟнном
нɟɜозможно
компьюɬɟɪной
ɫиɫɬɟмы
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнноɝо
зɟмɟльноɝо
кɚɞɚɫɬɪɚ
ȺИɋ
нɚпɪɚɜлɟно
инɮɪɚɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪы
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ
экономики
ɫɬɪɚны
зɟмлɟ
зɚщищɚющɟй
зɟмɟльныɯ
зɟмлɟпользоɜɚɬɟлɟй
ɬɚкжɟ
поɞɞɟɪжиɜɚющɟй
нɟɞɜижимоɫɬи
нɚɫɬоящɟɟ
ɫкɚзɚɬь
чɬо
оɛɟɫпɟчиɜɚɟɬɫя
иɫпользоɜɚниɟ
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
поɫколькɭ
зɟмɟльноɝо
зɟмɟльный
эɮɮɟкɬиɜныɯ
пɪɚкɬичɟɫки
зɚɛлокиɪоɜɚнным
[7-9].
зɟмлями
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɛɚзиɫɚ
поɫɬоянноɝо
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
Ɋɟшɟниɟ
ɞɪɭɝиɯ
ɜопɪоɫоɜ
яɜляɟɬɫя
ɚкɬɭɚльной
ɫоɜɪɟмɟнноɫɬи
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɜзɚимоɫɜязь
ɞɪɭɝими
пɪоɛлɟмɚми
оɛщɟɫɬɜɚ
ɮоɪмиɪɭюɬ
нɟоɞнознɚчный
ɫоɞɟɪжɚния
зɟмлɟɭɫɬɪойɫɬɜɚ
зɚкономɟɪно
зɟмли
ɪɚɫɫмɚɬɪиɜɚɟɬɫя
кɚк
яɜлɟниɟ
ɞɪɭɝой
ɫиɫɬɟмɚ
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнныɯ
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɞикɬɭɟɬɫя
зɚɞɚчɚми
зɟмɟльныɯ
оɬношɟний
ɫɟɝоɞняшнɟм
поɫлɚнияɯ
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ
ɭкɚзыɜɚɟɬɫя
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнной
полиɬики
яɜляɟɬɫя
поɜышɟния
люɞɟй
[1].
ɫиɫɬɟмɟ
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
зɟмɟльными
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
ɚкɬиɜноɟ
ɭчɚɫɬиɟ
ɞоɫɬижɟнии
поɫɪɟɞɫɬɜом
оɛɟɫпɟчɟния
ɞоɫɬɭпноɫɬи
зɟмɟльныɯ
шиɪоким
нɚɫɟлɟния
нɚɞо
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɭющɚя
ноɪмɚɬиɜныɟ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлɟния
ɫоɜɟɪшɟнɫɬɜоɜɚния
ɫиɫɬɟмы
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
зɟмɟльными
ɫɭɪɫɚми
зɟмɟльно
ɪɟɫɭɪɫноɝо
поɬɟнциɚлɚ
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
нɟоɛɯоɞимо
[10-12]:
ɫоɜɟɪшɟнɫɬɜоɜɚнию
ɞɟйɫɬɜɭющɟй
ȺИɋ
ɚнɚлизɚ
мɟжɞɭнɚɪоɞноɝо
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬоɜ
нɚɭчныɯ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚний
ɜнɟɞɪиɬь
пɪимɟнɟниɟм
пилоɬноɝо
ɚɝɪоɮоɪмиɪоɜɚния
ɫɬɚнɞɚɪɬы
мɟжɞɭнɚɪоɞным
ɭɫоɜɟɪшɟнɫɬɜоɜɚɬь
кɪиɬɟɪии
зɟмɟльноɝо
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
комплɟкɫɚ
нɟɞɜижимоɫɬи
оɛɟɫпɟчиɬь
ɫɬимɭлиɪɭющɟɟ
нɚлоɝооɛложɟниɟ
компонɟнɬы
зɟмɟльно
имɭщɟɫɬɜɟнноɝо
ɭɬочниɬь
пɪɟɞоɫɬɚɜлɟния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɭчɚɫɬкоɜ
ɝɪɚжɞɚнɚм
ɜышɟпɟɪɟчиɫлɟнныɯ
ɪɭɫлɟ
ɜɫɟй
ɫиɫɬɟмɟ
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
пɪиɛлизиɬьɫя
оɛщɟнɚционɚльной

ɭлɭчшɟнию
ɝɪɚжɞɚн
ɫчɟɬ
ɪɚционɚльноɝо
иɫпользоɜɚния
ɫɬɪɚны
зɟмли
Ɋɚционɚльноɫɬь
зɟмɟль
зɚɞɚчɚм
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
Оɫноɜныɟ
нɚпɪɚɜлɟния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
опɪɟɞɟлиɬь
ɫлɟɞɭющими
цɟлями
[13-15]:
ɫɬɚɛилизɚция
пɭɬɟм
ɫиɫɬɟмы
ɫɬɚɛилизиɪɭющиɯ
поɞɞɟɪжиɜɚɬь
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɫɛɟɪɟɝɚющиɟ
ɫиɫɬɟмы
зɟмɟль
зɟмɟль
ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜлɟниɟ
ɭɬɪɚчɟнныɯ
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚции
нɟɪɚционɚльной
ɫɜойɫɬɜ
кɚчɟɫɬɜ
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɭɝоɞий
ɫооɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭющиɯ
ɭɫлоɜиям
ɫозɞɚниɟ
ɜɜɟɞɟниɟ
ɝоɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟнноɝо
зɟмɟльноɝо
ɜɚнныɟ
нɚпɪɚɜлɟниям
ɮоɪмиɪоɜɚния
нɚɭчно
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚɬɟльɫкиɯ
ɞɭнɚɪоɞноɟ
ɫоɬɪɭɞничɟɫɬɜо
зɟмɟль
яɜляɟɬɫя
зɚɞɚчɚми
ɫɟɝоɞняшнɟɝо
ɫɟльɫком
ɪɟɫпɭɛлики
ɜзяɬь
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɚɝɪɚɪном
ɫɟльɯозɭɝоɞий
полоɜины
зɚɞɟйɫɬɜоɜɚны
ɚɝɪопɪомышлɟнной
поɫлɟɞниɟ
20
площɚɞи
зɟмɟль
ɫокɪɚɬилиɫь
2,5
1,1
ɫнизилоɫь
25-30%.
пɚɫɬɛищ
ɫоɫɬɚɜляɟɬ
площɚɞи
ɝɞɟ
50%.
ɫɟльɫком
ɜозникɚюɬ
ɫлɟɞɭющиɟ
нɟɪɚционɚльноɝо
зɟмɟльныɯ
количɟɫɬɜо
нɟзɚняɬыɯ
ɫложиɜшийɫя
ɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪой
ɪыночныɯ
ɫɭɛъɟкɬоɜ
ɮɭнкциониɪɭюɬ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɭɪоɜɟнь
оɫнɚщɟнноɫɬи
ɫɟльɫкоɝо
ɫоɜɪɟмɟнными
оɛоɪɭɞо
ɜɚниями
низкɚя
инɜɟɫɬиционнɚя
пɪиɜлɟкɚɬɟльноɫɬь
ɫɟльɫкоɝо
низкой
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬы
иɫпользоɜɚния
зɟмɟльныɯ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟно
ɬɟнɞɟнции
ɫоɜɪɟмɟнноɝо
оɛщɟɫɬɜɚ
пɪиɜɟли
ɜнɟɞɪɟния
ноɜɟйшиɯ
иɫпользоɜɚнии
оɛъɟɞиняющиɟ
ɫоциɚльныɟ
нɚпɪɚɜлɟния
ɬɪɟɛɭюɬ
нɚɭчно
ɭпɪɚɜлɟнныɯ
Поɫлɚниɟ Пɪɟзиɞɟнɬɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
-2050. 2013.
ɋɭлин
Зɟмлɟɭɫɬɪойɫɬɜɚ
Изɞɚɬɟльɫɬɜо
, 2005. 448
Иɝɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
.,
ɋоɜɟɪшɟнɫɬɜоɜɚниɟ
ɭпɪɚɜлɟния
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚми
//
Изɜɟɫɬия
нɚɭк
, 2014.
1.
. 59-62.
Омɚɪɛɟкоɜɚ Ⱥ., Пɟнɬɚɟɜ Ɍ., Иɝɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
Ƚɭɪɫкиɟнɟ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
оɛɟɫпɟчɟния
ɭɫɬойчиɜоɝо
зɟмлɟпользоɜɚния
. ISSN 2243-6944 (online); ISSN 2243-5999 (print) Proceedings of scientific
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 99 106
U. C. Chomanov, G. S. Kenenbai,
. Zhumalieva, S. Dadenov
"Kazakh Research Institute of Processing a
nd Food Industry" LLP,
Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
RESEARCH OF THERMODYNAMIC
AND RHEOLOGICAL CH
OF NEW MEAT DELICACIES
Abstract.
эɬой
ɪɚɛоɬы

опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
поɪоɝоɜоɝо
ɜоɞы
мɟɬоɞоɜ
нɟжноɫɬи
ɝоɬоɜыɯ
изɞɟлий
помощью
можно
оɛɟɫпɟчиɜɚɬь
кɚчɟɫɬɜо
ɛɟзопɚɫ
ноɫɬь
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚнныɯ
мяɫныɯ
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɯ
пɪоизɜоɞɫɬɜɟ
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɭɪоɜня
покɚзɚɬɟля
ɫɪɟзɚ
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚнныɯ
пɪоɞɭкɬɚ
пɪоɜоɞилиɫь
ɬɟкɫɬɭɪы
TMS-PRO.
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɭɪоɜня
покɚзɚɬɟля
ɚкɬиɜной
ɜоɞы
ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬɚнныɯ
изɞɟлияɯ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлялиɫь
поɪɬɚɬиɜноɝо
ɫкоɪоɫɬноɝо
пɪиɛоɪɚ
AquaLab C
ɟɪии
Моɞɟль
ɋШȺ
).
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмичɟɫкиɟ
покɚзɚɬɟли
ɪɟолоɝичɟɫкиɟ
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪиɫɬики
конины
пɪимɟнɟниɟм
ноɜоɝо
ɪɚɫɫолɚ
Иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚниями
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟно
поɜышɚɟɬɫя
нɟжноɫɬь
ɝоɬоɜыɯ
шпɪицɟɜɚния
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмичɟɫкиɯ
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪиɫ
8-10%.
пɪоɞɭкɬы
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɟ
изɞɟлия
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
ɪɟолоɝия
нɟжноɫɬь
поɫлɟɞнɟɟ
ɜлɚɝи
пɪоɞɭкɬɟ
нɚɪяɞɭ
ɜлɚɝоɟмкоɫɬью
ɜоɞоɫɜязыɜɚющɟй
ɫпоɫоɛноɫɬью
пɪимɟняɬь
инɬɟɝɪɚльнɭю

ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
(a
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɫɜязɚнɚ
ɫɭɯим
кɚɪкɚɫом
ɫɜязи
[1].
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
чɬо
ɜоɞой
ɫоɟɞинɟниями
ɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪой
пɪоɞɭкɬоɜ
ɜзɚимоɞɟйɫɬɜия
[2].
ɜоɞɚ
яɜляɟɬɫя
ɯимичɟɫкиɯ
микɪооɪɝɚнизмоɜ
пɪоɞɭкɬɚɯ
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɜоɞыɯоɪошо
коɪɪɟлиɪɭɟɬ
мноɝими
ниɯ
жɟниɟ
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
1
0,2
пɪиɜоɞиɬ
знɚчиɬɟльномɭ
ɬɚɬиɜныɯ
окиɫлɟния
липиɞоɜ
ɪɟɚкции
ɏɚɪɚкɬɟɪиɫɬики
ɜлɚɝи
пɪоɞɭкɬɟ
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɟнно
ɜɚжныɟ
покɚзɚɬɟли
оɪɝɚнолɟпɬичɟɫкиɟ
ɫɜойɫɬɜɚ
кɚчɟɫɬɜɚ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɮизичɟɫкиɯ
ɪɟɚкций
эɬоɝо
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɜыɞɟляюɬ
ɫлɟɞɭющиɟ
ɞɭкɬоɜ
пɪоɞɭкɬы
ɜлɚжноɫɬью
= 1,00,9);
пɪоɞɭкɬы
пɪомɟжɭɬочной
ɜлɚжноɫɬью
= 0,90,6);
пɪоɞɭкɬы
= 0,60,0) [3].
Ⱥкɬиɜноɫɬь

ɫɚмыɯ
кɚчɟɫɬɜɚ
поɬɪɟɛляюɬɫя
ɞɟнь
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
зɚɬɪɚɝиɜɚɟɬ
ɫɪок
ɛɟзопɚɫноɫɬь
ɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪɭ
пищɟɜыɯ
пɪоɞɭкɬоɜ
пɚɪɚмɟɬɪ
пɪоɞɭкɬɟ
измɟняɬь
Ⱦля
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ
ɜыɫɭшиɜɚниɟ
поɜышɟниɟ
ɞɚɜлɟния
чɚɫɬи
зɚмоɪɚжиɜɚнии
ɜɟщɟɫɬɜ
иɫпользɭюɬ
ɫɚɯɚɪɚ
ɞɪɭɝиɟ
пищɟɜыɟ
ɞоɛɚɜки
молɟкɭлы
ɛольшɭю
мɟньшɭю
ɫɬɟпɟнь
ɜɚжноɫɬи
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
покɚзɚɬɟлями
W
концɟнɬɪɚция
яɜляɟɬɫя
оɛязɚɬɟльным
пɪоɞɭкɬоɜ
ɋШȺ
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɜключɟно
инɫɬɪɭкцию
конɬɪолю
чɟɫɬɜɚ
пищɟɜыɯ
пɪоɞɭкɬоɜ
лɟкɚɪɫɬɜɟнныɯ
пɪɟпɚɪɚɬоɜ
[4] .
Конɬɪолиɪɭя
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
ɝоɜяɞины
конины
ɫɜинины
можɟм
поɞɞɟɪжиɜɚɬь
ɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪɭ
ɬɟкɫɬɭɪɭ
ɫɬɚɛильноɫɬь
пɪоɞɭкɬɚ
плоɬноɫɬь
ɬɚкжɟ
ɝиɞɪɚɬɚционныɟ
ɫɜойɫɬɜɚ
ɝоɬоɜыɯ
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɯ
изɞɟлияɯ
ɫпɟциɚлиɫɬɚми
КɚзНИИ
пɪоɜɟɞɟны
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
кɚɬɟɫныɯ
помощью
можно
ɛɭɞɟɬ
оɛɟɫпɟчиɜɚɬь
кɚчɟɫɬɜо
ɛɟзопɚɫноɫɬь
Мɚɬɟɪиɚлы
мɟɬоɞы
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚний
кɚчɟɫɬɜɟ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚний
ɛыли
мяɫныɟɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɟизɞɟлия
кɚк
ɜиɞ
пɪоɞɭкции
ɜɫɟми
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɭɪоɜня
покɚзɚɬɟля
ɫилы
ɫɪɟзɚ
ɫɞɜиɝɚ
пɪоɞɭкɬɚɯ
ɚнɚлизɚɬоɪɟ
ɬɟкɫɬɭɪы
TMS-PRO
ɫкоɪоɫɬью
2000
ɫɟкɭнɞɭ
: 11000
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɭɪоɜня
покɚзɚɬɟля
ɚкɬиɜной
ɜоɞы
пɪоɞɭкɬɚɯ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлялиɫь
ɫкоɪоɫɬноɝо
AquaLab C
3
ɋШȺ
оɛɟɫпɟчи
ɜɚющɟɝо
измɟɪɟния
0,003.
AquaLab
зɚключɚɟɬɫя
мɟɬоɞɚ
зɟɪкɚльно
ɞɚɬчикɚ
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɜоɞы
ɜозɞɭшной
ɭɫɬɪойɫɬɜо
оɛнɚɪɭжиɜɚющɟɟ
зɟɪкɚлɟ
ɜлɚжноɫɬь
знɚчɟниɟ
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
зɟɪкɚлɚ
ɬочно
конɬɪолиɪɭɟɬɫя
ɬɟɪмоэлɟкɬɪичɟɫким
ɭɫɬɪойɫɬɜом
Пɟльɬьɟ
Оɛнɚɪɭ
жɟниɟ
знɚчɟния
коɬоɪом
конɞɟнɫɚция
Пɭчок
ɫɜɟɬɚ
оɬɪɚжɚɟɬɫя
излɭчɟния
Пɪиɟмник
ɪɚɫпознɚɟɬ
измɟнɟниɟ
ɜозникноɜɟнии
конɞɟнɫɚции
зɟɪкɚлɟ
пɪиɫоɟɞинɟнный
зɟɪкɚлɭ
ɪɟɝиɫɬɪиɪɭɟɬ
ISSN 222
ɪɚɬɭɪɭ
зɜɭчиɬ
ɞиɫпл


ьɬɚɬы
ɚмичɟɫкиɯ

0,9396
0,9398
0,94
0,9402
0,9406
0,9408
0,941
0,9412

пояɜилɚɫь
ɟɞɭɪɚ
покɚзɚɬɟлɟ
Ɋиɫɭно
Ɋиɫɭнок

конɞɟнɫɚц
ɚкɬиɜн
ɟния
3,2


ɚкɬиɜно

1
Ⱥкɬиɜно
Ⱥкɬиɜноɫɬ

Пɪи
ɭжɞɟниɟ
иɫɭнки
мяɫныɯ


акт̛вно̭т̽ в


минɭɬ
9
ликɚɬɟɫны
икɚɬɟɫоɜ
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫоɜ

ɋɟɪия
оɛɪɚзц
[3].
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚ
ɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭ
зɟлɟны
ɬɚкжɟ
конины
1. 2018
ɟɞɟлɟнию
ɝоɜяɞины



0,981
ɞɟликɚɬɟ
ɚционɚльн
зɭльɬɚɬɟ
0,9
ɟликɚɬɟɫн

иɫɫлɟɞоɜ

Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
Ɋиɫɭнок
ɫлɟɞоɜɚни
05
0,95
изложɟнно

ɚмичɟɫкиɯ
ɪɟолоɝ
иɫɭнок
4
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛ
Ⱥкɬиɜноɫɬ
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟ




ики
Кɚзɚɯɫ
ɫɜининɟ
0,
ɟлɚɬь
ɜыɜо
нɟжно
ɭɜɟлич
ɚзɚɬɟли
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɝоɜяɞи
акт̛вно̭т̽ в
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫоɜ
76
0,98
ɭɜɟ
лиɫь
кɚк
c
ɫɜинины
ɭɜɟл

ичɟниɟм
0%.
TMS-P
чиɜɚɟɬɫя
ɪиɫɭно
кɬиɜноɫɬь
0,973
ицɟɜɚния

412).
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Ɋиɫɭнок
5
Мяɫныɟ
c
Ɋиɫɭнок
6
Мяɫныɟ
c
Ɋиɫɭнок
7
Мяɫныɟ
c
10%
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Ɋиɫɭнок
8
Мяɫныɟ
c
15%
Ɋиɫɭнок
9
Мяɫныɟ
c
20%
Ɋиɫɭнок
10
Мяɫныɟ
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Ɋиɫɭнок
11
Мяɫныɟ
Ɋиɫɭнок
12
Мяɫныɟ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚний
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟно
конɬɪольным
ɜɚɪиɚнɬом
шпɪицɟɜɚния
знɚчɟния
ɭɫилия
ɫɪɟзɚ
ɫнизилоɫь
ɫилɚ
ɫɞɜиɝɚ
20 %.
ɬɟм
чɬо
ɭɜɟличиɜɚɟɬ
жиɪом
ɬкɚни
Зɚключɟниɟ
оɛɪɚзом
покɚзɚɬɟлɟй
кɚчɟɫɬɜɚ
ɪɟɝɭлиɪоɜɚния
лоɝичɟɫкиɯ
ɚɜɬомɚɬичɟɫкой
ɮикɫɚции
ɪɟжимоɜ
зɭюɬ
ɫɬɪɭкɬɭɪно
ɫɜойɫɬɜɚ
чɭɜɫɬɜиɬɟльны
ɬɟɯнолоɝичɟɫкиɯ
ɫɪɚɜнɟнию

[1]
ȼоɞɚ
пищɟɜыɯ
пɪоɞɭкɬɚɯ
Ⱦɚкɭоɪɬɚ
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬь
, 1980.
[2]
Оɫɬɪикоɜ
Кɭзнɟцоɜɚ
Опɪɟɞɟлɟниɟ
ɜлɚɝи
мɟɬоɞом
//
ɜɭзоɜ
Пищɟɜɚя
. 2005.
1.
. 17.
[3]
Ƚоɭлɞ
ɬɟɯнолоɝии
комɛиниɪоɜɚнныɟ
оɛɟɫпɟчиɜɚющиɟ
ɫɬɚɛиль
ɛɟзопɚɫноɫɬь
кɚчɟɫɬɜо
пɪоɞɭкɬоɜ
/
ɚнɝл
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬи
, 2006.
[4]
Лыɫɟнко
Ⱥкɬиɜнɚя
Мяɫной
. 2007.
. 24-27.
[5]
Ɍɟоɪɟɬичɟɫкиɟ
ɚɫпɟкɬы
ɚкɬиɜноɫɬь
пɪоɞɭкɬоɜ
ɞиɫ
.
ɬɟɯн
нɚɭк
.
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Шомɚноɜ
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
Жԝмɚлиɟɜɚ
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
өңɞɟɭ
ɚзық
өнɟɪкəɫіɛі
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
ɎɍНКЦИОНȺЛȾЫҚ
МȺҚɋȺɌɌȺҒЫ
ЖȺҢȺ
ɌȺҒȺМȾȺɊЫНЫҢ
ɌȿɊМОȾИНȺМИКȺЛЫҚ
ɊȿОЛОȽИЯЛЫҚ
ЗȿɊɌɌȿɍ
жԝмыɫɬың
өнімɞіліɝінің
өнɞіɪіɫ
ԝɫынылғɚн
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫɬɟɪінің
мԛмкінɞік
ɛɟɪɟɬін
өнімɞɟɪɞің
жԝмɫɚқɬығының
өзɝɟɪɭінɟ
əɞіɫɬɟɪɞі
ɚнықɬɚɭ
ɬɚɛылɚɞы
өнімɞɟɪɞɟ
кɟɫɭ
ɚнықɬɚɭ
TMS-PRO
қԝɪылымɞық
жԛɪɝізілɞі
Өнɞіɪілɝɟн
өнімɞɟɪɞɟɝі
ɛɟлɫɟнɞіліɝі
көɪɫɟɬкіші
жоғɚɪы
AquaLab
Моɞɟль
қԝɪылғыɫымɟн
оɪынɞɚлɞы
ɬԝзɞық
қолɞɚнɚ
оɬыɪып
мɟн
шошқɚ
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмикɚлық
көɪɫɟɬкішɬɟɪі
ɪɟолоɝиялық
ɫипɚɬɬɚмɚлɚɪы
зɟɪɬɬɟлɞі
Зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪ
көɪɫɟɬкɟнɞɟй
ɛɟлɫɟнɞіліɝі
өнімнің
ɚɪɬып
Шпɪицɬɟɭɞɟн
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмикɚлық

8-10% -
ɚɪɬɬы
Ɍԛйін
өнімɞɟɪі
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫɬік
ɛɟлɫɟнɞіліɝі
ɪɟолоɝия
қɚɬɚңɞық
ɚɜɬоɪɚɯ
Чомɚноɜ
ɍɪɭшɛɚй
Чомɚноɜич

ɚкɚɞɟмик
НȺН
.,
пɪоɮɟɫɫоɪ
пɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬыɜɚю
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬи
Ⱥлмɚɬы
, [email protected]
Ƚɭльмиɪɚ
ɋɟɪикɛɚйкызы

кɚнɞиɞɚɬ
ɬɟɯничɟɫкиɯ
ɌОО
пɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬыɜɚющɟй
пищɟɜой
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬи
Ⱥлмɚɬы
, [email protected]
Жɭмɚлиɟɜɚ
Ɍоɪɝын
Мɟлиɫоɜнɚ

пɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬыɜɚющɟй
пищɟɜой
пɪомышлɟн
ноɫɬи
Ⱥлмɚɬы
, [email protected]

пɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬыɜɚющɟй
пищɟɜой
пɪомышлɟнноɫɬи
[email protected]
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 107 109
. Rsymbetov
Kazakh national agrarian univ
ersity, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
жылɞɚɪынɞɚғы
ɬɚɬ
.)
ɬɚɬ
Ⱥкɬөɛɟ
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014 2014
1413 0 0 80 40 50 100 80
1414 0 0 15 15 20 60 40
1422 0 0 15 10 20 100 60
10 5 80 80 40 100 80
2031-13 5 5 100 100 40 100 40
2077-11 10 10 100 90 40 100 80
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
740 0 0 20 30 40 90 60
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
811 0 0 15 70 40 100 60
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
22 10 5 100 90 60 100 80
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
36 5 5 80 90 70 100 80
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
1519 0 0 100 90 70 100 100
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
1669 5 5 100 70 20 100 80
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
1764 0 0 80 10 20 100 100
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
12/93-01-4 0 0 80 80 30 100 100
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
16/93-01-8 0 0 100 80 30 100 60
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
25/93-01-2 5 5 100 90 50 100 100
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
122 0 0 50 30 50 100 100
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
1101-12 10 5 30 50 20 80 40
Ɏиɬон
82 15 10 20 30 10 90 80
Ɏиɬон
-54 0 0 0 10 0 30 40
148 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
10 5 70 70 20 100 60
ɫɚпɚ
15 10 30 80 10 100 80
0 0 80 70 1 100 100
ɫɪɟɞнɟɟ
0 0 50 70 1 70 80
0 0 80 60 20 100 100
Пɚмяɬи
10 0 50 80 20 100 100
0 0 50 10 20 100 80
Ⱥɫɬɚнɚ
2 10 5 50 60 5 100 80
35 15 10 70 60 20 90 100
ɋɚɪɚɬоɜɫкɚя
29 0 0 70 70 20 100 100
Ɍоɛольɫкɚя
0 0 70 60 20 100 40
Ⱥлɬɚйɫкɚя
жницɚ
10 5 0 0 1 100 20
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
665/1 5 5 30 40 20 70 60
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
P 23 - 18 10 5 0 20 20 100 60
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
P - 66 B 0 0 50 60 20 100 80
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
- 78-1 0 0 50 60 10 100 80
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
205/03-1 15 10 40 0 1 50
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
220/03-83 10 5 0 5 0 0 10
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
555/01-10-1 0 0 25 30 20 100 60
17 20 10 10 5 5 100 20
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
1147 15 10 0 0 1 30 20
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
126-05 0 0 0 20 5 30 20
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
128-05 0 0 0 0 5 50 20
0 0 25 10 20 90 40
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
7/04-26 0 0 20 15 20 100 20
Люɬɟɫцɟнɫ
141/03-2 10 5 0 20 1 90 40
Чɟляɛɚ
0 0 0 40 20 90 40
кɭкɭшкɚ
15 10 0 0 0 10 40
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ɫɬɚнцияɫы
жɚзɞық
ɛиɞɚйɞын
ԛлɝіɫі
ɚймɚқɬɚɪɞың
ɚлɚнɞɚɪынɞɚ
жԛɪɝізілɞі
шɚɪɭɚ
ɫɬɚнцияɫынɞɚ
қоңыɪ
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
ɬөзімɞілік
ɬɚныɬɬы
49
5-20 %
жɚқɫы
2013
жылы
жɚзɞық
ɛиɞɚйɞың
49
кɟзɟңінɞɟ
ɚɭɚɪɚйы
жɚғɞɚйы
жылы
ɚɭɪɭлɚɪының
ɞɚмɭынɚ
ɛолɭынɚн
ɟɫɟппɟн
ɚлғɚнɞɚ
кɟзɟнɞɟɪінɞɟ
жɚɭын
шɚшым
0,80
жылɭ
+28
жɚзɞық
49
0-10%
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
0,79
кɭннің
жылынɭы
+30
ɟɫɟппɟн
Мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
Ⱥɭыл
шɚɪɭɚшылық
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬінɞɟ
ɫоɪɬ
0-20%
ɚɪɚлығынɞɚ
қоңыɪ
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
ɬөзімɞілік
қɚлғɚн
34
ɫоɪɬ
25-
100%
қоңыɪ
ɚɭɪɭымɟн
ɚɭыɪɞы
жылы
49
ԛлɝіɫінɟн
18
0-20%
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
ɬөзімɞі
31
30-100%
.
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
ғылыми
инɫɬиɬɭɬ
ɚлɚңынɞɚ
49
36
0-20%
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
қɚлғɚн
13
ɫоɪɬ
30-70%
ɚɭɪɭымɟн
ɚɭɪɞы
жылы
0-10%
қɚлғɚн
46
30-100%
ɚɪɚлығынɞɚ
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
ɬөɫімɫіз
ɛолɞы
Ⱥɭыл
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
ɫɬɚнцияɫынɞɚ
жɚзɞық
ɛиɞɚйɞың
49
8
20%

ԛлɝіɫі
40-100%
ɚɭɪɭынɚ
ғылыми
9
0-20%
ɬөзімɞі
қɚлғɚн
40
40-100 %
ɚɭɪɭымɟн
ɚɭыɪɞы
(Puccinia triticina)
ɫолɬԛɫɬіɝінɞɟɝі
ɛиɞɚйɞɚ
ɛɚɪыншɚ
жəнɟ
зиянɞы
ɚɭɪɭ
ɬԛɪі
ɛолып
ɚɭɪɭымɟн
жԛɪɝізɭɞің
ɬөзімɞі
ɫɚнɚлɚɞы
мɚқɫɚɬɬɚ
кɟлɟшɟкɬɟ
ɚɬɚлғɚн
ɚɭɪɭғɚ
ɫоɪɬ
шығɚɪɚɬын
мɟкɟмɟ
жԝмыɫын
ɬɚғы
жɟңілɞɟɬɭ
мɚқɫɚɬынɞɚ
Жɚзɞық
ɛиɞɚйɞы
жɚқɫɚɪɬɭ
Қɚзɚқɫɬɚн
нəɬижɟɝ
жɟɬкізɭɝɟ
жəнɟ
ɚɭɪɭлɚɪынɚ
ɬөзімɞі
ɞɚɭғɚ
[1] Morgounov A., Rosseeva L., Koyshibayev M. Leaf rust of sp
ring wheat in Northern Kazakhs
tan and Siberia: incidence,
virulence, and breed- ing for resistance // Australian
Journal of Agricultural Research. 2007. Vol. 58. P. 847-853.
[2] Author accords a thank for rendered research and methodologi
cal assistance and for participation of KASSIB during the
performance of the research to doct
or A. I. Mourgunov. (CIMMYT-KASSIB).
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɎОɊМИɊОȼȺНИȿ
ПɊИЗНȺКОȼОЙ
ПШȿНИЦЫ
ɍɋɌОЙЧИȼОɋɌИ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɫко
ɋиɛиɪɫкɚя
ɫɟɬь
ɭлɭчшɟнию
яɪоɜой
пшɟницы
2000
ɝоɞɭ
ɫоɬɪɭɞничɟɫɬɜɚ
Нɚɭчно
Иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚɬɟльɫким
Инɫɬиɬɭɬом
ɫɟлɟкции
ɋɟɜɟɪноɝо
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
ɋиɛиɪи
Цɟлью
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɫко
ɋиɛиɪɫкой
ɭлɭчшɟнию
яɪоɜой
поиɫк
ɜыɫокоɭɪожɚйныɯ
Нɚиɛолɟɟ
ɛɭɪой
ɪжɚɜчиной
ɫозɞɚниɟ
ɭɫɬойчиɜыɯ
ɫоɪɬоɜ
ɫкɪɟщиɜɚниɟ
ɭɫɬойчиɜыɯ
ɞоноɪоɜ
мɟɫɬными
ɫоɪɬɚми
оɬɛоɪ
ɝиɛɪиɞныɯ
попɭляций
ɪжɚɜчиноɭɫɬойчиɜыɯ
Поɜышɟниɟ
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɋɟɜɟɪном
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɟ
ɋиɛиɪи
оɛмɟнɚ
ноɜыми
ɫɟлɟкционным
мɚɬɟɪиɚлом
кооɪɞиниɪоɜɚнной
оцɟнкой
ɛолɟзнɟй
оɛмɟнɚ
инɮоɪмɚциɟй
оɪɝɚнизɚции
ɞиɫкɭɫɫий
ɜɪɟмя
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɫко
ɋиɛиɪɫкɚя
ɫɟɬь
ɭлɭчшɟнию
яɪоɜой
оɛъɟɞиняɟɬ
21
пɪоɝɪɚмм
ɫɟлɟкции
коɬоɪыɟ
пɪоɜоɞяɬ
площɚɞи
ɛолɟɟ
20
КȺɋИȻ
яɪоɜой
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɋиɛиɪь
ɫɟɬь
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 110 115
K. K. Kubenkulov, A. Kh. Naushabaye
v, N. A. Khokhanbaeva, N. Seitkali
Kazakh national agricultural university, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected]
OF PHOSPHOGYPSEUM,
ELEMENTAL SULFUR AND SULFURIC
ACIDS ON THE COMPOSITION
OF THE WATER EXTRACT OF
THE SEMI-HYDROMORPHIC
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Қыɪɛɚлɬɚɛɚй
ɬɚɫ
жолымɟн
шығыɫынɞɚ
ɛɚɬыɫынɞɚ
Ⱦɚлɚлық
зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪɞі
жԛɪɝізɭԛшін
2015
жылɞың
көкɬɟмінɞɟ
ɭчɚɫкɟɫі
ɍчɚɫкɟ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪы
ɫолɬԛɫɬікɬік
ɚшық
шɚлғынɞɚныңқыɪɚғɚн
ɞɟɭінɞɟ
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
Ⱦɚлɚлық
шɚɪɭɚшылықɬың
ɚйқынɞɚлғɚн
ɫоɪɬɚңɞɚнғɚн
(25.06.15
.)
жɚлпығɚ
əɞіɫɬɟɪмɟн
[3]
ɬөмɟнɞɟɝіɞɟй
ɛойыншɚ
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
Элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
5
5.
қышқылы
15,4.
қɚйɬɚлымɞы
ɚɭɞɚны
(35
ɚлɞынɞɚ
ɛɚɪлық
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪɞɚн
0-20, 20-40, 40-60
жəнɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
ɬəжіɪиɛɟ
ɬопыɪɚққɚ
29
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟ
жɟɪɞі
жыɪɬɭ
ɞиɫкілɟнɭ
ɚɪқылы
ɟнɝізілɞі
мөлшɟɪі
Ⱥɝɚɟɜɬің
(1966)
ɮоɪмɭлɚɫы
қɚлыңɞығынɚ
ɟɫɟпɬɟлінɞі
[4].
0,1E) + [(
HCO
) -1,0] H

ɬɚзɚ
ɝипɫɬің
(100%
ɞозɚɫы
; Na

ɚлмɚɫпɚлы
нɚɬɪийɞің
мөлшɟɪі
100

қɚɛɚɬɬың

ɬопыɪɚқɬың
ɬығызɞығы

ɫыйымɞылығы
100
ɚɭыɫɬыɪɭ
+
HCO
ионɞɚɪɞың
100
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚ
; 1,0
зиянɫыз
+
HCO
ионɞɚɪының
100
кɟшɟнінɞɟ
10 %
ɚлмɚɫпɚлы
ɫɚқɬɚɭɞы
қɚмɬɚмɚɫыз
ɟɬɟɬін
Ⱥнықɬɚлғɚн
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
мөлшɟɪ
ɫəйкɟɫіншɟ
1,10 0,19
мɚɭɫымɞɚ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪы
қɚйɬɚлымынɚ
12,8
нɟмɟɫɟ
кɝкԛкіɪɬ
ɫɭмɟн
ɚɪɚлɚɫɬыɪып
ɚлɚңынɞɚғы
қышқылы
ɛɟɪілɝɟн
мөлɞɟкɬɟɪɞɟ
ɚйының
ɟкінші
(17
қышқылының
əɪɟкɟɬɬɟɫɭ
нəɬижɟɫінɞɟ
ɛолғɚн
кɟɛіɪ
лɟнɝɟн
ɬопыɪɚқ
2800
ɫɭɞыԛшкɟ
ɞɟкɬɟɪінɟншɚюɞɚн
13
, (30.07.2015
.)
жəнɟқɚлғɚн
(07.11.2017
.) 0-20, 20-40
40-60
ɬопыɪɚқ
ɚлынɞы
ɚɪɚлықɬɚɪынɞɚ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪɞɚғымикɪооɪɝɚнизмɞɟɪɞің
қɚɬыɫɭымɟн
жԛɪɟɬінпɪоцɟɫɬɟɪɞің
қɚлыпɬы
жԛɪɭінɟ
мөлшɟɪі
Кԛкіɪɬ
қышқылымɟн
шɚйылғɚн
мөлɞɟкɬɟɪɝɟ
шілɞɟ
ɚйының
онкԛнɞіɝінɞɟ
(31.07.2015
150
жоңышқɚның
ɋɟмиɪɟчинɫкɚя
15
ɬиімɞі
қԝнɚɪлығын
жылын
көкɬɟмінɞɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪɞы
ɚлɞынɞɚ
(28.04.2016
жəнɟ
шɚйғɚннɚн
ɬопыɪɚқ
жылɞɚ
(2015-2017
мɟзɝілɞɟɪі
жəнɟ
мөлɞɟкɬɟɪɞɟн
0-20, 20-40
жəнɟ
40-60
ɚлынып
оɬыɪылɞы
ɬопыɪɚқ
ионɞɚɪы
жиынɬығы
жəнɟ
ɫɭɬɟɝінің
ɚнықɬɚлынɞы
нəɬижɟлɟɪі
ɬɚлқылɚɭ

ɟɫɟпɬɟлінɟɬінɞіɝі
мəлім
жəнɟ
ɬɟк
ɛойыншɚ
ɬопыɪɚқ
кɟɫкінінɞɟ
жԛɪɟɬін
ԛɞɟɪіɫɬɟ
ɫипɚɬын
жəнɟ
ɛɚғɚлɚɭғɚ
жəнɟ
ɛɚɫқɚɪɭғɚ
жɚғɞɚйын
ɌМȾ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
қɚɛылɞɚнғɚн
əɞіɫіқолɞɚнылɚɞы
көɪɫɟɬкішɬɟɪінɟ
ɫəйкɟɫ
кɟлмɟйɞі
ылғɚлɞылық
жəнɟ
қԝɛылымɞɚɪының
мɚɭɫымɞық
жɚɫɚнɞы
жɚɫɚлғɚн
ɬыңɚйɬқышɬɚɪ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪɞы
ɫɭғɚɪɭ
жəнɟ
жԛзɟɝɟ
ɚɫɚɬын
ɬопыɪɚқ
көɪɭɝɟ
ɬопыɪɚқ
жɚғɞɚйымызɞɚ
ɚлғɚн
ɭчɚɫкɟɫі
ɛɚɫɬɚпқы
ɞɟңɝɟйінɞɟ
ɬԝзɞɚнғɚнɞығын
жиынɬығы
0,5-0,7 %)
жəнɟ
ɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
ɟкɟнɞіɝін
ɛолɚɞы
Өɫімɞікɬɟɪɝɟ
жɟңіл
ɟɪиɬін
əɫɟɪі
əɪɟкɟɬімɟн
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
Əɞɟɬɬɟ
ɬопыɪɚқ
жоғɚɪы
қыɫымы
ɛɚɫымɞы
ɚɬқɚɪɚɞы
Оғɚн
жоғɚɪы
ɫɟɛɟпші
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚн
ɫіңіɪɭін
лɚɬɚɞы
ɋонɞықɬɚн
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
ɬԝзɞɚнғɚнɞɚɪɞɚ
жɟɬіɫпɟɭшіліɝі
ɛɚйқɚлɚɞы
Өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
қɚлыпɬы
өɫɭінɟ
жɚɫɚйɬын
Cl
, Mg
ионɞɚɪының
ɚйɪықшɚ
кɟйɛіɪɟɭінің
жоғɚɪы
концɟнɬɪɚцияɫы
(Cl
ɬɭɞыɪɫɚ
кɟйɛіɪɟɭлɟɪі
(Na
жəнɟ
Cl
жəнɟ
өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
қоɪɟкɬɟнɭін
Өɫімɞікɬɟɪɝɟ
қолɚйɫыз
əɫɟɪін
ɬɭɞыɪɚɬын
ɛілінɟɪлік
Na
5%
кɚɬионɞɚɪ
жиынɬығынɚн
қɚɬыɫɭынɞɚ
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
қɚɫиɟɬɬɟɪінің
нɚшɚɪлɚɭы
жəнɟ
ɚɭɚ
қԝɛылымɞɚɪы
Өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
жԛйɟɫінɟ
əɫɟɪ
ɟɬɟɬін
жоғɚɪы
ɫілɬіліɝінің
əɫɟɪі
ɬɚмыɪɞың
жɚɫ
жəнɟ
ɬəжіɪиɛɟ
ɭчɚɫкɫі
өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
ɞɚмɭынɚ
ɬиɝізɟɬін
жоғɚɪыɞɚ
ɚɬɚлғɚн
ɮɚкɬоɪлɚɪɞыңɛɚɪлық
ɫоɞɚлы
ɬԝзɞɚнɭɞɚ
ɛɚйқɚлɚɬын
жоғɚɪы
кԛшɬі
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪының
ɞɚнɭын
ɬəжіɪиɛɟ
ɭлылық
шɟɝінɟн
жоғɚɪы
ɛолɭымɟн
).
кɟɫɬɟ

Жɚɪɬылɚй
кɟɛіɪɝɟ
кԛкіɪɬɬі
қышқылын
ɟнɝізɟɪ
ɫԛзінɞіɫінің
ɬԝзɞɚɪ
жиынɬығы
(25.06.2015
.)
Ԛлɝі
Жɚлпы
HCO
2-
2-
2+
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
1,12
0,75 8,63 4,25 2,88 3,37
0,777 8,2
0,068 0,026 0,410 0,085 0,034 0,077
1,56
0,70 4,25 1,75 1,38 3,69
0,454 8,1
0,095 0,024 0,200 0,035 0,016 0,084
1,64 0,48 0,60 4,13 2,25 1,50 3,10
0,459 8,6
0,100 0,014 0,021 0,190 0,045 0,018 0,071
Элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
1,48
0,65 7,75 4,00 2,88 2,75
0,659 8,2
0,090 0,022 0,370 0,080 0,034 0,063
1,92
0,75 5,38 2,50 1,75 2,29
0,516 8,2
0,117 0,026 0,250 0,050 0,021 0,052
2,32 0,60 0,75 4,38 2,00 1,25 4,80
0,560 8,8
0,141 0,018 0,026 0,210 0,040 0,015 0,110
қышқылы
1,56
0,75 6,00 2,50 2,00 3,81
0,692 8,1
0,095 0,026 0,280 0,050 0,024 0,087
1,84 0,30 0,65 4,63 2,00 1,25 4,07
0,513 8,5
0,112 0,009 0,022 0,220 0,04 0,015 0,093
2,56 0,24 0,70 5,00 2,50 1,50 4,38
0,595 8,8
0,156 0,007 0,024 0,240 0,050 0,018 0,100
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
ɬԝзɞɚнɭымɟн
кԛкіɪɬпɟн
жəнɟ
мɟлиоɪɚциялɚнɚɬын
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
ɛɚɫɬɚпқы
ɛɚɪлық
ɛөліɝінɞɟ
кɚɪɛонɚɬɬɚɪмɟн
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
жоғɚɪы
ɬɚлынɚɞы
Ⱥɬɚлғɚнɞɚɪ
жəнɟ
Na
ɞің
жоғɚɪы
жɚғɞɚйынɞɚ
ɬопыɪɚқ
ɭлы
NaHCO
, MgSO
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪынɚ
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
ɬиімɞілікɬɟɪінің
ɛɚғыɬɬɚ
жəнɟ
қɚнɞɚй
қɚɪқынɞылықɬɚ
ɟкɟнɞіɝін
ɚнықɬɚɭ
2017
көкɬɟмінɞɟ
ɚлынғɚн
қԝɪɚмы
ɚнықɬɚлɞы
жыл
жəнɟ
ɛɚɪлық
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪ
ɛойыншɚ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪɞɚɬԝзɞɚɪ
жиынɬығы
ɚзɚйып
ɫəл
ɬԝзɞɚнғɚнғɚ
).
кɟɫɬɟ

Жɚɪɬылɚй
кɟɛіɪɞің
қԝɪɚмынɚ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
кԛкіɪɬ
қышқылының
шɚйылғɚннɚн
кɟйін
жоңышқɚ
өɫіɪɭɞің
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
əɫɟɪі
(26.04.2017
.)
Ԛлɝі
ɋілɬілік
SO
Ca
Mg
Na
-
2-
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
1,88 0,56 0,40 1,25 0,80 0,30 2,15
0,274 7,8
0,114 0,017 0,014 0,059 0,016 0,004 0,049
1,20 0,56 0,40 1,25 0,65 0,45 2,01
0,244 7,7
0,073 0,017 0,014 0,059 0,013 0,008 0,046
Элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
1,58
0,45 1,12 0,55 0,35 2,05
0,243 7,6
0,095 0,023 0,054 0,016 0,006 0,047
1,42
0,30 0,87 0,80 0,50 0,79
0,160 7,5
0,086 0,011 0,062 0,016 0,006 0,028
қышқылы
0,96
0,30 0,90 0,70 0,40 1,06
0,156 7,5
0,058 0,011 0,043 0,014 0,005 0,025
0,84
0,30 1,57 0,60 0,30 1,81
0,195 7,4
0,051 0,010 0,075 0,012 0,004 0,042
ионының
ɬɟɪɟңɞɟɝɟн
ɫɚйын
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟ
100
2
жоғɚɪы
жɚғɞɚй
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟ
(100
0,03
)
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
7,6-8,2).
кɟɫкін
жəнɟ
ɬɚɪɚлɭы
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪынɞɚ
(100
0,60-0,75
жəнɟ
ɭлылық
(0,35
Ⱥɬɚлғɚнɞɚɪ
шɚйылмɚлы
жіпɫɭ
қԝɛылымɞɚɪының
жоқɬығын
ɚйɬɚɞы
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ионының
концɟнɬɪɚцияɫы
жоғɚɪы
ɟɪɟкшɟлɟніп
7-8
концɟнɬɪɚцияɫынɚн
4
(1,7
Олɚɪ
қɚɪɚғɚнɞɚ
ɬɟɪɟңɞɟɝɟн
ɫɚйын
ɚзɚяɞы
(4-5
ɬəжіɪиɛɟ
ɭчɚɫкɟɫі
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪы
ɫоɞɚлы
ɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
ɬԝзɞɚнɭ
ɛɟɪілɝɟнɞіɝін
көɬɟɪіңкі
жəнɟ
жоғɚɪы
қɚɛɚɬɬынɚ
қɚɛɚɬɬɚɪынɞɚ
ɚйɬɚɪлықɬɚй
мөлшɟɪімɟн
ɫипɚɬɬɚлынɚɞы
жɚғɞɚй
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
кɚɬионɞық
мɚɝнийɞің
ɚйɬɚɪлықɬɚй
(25-30%).
Ȼԝл
кɟɛіɪлɟнɭінɟ
жɚнɚмɚ
əɫɟɪін
ɫілɬілікɬі
ɚнықɬɚйɬын
0-
100
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚ
1,12-
1,88
ɚзɞɚ
ɚɫɬынɞɚғы
ɬөмɟнɞɟɝɟн
Элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
кԛкіɪɬ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚ
қышқылының
0-20
20-40
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟɪɞɟ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
100
1,7-
0,9
ɬөмɟнɞɟɝɟн
Ȼіɪɚқɬɚ
концɟнɬɪɚцияɫы
ɭлылық
шɟɝінɟн
100
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚ
ɬԛɫпɟɝɟн
шɟкɚɪɚɫынɚ
жԝмыɫɬɚɪы
қɚлыпɬыкɚɪɛонɚɬɬɚɪɞың
Ȼɚɫɬɚпқыɞɚ
ɛɚɪлық
0-20
20-40
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟɪɞɟ
жоқ
CO
жылɞɚн
мөлшɟɪі
ɛɟɪілɝɟн
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪɞɚ
ɭлы
шɟɝінɟн
(0,03
əлɞɟқɚйɞɚ
(100
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚ
0-
0,50
жоғɚɪлɚғɚн
ɛɟɪілɝɟн
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪɞɚ
қɚлыпɬы
кɚɪɛонɚɬɬɚɪɞың
ɬԛзілɭін
жəнɟ
өɫɭін
Ɍəжіɪиɛɟ
жԛɪɝізɭ
жɚɭын
шɚшынныңɯлоɪ
ионы
жɚғɞɚй
жɚɫɚɭы
мԛмкін
шɟɝінɟ
(0,35
экɜ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚ
жɚқынɞɚғɚн
ɚлɞынɞɚ
ɚлынғɚн
ԛлɝілɟɪɞɟ
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ионының
ɛɚқылɚɭ
жоғɚɪы
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟɪ
100
8,50
Оɫынɞɚй
шɚмɚ
0-20
ɫɚқɬɚлɚɞы
ɫɚйын
ионның
ɚзɚйғɚн
жԛɪɝɟн
жылɞық
2017
жылɞың
ɚлынғɚн
SO
ɛɚɪлық
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪ
(100
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚ
оɪɬɚшɚ
5,00
1,00
ɚзɚйғɚн
жəнɟ
ɬɟңɟɫкɟн
(~1
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ɚзɚйɭ
ɫɟɛɟɛіонɞɚғы
ɬоɬығɭынɚ
жəнɟ
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭынɚн
ɛолɭы
ȿкі
жылɞɚн
кɟйін
ɚзɚйɭы
кɚɪɛонɚɬɬɚɪɞың
пɚйɞɚ
ɛолɭы
ɛɚɫɬɚпқыɞɚ
ɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
ɯимизмін
ɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
ɫоɞɚлығɚ
ɚɭыɫɭынɚ
жɚғɞɚй
жɚɫɚғɚн
ионының
ɛɚɫɬɚпқы
100
1,75-
5,00
ɚɪɚлығынɞɚ
ɚɭыɬқиɞы
жылɞɚн
кɟйін
мөлшɟɪі
100
0,76
ɬөмɟнɞɟɝɟн
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
ионының
2,00-2,88
ɚɪɚлығынɞɚ
ɬɟɪɟңɞɟɝɟн
ɫɚйын
ɛіɪліккɟ
ɬөмɟнɞɟɝɟнімɟн
шɚмɚмɟн
ɫипɚɬɬɚлɚɞы
Мɟлиоɪɚциялɚɭɞɚн
кɟйін
концɟнɬɪɚцияɫы
ɚйɬɚɪлықɬɚй
ɚзɚйып
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪ
ɛойыншɚ
100
~0,45
жɟɬкɟн
мɟлиоɪɚциялɚɭɞɚн
нɚɬɪий
ɚзɚйғɚнɞығын
көɪɭɝɟ
ɛɟɪілɝɟн
1,5
кԛкіɪɬ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬынɞɚ
1,1
ɟɫɟ
жəнɟ
2,5
ɬөмɟнɞɟɝɟн
ɋөйɬіп
зɟɪɬɬɟɭɝɟ
ɚлынғɚн
ɬопыɪɚқɬың
ɫԛзінɞіɫінɞɟɝі
ɚзɚйɭы
ɫілɬілі
қоɫпɚғɚнɞɚ
жиынɬығының
ɬөмɟнɞɟɭінɟ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɬɚɪ
ɛɚқылɚɭɫыз
ɬԝзɞɚнғɚннɚн
ɫəл
ɬԝзɞɚнғɚнғɚ
ɚɭыɫɭынɚ
ɫілɬілі
(HCO
CO
концɟнɬɪɚциялɚɪының
ɫынɚқɬɚғы
ɛɟйɬɚɪɚпɬыɞɚн
ɫəл
ɫілɬіліɝɟ
мɟлиоɪɚнɬɬɚɪɞың
ɟкɟнɞіɝінɟ
жɟɬкізɭɝɟ
ɛолɚɞы
көɪɫɟɬкішɬɟɪінɟн
ɛɚйқɚɭғɚ
ɋөйɬіп
ɚймɚғының
жɚɪɬылɚй
ɫоɪɬɚңɞɚнғɚн
кɟɛіɪ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
кԛкіɪɬ
қышқылын
жоңышқɚ
ɛɟɪɭɛɟйɬɚɪɚп
ɬԝзɞɚɪɞың
ɟншіɫі
ɚзɚйып
ɫілɬілі
көɛɟйɭінɟ
Қоɪыɬынɞы
Ⱦɚлɚлық
зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪмɟн
Ⱥлɚɬɚɭының
ɬɚɭɚлɞы
ɛɟлɞɟɭінɞɟ
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
ɝиɞɪомоɪɮɬы
қԝɛылымынɚ
жəнɟ
қышқылының
ɫɚлыɫɬыɪмɚлы
əɫɟɪлɟɪі
ɚнықɬɚлып
экɜиɜɚлɟнɬɬі
ɛɟɪілɝɟн
əɫɟɪі
жоғɚɪы
[1]
зɚɫолɟния
.
.:
Нɚɭкɚ
, 1980. C. 12-14.
[2]
почɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
Нɚɭкɚ
, 1978. 172 c.
[3]
Ⱥɪинɭшкинɚ
Ɋɭкоɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɯимичɟɫкомɭ
ɚнɚлизɭ
почɜ
.:
. 387-421.
[4]
Мɟɬоɞичɟɫкиɟ
ɭкɚзɚния
лɚɛоɪɚɬоɪно
., 1981.
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɋɊȺȼНИɌȿЛЬНȺЯ
ЭɎɎȿКɌИȼНОɋɌЬ
ɎОɋɎОȽИПɋȺ
ЭЛȿМȿНɌȺɊНОЙ
ɋȿɊНОЙ
КИɋЛОɌЫ
ɋОɋɌȺȼ
ȼОȾНОЙ
ȼЫɌЯЖКИ
ПОЛɍȽИȾɊОМОɊɎНЫɏ
ɋОȾОȼЫɏ
ɋОЛОНЧȺКОȼ
ɋОЛОНЦОȼ
ɪɚɫɫмоɬɪɟны
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫɚ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɪɟжим
оɪошɚɟмыɯ
ɫоɞоɜо
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
ɫолонцоɜ
Ⱥмиɪɚн
Нɭɪинɫкоɝо
окɪɭɝɚ
ɪɚйонɚ
ɚɫолɟниɟ
оɫолонцɟɜɚниɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪнɚя
ɚɜɬоɪɚɯ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜич

ɫɟльɫкоɯозяйɫɬɜɟнныɯ
пɪоɮɟɫɫоɪ
кɚɮɟɞɪы
почɜоɜɟɞɟния
ɚɝɪоɯимии
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
e-mail: [email protected]
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Ⱥɫɯɚɬ
ɏɚмиɬоɜич

ɞокɬоɪ
PhD,
ɚɫɫоциɪоɜɚнный
ɚɝɪоɯимия
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, e-mail: [email protected]
Ⱥйɛɚɬиллɚɟɜнɚ
PhD
ɞокɬоɪɚнɬ
ɚɝɪоɯимия
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
, e-mail: [email protected]
Нɭɪзиɯɚн

ɞокɬоɪ
PhD
кɚɮɟɞɪы
ɚɝɪоɯимия
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, e-mail: [email protected]
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 116 120
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚцияғɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Ȼɚлқɚш
жəнɟ
жəнɟ
ɚймɚқɬɚɪынɞɚ
кɟшɟнɞі
нɟмɟɫɟ
жɟкɟлɟнɝɟн
кɟңінɟн
19351995
жɟɪɛɟɬі
ɚɭɚ
жылɞық
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫы
1.4
кɟзɟңінɞɟ
1.0
нɚɭɪыз
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
2
[1].
шɚɪы
ɛойыншɚ
1980
ɛɚɫɬɚп
қɚзіɪɝі
ɞɟйін
ɚɭɚ
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫының
жылɞық
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫы
0.4
жɚғɞɚйынɞɚ
жԛɪɝɟн
[2].
плɚнɟɬɚмызɞɚ
1000
жылɞɚн
ɛɚйқɚлмɚғɚн
Жɚңɚɞɚн
ɛɚɫɬɚлғɚн
XXI
ғɚɫыɪɞɚ
жɟɪɞің
жɚһɚнɞық
жылɭы
1
көɬɟɪілɭі
онɞɚғы
жəнɟ
ɚймɚқɬɚɪының
шɟкɚɪɚлɚɪы
жəнɟ
жылжиɞы
ɛолжɚйɞы
[3].
жоғɚɪыɞɚ
қɚлыпɬɚɫқɚн
шөлɞің
жəнɟ
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪының
əɫɟɪін
қɚɭпін
ɚнық
Оɫынɞɚй
кɟзɟңɞɟ
90-
жылɞɚɪының
ɛɚɫɬɚп
ɚɭыл
шɚɪɭɚшылығы
жойылып
ɛɚɫɬɚɪы
қожɚлықɬɚɪынɚ
ɛɟɪілɭінɟ
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
шɚɪɭɚ
ɛԝɪынғы
шɚшыɪɚнɞы
жɟкɟ
қоныɫɬɚнып
лɚɫɚ
ɛɚɫɬɚɞы
5-7
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚциялық
жылжымɚлы
ɚйнɚлɚ
ɛɚɫɬɚғɚн
қɚзіɪɝі
кɟзɟңɞɟ
шɚɪɭɚ
жɚйлɚɪының
ɫɟɪіɝі
жəнɟ
əлɟɭмɟɬɬік
жɚғɞɚйлɚɪын
шығынɞɚɪғɚ
ɫоғɭɞɚ
ɫɟɛɟпɬі
жɟɪлɟɪɞі
ɛɚɫɬɚпқы
қɚл
кɟлɬіɪɭɞің
жолɞɚɪын
мɚɭɫымɞық
қԝɛылымɞɚɪын
ɛɟɞɟɪі
жɚғɞɚйлɚɪын
зɟɪɬɬɟɭɞі
ныɫɚны
əɞіɫɬɟɪі
-
ɚнɬɪопоɝɟнɞі
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚцияғɚ
ԝшыɪɚɭынɚн
жылжымɚлы
ɚйнɚлғɚн
шɚғылɞɚɪ
ɭчɚɫкɟɫі
Ȼɚқɛɚқɬы
ɛɚɬыɫ
жɚғынɚ
(1960
жɟɪɞɟ
қԝɪылɭынɚ
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
ɛɚɫɬɚпқы
ɫɟкɫɟɭіл
жылжымɚлы
шɚғылɞɚɪғɚ
Олɚɪ
Ȼɚқɛɚқɬы
ɚɭыл
ɬԝɪғынɞɚɪынɚ
ыңғɚйɫызɞықɬɚɪ
кɟлɬіɪɭɞɟ
ɚɭылɞың
ɛɚɬыɫынɞɚғы
шɟɬкі
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
ԛйлɟɪɞің
қоныɫɬɚɪынɚ
қԝмɞɚɪɞы
ɬɚзɚлɚɭмɟн
ɛолɭɞɚ
ɭчɚɫкɟɫі
ɬəɪізɞі
ɛіɪімɟн
жɚлғɚɫқɚн
жылжымɚлы
қԝмɞы
шɚғылɞɚɪ
ɫɭɪɟɬ
шɚғылɞɚɪɞың
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
оңɬԛɫɬікɬɟн
ɫолɬԛɫɬік
ɫозылғɚн
Олɚɪɞың
ɚккɭмɭляɬиɜɬік
ɚлɚɫɚ
ɞɟɫɬɪɭкɬиɜɬік
ɛөлікɬɟɪінің
ɚɪɚɫынɞɚғы
ɚɭыɬқɭлɚɪы
4,4
қԝɪɚйɞы
ɛɟɬкɟйлɟɪінің
шɚғылɞɚɪɞың
мɚɭɫымɞық
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚлық
қԝɛылымын
ɚнықɬɚɭ
шɚғылɞың
ɛɚɬыɫ
ɛөліɝінɞɟ
0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100
ɚɪнɚйы
оɪнɚɬылып
оɪɬɚɫынɞɚ
нɚɭɪыз
Ⱥɫɬɚнɚ
ɭɚқыɬымɟн
ɫɚғɚɬ
13
Оɫы
ɭчɚɫкɟɞɟ
ɬопыɪɚқ
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫымɟн
0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80, 80-
ɞɚлɚлық
ылғɚлɞылығы
ɚнықɬɚлɞы
ɚлынғɚн
6
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɞɚ
ɚнықɬɚлынɞы
[4].
ɬɚлқылɚɭ
əɞіɫпɟн
ɛɟкіɬɭ
ылғɚлɞылық
қɚншɚлықɬы
ɟкɟнɞіɝін
ɚнықɬɚɭɞы
ɟɬɟɞі
Оɫығɚн
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
ɛіз
көлɛɟɭ
ɛɚғыɬы
ɛɚɫым
ылғɚлɞылық
қԝɛылымынɚ
зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪ
жԛɪɝізɞік
қɚɫиɟɬɬɟɪі
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
[5].
ɞымқылɞылық
жɚɬɚɞы
ɛөлшɟкɬɟɪінɟ
ɛɟкіɬілɝɟн
ɫɭɞың
ɛоɫ
ɛɚйлɚныɫқɚн
[6].
ылғɚлɞылығының
ɬиімɞі
ɬиімɫіз
ɚнықɬɚɬɚɬын
ылғɚлɞылық
ɛолып
ɫɚнɚлɚɞы
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚғы
ылғɚлɞылықɬың
мөлшɟɪі
жԛɪіп
жɚɬқɚн
жəнɟ
пɪоцɟɫɫɬɟɪ
өɫɭі
ɛɚɫɬɚйɞы
ɛіɪнɟшɟ
өɫімɞік
ɟɫкɟɪɟ

Ȼɚқɛɚқɬы
ɚɭылынɚ
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
жылжымɚлы
шɚғылɞың
мɚɭɫымɞық
өлшɟɭлɟɪ
жԛɪɝізɞік
Олɚɪɞың
ɛɟɪілɝɟн
кɟɫɬɟ

ɚɭылының
ɛɚɬыɫынɚ
жɚнɚɫɚ
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
жылжымɚлы
қԝмɞы
шɚғылɞың
мɚɭɫымɞық
ɛойыншɚ
, %
III V VI VII VIII
0-20 4,71 3,62 1,55 1,16 0,71
20-40 6,45 3,85 2,42 1,47 1,26
40-60 5,62 3,77 3,36 1,70 1,33
60-80 7,06 4,73 4,26 2,73 1,32
80-100 5,44 3,88 4,54 3,63 1,45
мəлімɟɬɬɟɪі
нɚɭɪыз
ɚйынɞɚ
ылғɚлɞылығының
жоғɚɪы
қɚɛɚɬынɚн
ɛіɪɬінɞɟп
көɪɫɟɬɟɞі
0-100
ɞымқылɞылығы
4,71-7,06%
ɚɪɚлығынɞɚ
ɚɭыɬқығɚн
кɟɬɭінɟ
жɟɬкілікɬі
ɫɟɛɟɛі
1-1,5%
шɚмɚɫынɞɚ
[5].
Ȼізɞің
жɚғɞɚйɞɚ
зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪɞің
1,7%
ɟкɟнɞіɝін
көɪɫɟɬɬі
60-80
ɞымқылɞылық
мɚкɫимɭмғɚ
жɟɬкɟн
(7,06%),
жоғɚɪғы
0-20
ɬɟɪɟңɞіɝінɞɟ
ɞымқылɞылық
4,7%-
ɚйынɞɚ
қԝмның
ɚйɬɚɪлықɬɚй
ɛɚйқɚлɚɞы
оɪнɚлɚɫɚɬын
(20-60
қɚɛɚɬынɞɚ
ɞымқылɞылық
ɚзɚйғɚн
ылғɚлɞылығынɚ
Ылғɚлɞылықɬың
ɬөмɟнɞɟɭі
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
жԛɪɝɟн
Мɚɭɫымɞɚ
0-20
20-40
ылғɚлɞылығы
ɟɞəɭіɪ
мɟнɞɟɝɟн
(1,55-2,42%),
0-20
ɞымқылɞылығы
1,55%-
ɞɟйін
ɬɚмыɪлɚɪы
оɪнɚлɚɫɚɬын
ылғɚлɞылығынɚ
(1,7%)
ɞɟйін
жɟɬкɟн
ɬɚмыɪлɚɪы
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
ылғɚлɞылығы
(20-40,40-60
) 2,0-
3,36%
Ȼԝнɞɚй
қɚɭпі
ɞɟɫɟ
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
шɚғыл
ылғɚлɞылығы
ɟɞəɭіɪ
ɬөмɟнɞɟп
ɞылығынɚ
ɬɚмызɞɚ
қԝмның
0-20
ɬɟɪɟңɞіɝінɞɟ
ылғɚлɞылық
(0,71%).
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
ɛɚқылɚɭлɚɪ
шɚғылɞың
мɚɭɫымɞық
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫының
ɟɞəɭіɪ
ғɚнɞығын
ɛɚйқɚɬɚɞы
кɟɫɬɟ
).
кɟɫɬɟ

ɚɭылының
ɛɚɬыɫынɞɚ
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
жылжымɚлы
шɚғыл
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫының
мɚɭɫымɞық
ɛойыншɚ
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
III V VI VII VIII
0 13,0 64,1 46,5 45,4 46,1
20 4,0 27,2 26,1 27,3 32
40 2,5 23,0 25,2 27,1 26,7
60 1,0 20,5 23,0 26,5 26,5
80 1,0 18,5 21,5 26,3 26,1
100 1,0 16,5 21,0 24,5 26,0
нɚɭɪыз
ɬɚл
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
мөлшɟɪі
13
жɚйғɚɫқɚн
қɚɛɚɬɬɚɪының
жылынɚ
қоймɚғɚнɞығын
көɪɫɟɬɟɞі
60-100
қɚлыңɞықɬɚ
Ɍɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
ɬөмɟнɝі
қɚɛɚɬɬɚɪɞɚ
нɚɭɪыз
-
ɚйɬɚɪлықɬɚй
ɬɚмыɪлɚɪы
оɪнɚлɚɫɚɬын
(20-40,40-60
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
мɚɭɫым
жəнɟ
ɬɚмыз
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
(25-30
ɚйқынɞɚлғɚн
ылғɚлɞылығының
мɚɭɫымɞық
ɛɟкіɬɭɝɟ
ɚɪнɚп
кɟɬɭін
ɚлмɚйɬынɞығын
нɟɝізɝі
жɚз
ɚйлɚɪынɚн
көшɟɬ
ɬɚмыɪлɚɪы
оɪнɚлɚɫқɚн
қɚɛɚɬɬɚɪынɞɚ
əɫіɪɟɫɟ
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚғы
ылғɚлɞылығының
ылғɚлɞылығынɚн
ɛолɭынɞɚ
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
ɫɭɚйыɪық
ылғɚлɞың
ɬөмɟнɞіліɝімɟн
жылжымɚлылығынɚн
өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
көміліп
ɬɚмыɪ
қɚɛɚɬының
жɚз
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
қызɭы
көшɟɬɬɟɪінің
өɫɭінɟ
ɬɟɪіɫ
ɚйɞɚн
қɚлɭы
кԛйɭі
жоғɚɪғы
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
ɛɚɫɬɚлɚɞы
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɫы
ɚɪɬып
ɞɟйін
жɟɬкɟн
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚцияғɚ
жымɚлы
шɚғыл
жԛɪɝізілɝɟн
зɟɪɬɬɟɭлɟɪ
нəɬижɟлɟɪі
олɚɪɞы
ɮиɬомɟлиоɪɚциялɚɭɞɚ
жɚɪɬылɚй
нɟмɟɫɟ
кɟɪіɫіншɟ
ɬɚмыɪлɚɪының
жɚлɚңɚшɬɚнып
қɚлɭы
ɛолмɚғɚнның
ылғɚлɞылықɬың
мөлшɟɪі
ылғɚлɞылығынɚн
ɬԛɫɭі
кɟɬɭінɟ
қɚɭіп
ɬɭғызɚɞы
Оɫылɚɪмɟн
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚғы
жоғɚɪы
ыɫɭы
(46
өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
мойнɚғының
қɚɭпін
ɬɭɞыɪɚɞы
Қоɪыɬынɞы
Ȼɚлқɚш
шөлɞің
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪы
қоныɫ
ɬɟпкɟн
шɚɪɭɚ
ɚɭыл
мɟкɟнɞɟɪінің
ɫɚлɞɚɪынɚн
қыɫқɚ
(5-7
жылжымɚлы
шɚғылɞɚɪғɚ
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
ɛɟɬкɟйінің
ԛɪлɟнɭі
ɟɞəɭіɪ
кԛɪɞɟлɟɬɟɞі
жоɬɚ
ɛөліɝінɞɟɝі
ɞɚлɚлық
ɞымқылɞылығы
көшɟɬɬɟɪінің
оɪнɚлɚɫɚɬын
ɬɟɪɟңɞікɬɟ
(20-40
жыл
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
өɫімɞікɬɟɪɞің
ɫолɭ
(1,7%)
ɛолɭы
ɬɚмыɪлɚɪының
қɚлɭы
кɟɭіп
қɚɭпін
ɬɭɞыɪɚɞы
оɫылɚɪғɚ
ɛɚйлɚныɫɬы
ɛԝɬɚ
көшɟɬɬɟɪін
өɫіɪɭ
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
қɚлыпɬɚɫқɚн
ылғɚлɞылық
жɚз
ɚйлɚɪынɞɚ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
[1]
ɫɬокɚ
Ȼɚлɯɚшɫкоɝо
ɪɟɝионɚ
//
Мɟжɞɭнɚɪоɞный
ɮоɪɭм
Ȼɚлɯɚш
.
[2]
Измɟнɟниɟ
//
Мɟжɞɭнɚɪоɞнɚя
экɫпɟɪɬоɜ
. 2003. 173
[3]
Кɪɚпчɟɜɫкий
ȼлɚɝозɚпɚɫы
климɚɬɚ
//
Почɜоɜɟɞɟниɟ
.
1995.
8. C. 933-942.
[4]
Ⱥɪинɭшкинɚ
Ɋɭкоɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɯимичɟɫкомɭ
ɚнɚлизɭ
почɜ
.:
. 387-421.
[5]
Ɏɟɞоɪоɜɫкий
Зɚɜиɫимоɫɬь
ɜлɚжноɫɬь
оɫмоɬичɟɫкоɝо
ɪɚɫɬɜоɪɚ
//
Почɜоɜɟɞɟниɟ
10.
. 612-631.
[6]
нɚимɟньшɟй
ɜлɚɝоɟмкоɫɬи
//
Почɜоɜɟɞɟниɟ
. 1966.
. 43-45.
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫкий
нɚционɚльный
ɚɝɪɚɪный
Ⱥлмɚɬы
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ȽИȾɊОɌȿɊМИЧȿɋКИЙ
ɊȿЖИМ
ОЧȺȽОȼ
ПОȾȼИЖНЫɏ
ȻȺɊɏȺНОȼ
ОȻɊȺЗОȼȺȼШИɏɋЯ
ȺНɌɊОПОȽȿННОЙ
ȾȿȽɊȺȾȺЦИИ
ПȿɋЧȺНЫɏ
ПОЧȼ
ПɍɋɌЫНЬ
пɪиɜɟɞɟны
ɫɟзонноɝо
ɝиɞɪоɬɟɪмичɟɫкоɝо
ɪɟжимɚ
очɚɝоɜ
поɞɜижныɯ
ɯɚноɜ
оɛɪɚзоɜɚɜшиɯɫя
ɚнɬɪопоɝɟнной
почɜ
полɭчиɜшиɟ
шиɪокоɟ
ɪɚɫпɪоɫɬɪɚнɟниɟ
Пɪиɛɚлɯɚшьɟ
опɪɟɞɟлɟний
пɪоɜɟɞɟнныɟ
чɚɫɬи
ɛɚɪɯɚнɚ
ɝлɭɛинɚɯ
0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80, 80-100
нɚпɪɚɜлɟнии
ɝоɫ
поɞɫɬɜɭющиɯ
ɜɟɬɪоɜ
покɚзыɜɚюɬ
чɬо
ɫɚмɚя
ɜыɫокɚя
нɚɛлюɞɚɟɬɫя
мɟɫяцɟ
(4,71-7,06%),
коɬоɪɚя
поɫɬɟпɟнно
ɫнижɚɟɬɫя
3,62-4,73%,
1,55-4,54%,
1,16-3,63%
0,71-1,45%.
ɝлɭɛинɟ
ɪɚɫположɟния
коɪнɟɜой
(20-60
пɟɫкоɭкɪɟпляющиɯ
лɟɫокɭɫɬɚɪникоɜ
ɭɪоɜня
ɜлɚжноɫɬи
зɚɜяɞɚния
(1,7%).
ɫоɫɬояниɟ
пɪи
опɬимɚльныɯ
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɬɟмпɟɪɚɬɭɪы
ɜозможноɫɬи
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟнɚ
поɞɜижноɫɬи
ɜɟɪɯниɯ
или
пɪиɜоɞиɬ
оɛнɚжɟнию
поɫлɟɞнɟй
пɟɫок
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚция
ɛɚɪɯɚны
ɝиɞɪоɬɟɪмичɟɫкий
ɪɟжим
ɚɜɬоɪɚɯ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜич

ɫɟльɫкоɯозяйɫɬɜɟнныɯ
ɚɫɫоцииɪоɜɚнный
пɪо
пɪоɮɟɫɫоɪ
почɜоɜɟɞɟния
ɚɝɪоɯимии
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, [email protected]
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Ⱥɫɯɚɬ
ɏɚмиɬоɜич

ɞокɬоɪ
PhD,
ɚɫɫоциɪоɜɚнный
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, [email protected]
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Ȼɟкзɚɬ

ɞокɬоɪɚнɬ
почɜоɜɟɞɟния
ɚɝɪоɯимии
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬы
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 121 128
K. Kubenkulov, N. A. Khokhanbaeva,
A. Kh. Naushabaev, N. Seitkali
Kazakh national agricultural university, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
E-mail: [email protected] [email protected]
[email protected] [email protected]
COMPARATIVE AMELIORATIVE EFFICIENCY
OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM AND SULFUR IN SEMI-TERRESTRIAL
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
зɚɫолɟнныɟ
щɟлочныɟ
полɭчили
ɪɚɫпɪɟɞлɟниɟ
ɞɜɭɯ
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
пояɫɟɫɪɟɞи
ɫолонцɟɜɚɬыɯ
25
Шɚня

лɭɝоɜыɯ
лɭɝоɜо
кɚшɬɚноɜыɯ
лɭɝоɜо
(7.09
) [1].
Оɫноɜным
мɟɬоɞом
яɜляɟɬɫя
ɜнɟɫɟниɟ
Оɞнɚко
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚниями
поɫлɟɞниɯ
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟно
ɪɟнɬɚɛɟльноɫɬь
ɬɪɚɞиционныɯ
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
пɟɪɜонɚчɚльной
ɜɫлɟɞɫɬɜиɟ
кɪиɫɬɚллоɜ
изолиɪɭющɚя
окɪɭжɚющɟй
[2, 3].
нɚиɛолɟɟ
низкой
оɬличɚɟɬɫя
поɜышɟния
ɜɪɟмя
ɛɭɪной
нɟɮɬɟɝɚзоɞоɛычи
ɪɟɫпɭɛликɟ
ɪоɫɬɭ
пɪоɞɭкɬɚ

ɪɟɫпɭɛликɟ
пɪɟɜыɫил
ɫɬɚлɚ
кɪɭпнɟйшим
[4],
ɫɜязи
ɭɬилизɚций
иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚниями
20092012
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟно
пɟɪɜый
25%
ɫɟɪнɭю
киɫлоɬɭ
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
полноɝо
ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬɫя
ɝоɞɚ
[5].
ɫложиɜшиɟɫя
ɪɟɫпɭɛликɟ
оɛɫɬояɬɟльɫɬɜɚ
нɚличиɟ
знɚчиɬɟльной
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
зонɚɯ
инɬɟнɫиɜноɝо
зɟмлɟɞɟлия
низкɚя
нынɟ
пɪимɟняɟмоɝо
чɟɫɬɜɚ
нɚкоплɟнной
ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬ
ɬɟɯнолоɝий
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
ɜзɝляɞ
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлɟнɚ
ɭɫко
ɜыɫокой
чɚɫɬиц
мɟɬоɞикɚ
Иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚния
2015
2016
ɝоɞы
Ɍɚлɝɚɪɫкоɝо
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкой
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟния
ɫɪɚɜниɬɟльной
ɫоɞоɜо
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
ɜыɛɪɚн
ɭчɚɫɬокплощɚɞью
0,5
ɭчɚɫɬкɚɫɪɟɞнɟ
ɫɭльɮɚɬноɫолончɚкоɜый
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮный
пɭɬɟм
экɜиɜɚлɟнɬныɯ
ɝлɭɛинɭ
0,5
ɮоɪмɭлɟ
Ⱥɝɚɟɜɚ
кɚчɟɫɬɜɟ
иɫпользоɜɚлиɫь
зɚɜоɞɚ
ɭɞоɛɪɟний
ɫɟɪɚ
Ⱥɬɪɚɭɫкоɝо
нɟɮɬɟпɟɪɟɪɚɛоɬыɜɚющɟɝо
(1966) [6].
ɋɯɟмɚ
нижɟɫлɟɞɭющɚя
опыɬɚ
мɟлиоɪɚнɬоɜ

Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
15
Элɟмɟнɬɚɪнɚя
ɫɟɪɚ
5
Площɚɞь
(35) 15
3-
почɜ
(26.06.2015
оɫɟньюпоɫлɟ
4,5
инкɭɛɚции
(07.11.2015
ɜɟɫной
ɫлɟɞɭющɟɝо
(26.03.2016
(28.04.2016
оɫɭщɟɫɬɜлялоɫь
ɜɫпɚшной
ɝлɭɛинɭ
29
ɫлɟɞɭющим
Ƚлɭɛинɚ
0-20, 20-40
ɜыɬяжки
Ⱥɪинɭшкинɚ
[7].
Полɟɜоɝо
[8, 9].
ɭɞɚлɟния
ɜɬоɪничныɯ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɜзɚимоɞɟйɫɬɜия
2016
пɪоɜоɞилɚɫь
Ɋɚɫчɟɬнɚя
2
(6.04
14.04.2016
.)
6900
4600
ɜɫɟɝо
поɞɞɟɪжиɜɚлɚɫь
опɬимɚльнɚя
ɜлɚжноɫɬь
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
оɛɫɭжɞɟниɟ
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɜыɬяжки
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬоɜ
зɚɫолɟнноɫɬи
ɫɭммɚ
0,5-0,7%).
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜлɟны
ɫоɞоɜо
ɫɭльɮɚɬным
ɬɚɛлицɚ
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
1
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜыɬяжки
ɫɭльɮɚɬноɝо
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮноɝо
ɫолонцɚ
ɫɜɟɬлыɯ
ɫɟɪозɟмоɜ
экɜ
Ƚлɭɛинɚ
2-
2-
2+
ɋɭммɚ
ɫолɟй
0,087
0,098
0,103
0,011
0,022
0,019
0,021
0,39
0,40
0,42
0,087
0,095
0,1
0,03
0,03
0,034
0,076
0,070
0,085
0,692
0,715
0,774
8,0
8,2
8,2
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
0,068
0,095
0,100
0,014
0,026
0,024
0,021
0,41
0,20
0,19
0,085
0,035
0,045
0,034
0,016
0,018
0,077
0,084
0,071
0,777
0,454
0,459
8,1
8,2
8,3
ɋɟɪɚ
0,090
0,117
0,141
0,018
0,022
0,026
0,026
0,37
0,25
0,21
0,08
0,05
0,04
0,034
0,021
0,015
0,063
0,052
0,110
0,659
0,516
0,560
8,1
8,2
8,5
пɪиɫɭɬɫɬɜɭюɬ
ɜɫɟ
нɟɝɚɬиɜно
ɜлияющиɟ
ɪɚзɜиɬиɟ
нɚиɛольший
ɭɪон
оɬмɟчɚɟɬɫя
ɫолонцɟɜɚɬоɫɬи
ɭчɚɫɬкɚ
нɚличиɟ
зɚмɟɬноɝо
0,8
100
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
кɚк
ɭɜɟличиɜɚɟɬɫя
ɝлɭɛиной
2
100
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
(40-60
пɪиɫɭɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ
знɚчиɬɟльно
пɪɟɜышɚющиɟ
поɪоɝоɜɭю
концɟнɬɪɚцию
почɜы
ɫɜязи
чɟм
нижний
ɜыɫокɭю
8,2-8,5).
ɋоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
пɪоɮилю
почɜыɪɚɜномɟɪноɟ
(0,60-0,75
100
кɚличɟɫɬɜɚɯ
пɪɟɜышɚющɟɝо
поɪоɝоɜɭю
(0,35
100
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜий
ɚнионоɜ
концɟнɬɪɚциɟй
оɬличɚɟɬɫя
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
(7-8
100
концɟнɬɪɚции
(1,7
4
ɭмɟньшɚɟɬɫя
ɝлɭɛиной
4-5
100
ɚнионном
ɝоɜоɪяɬ
ɭчɚɫɬкɚ
пɪɟɞɫɬɚɜлɟн
ɫɭльɮɚɬным
ɜыɬяжки
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪизɭɟɬɫя
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟм
кɚльция
Поɜышɟннɚя
концɟнɬɪɚция
нɚɬɪия
ɛыɬь
оɛъяɫнɟнɚ
нɚличиɟм
знɚчиɬɟльной
зɚɫолɟнноɫɬью
ɫоɫɬояниɟ
мɟлиоɪиɪɭɟмой
ɯɚɪɚкɬɟɪизɭɟɬɫя
ɫɪɟɞнɟй
щɟлочноɫɬью
оɛɭɫлоɜлɟннɚя
поɜышɟнным
ɫоɞɟɪжɚнɬɟм
ионɚ
ɜɫɟмɭ
нɚличиɟм
ноɪмɚльныɯ
нижнɟй
ɬɚкжɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟм
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚний
Na
ɮоɪмиɪɭюɬ
ɬокɫичныɟ
пɪɟоɛлɚɞɚниɟм
ɫолɟй
NaHCO
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɜыɬяжки
ɬɚɛлицɚ
2),
конɬɪольноɝо
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚ
покɚзыɜɚюɬ
зɚмɟɬныɯ
измɟнɟний
цɟнɬɪɚций
кɚкɜ
ɭɜɟличɟниɟНɋО
нижниɯ
ɝоɪизонɬɚɯ
2,45
8,0
4,00
ɫнижɟниɟ
4,9
1,55
2,8
0,80
поɜышɟниɟ
концɟнɬɪɚций
поɞлɚɯɚɬном
5,06
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
2
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫɚ
ɫɟɪы
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜоɞной
ɜыɬяжки
ɫɪɟɞнɟɫоɞоɜо
ɫɭльɮɚɬноɝо
ɜыɫоконɚɬɪиɟɜоɝо
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮноɝо
ɫɜɟɬлыɯ
Ƚлɭɛинɚ
2-
2-
2+
ɋɭммɚ
ɫолɟй
0,092
0,143
0,156
0,021
0,014
0,019
0,31
0,24
0,17
0,07
0,03
0,03
0,03
0,01
0,009
0,060
0,116
0,085
0,583
0,553
0,739
8,3
8,5
8,6
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
0,095
0,095
0,156
0,003
0,007
0,019
0,017
0,021
0,34
0,42
0,38
0,07
0,03
0,03
0,028
0,025
0,013
0,051
0,182
0,193
0,603
0,772
0,804
8,2
8,5
8,8
0,048
0,061
0,069
0,021
0,021
0,021
0,636
0,620
0,420
0,1
0,08
0,08
0,034
0,03
0,031
0,156
0,186
0,089
0,995
0,998
0,710
7,4
7,4
7,4
почɜы
концɟнɬɪɚций
жиɞкой
конɬɪольноɝо
оɛɭɫлоɜлиɜɚɟɬ
ɪоɫɬɭ
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
ɫолɟй
нɚɬɪия
(NaHCO
ɭмɟньшɟнию
ɬокɫичныɯ
Na
aSO
Оɬмɟчɟнныɟ
инɬɟɪɜɚльно
поɜылиɜ
знɚчɟниɟ
8.1, 8.3.
ȼнɟɫɟниɟ
знɚчиɬɟльно
поɜыɫил
иɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
Na

4,20
8,40
3,40
8,20
100
нɟзнɚчиɬɟльно
ɫнизиɜ
0-
Mg
2+
поɜышɟниɟ
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ɫчɟɬ
ɪɚɫɬɜоɪ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚщийɫя
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
ППК
ионɚми
кɚльция
инкɭɛɚция
зɚɫолɟнном
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮном
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɟнноɟɜлияниɟ
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜыɬяжки
поɜыɫиɜ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɟнныɯ
измɟнɟний
оɫɬɚльныɯ
ɛолɟɟзнɚчиɬɟльныɟ
измɟнɟния
нɚɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜоɞной
Нɚиɛолɟɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚний
HCO
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
0-20, 20-40
40-60
ɫоɫɬɚɜиɜшиɟ
1,48, 1,92
2,32
ɫнизилиɫь
0,80, 1.00
1,14
экɜ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
(0,60
100
Оɬмɟчɟнныɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɫнижɟния
поɜышɟнной
щɟлочноɫɬи
ɪɟɚкциями
нɟйɬɪɚлизɚции
ɫлɟɞɭющɟй
H2CO3
H2CO3
пɪоɬɟкɚний
поɞɬɜɟɪжɞɚɟɬ
ɪоɫɬ
концɟнɬɪɚций
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
ɞоɜнɟɫɟниɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
0-20, 20-40, 40-60
7,75, 5,38, 4,38
100
4,5
инкɭɛɚции
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
поɜыɫилɟɫьɞо
13.25, 13.00, 8.75
100
171,
242, 200%
ɫооɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟнно
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
чɬо
ɫɟɪнɚя
жиɞкой
ɮɚзой
ɜɫɬɭпɚɟɬ
ɪиɫɭнок
Ƚипоɬɟɬичɟɫкɚя
ɜозɞɟйɫɬɜия
ɫɟɪы
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɫоɞоɜо
зɚɫолɟнныɯ
почɜ
ɫɯɟмы
[10]
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
ɜзɚимоɞɟйɫɬɜий
ɫɟɪной
оɬчɚɫɬи
ɪɚзɪɭшɚɟɬɫя
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
пояɜляюɬɫя
ɭлɚɜлиɜɚɟɬɫя
ɚнɚлизɟ
ɜоɞной
ɜыɬяжки
покɚзыɜɚɟɝо
знɚчиɬɟльноɫɬи
Mg
ɫлояɯ
20-40
40-60
160, 200%
143, 210%
ɫɪɚɜнɟнию
ɜнɟɫɟния
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɭɜɟличиɜɚɟɬ
концɟнɬɪɚции
ɫчɟɬ
ɜыɬɟɫнɟнноɝо
ионɚ
ɫлояɯ
0-20
20-40
ɜнɟɫɟния
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
ɜыɬяжкɟ
ɫооɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟнно
ɫоɫɬɚɜили
2,75
2,29
4,5
инкɭɛɚции
ɟɝо
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
6,63
8,10
100
241
354%.
Оɬɫюɞɚ
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪнɚя
ɫɟɪɚ
нɟйɬɪɚлизɚциɟй
щɟлочныɯ
ɫолɟйɬɚк
жɟɛолɟɟ
ɚкɬиɜно
ɭчɚɫɬɜɭɟɬ
ɪɚɫɫолонцɟɜɚнии
ɫɪɚɜнɟнию
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟния
ɜлияний
климɚɬичɟɫкиɯ
почɜнɚми
(6.03.2016
ɛыл
пɪоɜɟɞɟн
оɫмоɬɪ
ɞɟлянок
Окɚзɚлиɫь
пɭшиɫɬыми
конɬɪольныɯ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚɯ
Нɟɫколько
, (26.03.2016
оɬоɛɪɚны
ɪɚннɟɜɟɫɟниɯ
климɚɬичɟɫкиɯ
ɭɫлоɜий
ɫолɟɜой
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɜоɞной
ɜыɬяжки
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
ɜлияниɟ
климɚɬичɟɫкиɯ
ɭɫлоɜий
конɬɪольноɝо
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚ
окɚзыɜɚɟɬзɚмɟɬныɯ
измɟнɟний
ɬоɝɞɚ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚɯ
оɬмɟчɚɟɬɫя
ɫнижɟниɟ
0-40
1,5
1,65
экɜ
ɫɟɪой
1,65
0,82
).
измɟнɟния
ɭкɚзыɜɚюɬ
пɪоɞолжɚющиɯɯимичɟɫкиɯ
ɯимичɟɫкиɯ
почɜɟ
ɪɚɫпɚɞɚ
окиɫлɟнии
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
3
ɭɫлоɜий
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜоɞной
ɜыɬяжки
ɜɚɪиɚнɬоɜ
опыɬɚ
экɜ
Ƚлɭɛинɚ
2-
2-
2+
ɋɭммɚ
ɫолɟй
0,104
0,098
0,032
0,018
0,018
0,014
0,204
0,228
0,246
0,063
0,065
0,030
0,059
0,011
0,004
0,059
0,062
0,095
0,457
0,482
0,421
8,1
8,1
7,8
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
0,054
0,084
0,077
0,59
0,011
0,008
0,019
0,288
0,300
0,300
0,102
0,058
0,057
0,011
0,006
0,007
0,029
0,102
0,109
0,495
0,558
0,585
7,8
8,1
8,2
0,045
0,055
0,108
0,59
0,008
0,009
0,009
0,284
0,344
0,320
0,085
0,065
0,070
0,012
0,011
0,008
0,038
0,098
0,116
0,472
0,582
0,647
7,2
7,6
7,8
ляюɬɫя
зɚмɟɬном
ɭɜɟличɟний
ɫоɞɟɪжɚния
конɬɪольным
0-40
ɫоɫɬɚɜил
4,50
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚɯ
ɫоɫɬɚɜили
6,13
6,55
экɜ
100
ɫоɞɟɪжɚния
4,0
или
0,80
ɛольшɟ
(3,20
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
ɫчɟɬ
ɪɚɫɬɜоɪ
жиɞкɭю
почɜы
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɪɚзложɟния
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
ɜыɫокой
концɟнɬɪɚции
(0,90
ɫɪɚɜнɟнию
(0,68
оɛъяɫниɬь
мɚɝниɟм
ɜышɟɞ
ɪɚɫɬɜоɪ
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɪɚзложɟния
ɫɟɪной
ɋоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
нɚɬɪия
ɜыɬяжкɟ
чɬо
ɛыɬь
оɛъяɫнɟн
оɫɚɞкɚми
ȼлияниɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
количɟɫɬɜом
кɚльция
ɪɚɫɬɜоɪɟний
ɝипɫɚ
оɛɟɫпɟчиɜɚя
экɜиɜɚлɟнɬноɝо
количɟɫɬɜɚ
нɚɬɪия
ППК
ɪɚɫɬɜоɪ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
-
количɟɫɬɜом
кɚльция
ɫɟɪной
ɞɟɫяɬимɟɫячнɚя
инкɭɛɚция
(26.06.15
26.03.16
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮном
ɫɭльɮɚɬном
ɫɪɟɞнɟɫолончɚкоɜом
ɫɭщɟɫɬɜɟнноɟ
ɜлияниɟнɚ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
ɫɭммы
ɫɪɟɞы
оɫоɛɟнно
ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬ
пɪоɜɟɞɟния
ɫлɟɞɭющɟɝо
пɟɪɜичныɯ
ɜɫпɚшкɚнɚ
ɝлɭɛинɭ
25
ɜɚɪиɚнɬоɜ
низкой
ɭɜлɚжнялиɫь
1000
ɞɟлянкɭ
667
почɜы
(6.04.16
14.04.16
поɞɚчɟй
чɟɬыɪɟ
кɚжɞый
ɫоɫɬɚɜили
6900
4600
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
поɫлɟɞным
чɟɬɜɟɪɬым
ɬɚкɬом
(1500
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫом
ɜпиɬыɜɚлɚɫь
знɚчиɬɟльно
(5
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚɯ
ɭкɚзыɜɚюɬ
ɭɫɬɚноɜлɟниɟ
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬи
чɟɪɟз
(28.04.2016
ɫɭммы
ɜыɬяжки
ɬɚɛлицɚ
4
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɜыɬяжки
экɜ
Ƚлɭɛинɚ
2-
2-
2+
ɋɭммɚ
ɫолɟй

0,185
0,185
0,145
0,022
0,019
0,012
0,009
0,013
0,018
0,152
0,164
0,176
0,035
0,032
0,028
0,004
0,004
0,003
0,124
0,128
0,121
0,738
0,545
0,503
8,6
8,6
8,6
Ɏоɫɮоɝипɫ
0,349
0,183
0,141
0,009
0,012
0,007
0,012
0,012
0,011
0,132
0,132
0,168
0,030
0,038
0,035
0,004
0,004
0,005
0,081
0,088
0,094
0,617
0,469
0,455
8,5
8,4
8,3
0,121
0,123
0,172
0.012
0,011
0,011
0,011
0,007
0,009
0,084
0,159
0,128
0,047
0,072
0,047
0,003
0,008
0,007
0,037
0,013
0,097
0,315
0,393
0,471
8,2
8,2
8,3
ɚнɚлизɚ
ɜоɞной
ɜыɬяжки
ɫлɟɞɭɟɬ
почɜ
ɪоɫɬɭ
ɪɟзкоɟ
ɭɜɟличɟниɟ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
конɬɪольноɝо
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚ
ɫɪɟɞнɟɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
 0െ
НɋО
ɫоɫɬɚɜил
1,65
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜоɜɚл
поɫлɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
3,04
пояɜилɫя
знɚчиɬɟльном
количɟɫɬɜɟ
(0,70
конɬɪольноɝо
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚ
ɫпоɫоɛɫɬɜоɜɚло
зɚмɟɬномɭ
концɟнɬɪɚции
ɫɭльɮɚɬ
4,50
3,30
3,20
1,67
0,85
0,33
2,65
5,47
пɪиɜɟли
знɚчиɬɟльномɭ
ɪоɫɬɭ
ɫɭммы
0,642%)
8,1
8,6).
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
нɟоɞнознɚчными
почɜ
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫом
знɚчиɬɟльномɭ
1,13
4,36
0,37
экɜ
оɬɫɭɬɫɬɜоɜɚɜший
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
поɜышɟнию
0,81
2,00
0,00
0,38
поɫлɟɞнɟм
почɜɟнныɟ
ɭɫлоɜий
окɚзɚлɚ
положиɬɟльноɟ
ɜлияниɟ
ɫɭщɟ
6,13
2,75
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
6,55

ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
почɜɟнном
знɚчиɬɟльном
4,00
1,71
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
3,75
3,00
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
ɫоɞɟɪжɚний
Mg
концɟнɬɪɚция
знɚчиɬɟльно
пɪиɜɟли
ɫнижɟнию
Mg
0,68
0,32
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
0,90
0,46
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ȼлияниɟ
пɪомыɜки
ɫоɞɟɪжɚниɟ
Na
ɜɚɪиɚнɬоɜ
окɚзɚлиɫь
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫом
ɭɜɟличɟниɟ
2,84
3,66
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
знɚчиɬɟльноɟ
ɫнижɟниɟ
2,96
ɜыɫокой
Ɋɟзɭльɬɚɬы
количɟɫɬɜɟнныɯ
измɟнɟний
ɫоɫɬɚɜɟ
ɜнɟɫɟнныɯ
пɪоɜɟɞɟнной
нɟоɞнознɚчноɟ
ɜлияниɟ
ɫɭммы
ɜнɟɫɟниɟ
ɭɜɟличɟнию
ɫɭммы
ɫолɟй
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɚɯ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
пɪɟимɭщɟɫɬɜом
поɫлɟɞнɟм
окɚзɚлɚ
ɜлияниɟ
ɜɫɟɝо
0,032%)
ɜɚɪиɚнɬɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫом
0,527
0,543%,
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
знɚчиɬɟльномɭ
жɚниɟ
ɫолɟй
ɫнизилиɫь
0,527 %
0,354 %.
ɛолɟɟ
ɬокɫичными
ɜɫпышки
щɟлочноɫɬи
Зɚключɟниɟ
Пɪиɜɟɞɟнныɟ
ɮɚкɬичɟɫкиɟ
мɚɬɟɪиɚлы
полɭчɟнныɟ
полɟɜоɝо
ɫɪɚɜниɬɟльной
ɫɪɟɞнɟɫоɞоɜоɫɭльɮɚɬном
ɜыɫоконɚɬɪиɟɜым
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮным
ɫɜɟɬлыɯ
ɫɟɪɟзɟмоɜ
ɫɜиɞɟɬɟльɫɬɜɭюɬ
знɚчиɬɟльном
пɪɟимɭщɟɫɬɜɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫом
позɜоляющɚя
пɪоɞолжиɬɟльноɫɬь
[1]
почɜ
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
Нɚɭкɚ
, 1978. 172 c.
[2]
Пɫɟɜɞомоɪɮозы
почɜɚɯ
//
Ⱦокɭчɚɟɜɚ
1950.
. 202-206.
[3] Chawla K.L., Abrol I.P. Effect of
gypsum fineness on the reclam
ation of sodic soils // Agri
cultural water Management.
1982. Vol. 5, N 1. P. 41-50.
[4]
Конɬɭɪный
ɬɟɯнолоɝичɟɫкоɝо
нɟɮɬɟɝɚзоɜой
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
2:
ɬɟɯнолоɝичɟɫ
ɫложноɫɬɟй
Поɞɝоɬоɜлɟно
Ⱦɟпɚɪɬɚмɟнɬ
пɪоɟкɬоɜ
ɬɟɯнолоɝий
.
2011.
. 44-47.
[5]
Ȼɟɫпɚлоɜɚ
ɫɜойɫɬɜɚ
пɪоɞɭкɬиɜноɫɬь
//
ɫɟльɫкоɯозяйɫɬɜɟнной
нɚɭки
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚнɚ
. 1988.
2. C. 2-23.
[6]
Мɟɬоɞичɟɫкиɟ
ɭкɚзɚния
лɚɛоɪɚɬоɪно
зɚняɬиям
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜномɭ
почɜоɜɟɞɟнию
., 1981. 38
[7]
Ⱥɪинɭшкинɚ
Ɋɭкоɜоɞɫɬɜо
ɯимичɟɫкомɭ
ɚнɚлизɭ
почɜ
.:
. 387-421.
[8]
Мɟɬоɞикɚ
Ⱥɝɪопɪомизɞɚɬ
, 1985.
[9] Coyne M.S., ThompsonJ.
. Math for soil scientists. Thom
son Delmar Learning press, 2006.
. 238.
[10] Kubenkulov K., Naushabayev A., Hopki
ns D. Reclamation Efficiency of Elem
ental Sulfur on the Soda Saline Soil //
World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013. 23(9).
. 1245-1252.
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬі
ȺШЫҚɋԜɊ
ɌОПЫɊȺҚ
ȺЙМȺҒЫНȾȺҒЫ
ЖȺɊɌЫЛȺЙ
ȽИȾɊОМОɊɎɌЫ
ОɊɌȺШȺ
ɋОȾȺЛЫ
ɋОɊɌȺҢȾȺНҒȺН
КȿȻІɊȾȿ
ɎОɋɎОȽИПɋ
ПȿН
ɋȺЛЫɋɌЫɊМȺЛЫ
МȿЛИОɊȺɌИȼɌІК
Жоғɚɪыɞɚ
кɟлɬіɪɝɟн
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪ
ɚймɚқшɚɫының
жоғɚɪы
нɚɬɪийлі
жɚɪɬылɚй
ɝиɞɪомоɪɮɬы
кɟɛіɪɞɟ
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫ
кԛкіɪɬɬің
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
ɬиімɞілікɬɟɪін
ɛойыншɚ
мɚɬɟɪиɚлɞɚɪ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
ɮоɫɮоɝипɫпɟн
ɪɚɬиɜɬік
ԝзɚқɬығын
қыɫқɚɪɬɭғɚ
ɚɜɬоɪɚɯ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜич

ɫɟльɫкоɯозяйɫɬɜɟнныɯ
пɪоɮɟɫɫоɪ
кɚɮɟɞɪы
почɜоɜɟɞɟния
ɚɝɪоɯимии
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
ɭниɜɟɪɫиɬɟɬɚ
Ⱥлмɚɬы
e-mail: [email protected]
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
PhD
ɞокɬоɪɚнɬ
Почɜоɜɟɞɟниɟ
ɚɝɪоɯимия
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, e-mail: [email protected]
Нɚɭшɚɛɚɟɜ
Ⱥɫɯɚɬ
ɏɚмиɬоɜич

ɞокɬоɪ
PhD,
ɚɫɫоциɪоɜɚнный
пɪоɮɟɫɫоɪ
кɚɮɟɞɪы
Почɜоɜɟɞɟниɟ
ɚɝɪоɯимия
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, e-mail: [email protected]
Нɭɪзиɯɚн

ɞокɬоɪ
PhD
кɚɮɟɞɪы
Почɜоɜɟɞɟниɟ
ɚɝɪоɯимия
Кɚзɚɯɫкоɝо
нɚционɚльноɝо
ɚɝɪɚɪноɝо
, e-mail: [email protected]
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
SERIES OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
ISSN 2224-526
Volume 1, Number 43 (2018), 129 133
UDC 330.322.214
Almaty Academy of Economics
E-mail: [email protected]
INVESTMENT MECHANISM IN AIC
Abstract
. The authors consider the aspects of the agricultural policy of the EAEC States in the sphere of
lending. It has been noted that lending mechanism in the EAEC
member countries is insuffic
iently unified. It should
include preferential lending for long-term loans, reduction of interest rates, lending directly from government
sources through collateral transactions mechanism, developm
ent of mortgage lending, establishing appropriate insti-
tutions (agricultural bank, lending cooperatives, financial-indu
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
The development of investment projects requires the use of the terms and resources of the Eurasian
Development Bank which is established in the EA
EC countries, which will provide equal economic
conditions for them [3].
In Russia, in 2016 agricultural producers receive
d loans on subsidizing terms from 4% to 7% per
annum, investment lending resources - from 5 to 8%
per annum aimed to increase the access to lending
expenditures. To subsidize lending of producers in crop
production, 39% of subsid
ies, small farms - 5.4%,
processing - 4.6%, livestock production - 51%, meat a
nd dairy farming - 13% subsidies have been
allocated [4, 5].
In Belarus, the State takes part in lending to th
e AIC; preferential terms for the issuance of various
types of loans are being developed. Priority areas of lending include the implementation of investment
projects: the formation of the main flock, purchase
of machinery, construction of production facilities,
housing in rural areas for agricultural workers; le
nding support for businesses which provide repair, main-
tenance, procuring and processing of agricultural pr
oducts aimed to pay them advances for supplied
agricultural products; loans to organizations authoriz
ed to purchase machinery for subsequent delivery to
agricultural enterprises; loans to organizations enga
ged in construction, rec
onstruction, repair of
production facilities of agricultural enterprises. The dynami
cs of weighted average interest rates in agri-
culture was 16.3%. The total volume of loans (52% - shor
t-term loans, 48% - long-term). The main part of
long-term loans is directed at construction (77.7%),
short-term loans for the purchase of commodity and
material values [6].
In Kazakhstan, the share of loans in the AIC is
3.9% of the total economic volume. Preferential
lending is provided in the following areas: Agricultura
l Lending Corporation - for the development of
agricultural production and processing of agricultura
l products up to 10 years; JSC KazAgroFinance
(implementation of new investment projects, purchas
e of equipment and machinery), lending term up to
12 years, loans and leasing for machinery and equipmen
t from 5 to 10 years; JSC "Financial support for
agriculture" - micro loans for the period up to 4.5 years.
The interest rate is up to 14% per annum, includi
ng subsidies from 4 to 7% per annum. The program
on lending to households in dairy farming is being impl
emented, loans are granted at a rate of up to 11%
per annum (including subsidies up to 7%) for up to 7 years (table 1).
Table 1 Interest rates on lending resources in the EAEC countries in 2016, %
Index Armenia Belarus Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Russia
Refinancing rate 6,2 18 12 5,0 10
Weighted average interest rates on Loans to individuals
(in national currency)

on short-term loans 21,1 25 21,1 32,2 23,0
on long-term loans 18,4 21,3 18,5 29,9 17,0
Weighted average interest rates on Loans to legal entities
(in national currency)

on short-term loans 13,8 25,8 17,5 23,7 12,6
on long-term loans 14,1 23,5 14,1 23,1 13,0
Weighted average interest rates on Loans to individuals
(in foreign currency)

on short-term loans 14,5 13,2 10,9 13,4 11,1
on long-term loans 14,4 11,2 10,5 18,5 9,1
Weighted average interest rates on Loans to legal entities
(in foreign currency)

on short-term loans 8,4 8,7 7,5 12,6 5,8
on long-term loans 9,7 9,0 8,1 12,3 5,7
Data of the EAEC in figures // A
llection. M., 2017.
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Agricultural producers receive investment subsidi
es up to 50% for the purchase of machinery and
equipment, construction of fatteni
ng grounds, reproduction farms, poultry
farms, meat processing plants,
feed mills and processing plants.
Thus, the system of lending of economic mechan
ism plays a significant role in increasing the
efficiency of the AIC in the EAEC countries, compensa
tion of a part of the loan rates at the expense of
Gross domestic product, bln.
USD 47,2 1286,1 135 6,6 10,5 1485,4
Gross agricultural production, bln. USD 7,6 84,1 10,6 2,8 1,9 107
Loans to the economy, total Bln. USD 24,3 639,7 28,7 1,4 5,5 699,6
AIC loans, bln. USD 2,7 27,1 2,6 0,14 0,4 32,9
Share of gross agricultural productio
n in GDP, % 16,1 6,5 7,8 42,4 18,1 7,2
Share of AIC loans in total loans
volume, % 11,1 4,2 9,0 10,0 7,3 4,7
Share of loans in GDP, % 51,5 49,7 21,3 21,2 52,4 47,1
Share of agribusiness loans in gr
oss output, % 35,5 32,2 24,5 5,0 21 30,7
Produced GDP for loans, USD 1,9 2,0 4,7 4,7 1,9 2,1
Produced gross agricultural output for loans 2,8 3,1 4,1 20,0 4,8 3,3
Data of the EAEC in figures // A brie
f statistical compila
tion. Moscow, 2017.
The loan stimulating function- is the possibility
of production development without availability of
own funds. Depending on material form
of the loan value, the commodity, monetary and mixed forms of
loan are distinguished. The commodity form of the loan
-is the delivery of goods with a deferred payment,
sale by installments, rental property, equipmen
t leasing, commodity loan, some storage options.
The system of agricultural lending should be impr
oved in the following areas: the development of
mechanisms of public regulation and supervision
of lending, and observance of the principle of
accessibility of loans to agricultural
producers; use of public funds and
results of agricultural lending and
subsidizing program; improvement of
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
from public sources through the mechanism of collateral
transactions, development of a mortgage loan in
commercial bank systems, establishing system of tool
s, lending institutions (a
commercial banks, lending cooperatives,
participation of the Eurasian Development Bank and
lending of agricultural sector, establish Common guaran
teed fund for lending to large joint projects in
AIC aimed to ensure greater loan accessibility.
In Armenia, loan resources allo
cated to agriculture make up 8.
3%, industry - 25%, construction -
12.6%, trade - 16%; in Belarus, financial support vol
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Ⱥɜɬоɪлɚɪ
нɟɫиɟлɟɭ
ɫɚлɚɫынɞɚғы
экономикɚлық
ɟлɞɟɪінің
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
қɚɪɚɫɬыɪɚɞы
экономикɚлық
оɞɚққɚ
ɟлɞɟɪɞі
жоқ
Ȼԝл
мɟɪзімɞі
нɟɫиɟлɟɪɞі
ɬөмɟн
мөлшɟɪ
кɟпілɞі
мɟɯɚнизмі
ɬікɟлɟй
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
нɟɫиɟлɟɭɞі
ипоɬɟкɚлық
шɚɪɭɚшылық
ɛɚнкɬɟɪін
кɪɟɞиɬɬік
коопɟɪɚɬиɜɬɟɪɞі
қɚɪжы
ɬопɬɚɪɞы
.)
қԝɪɭɞы
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪɞы
ԝɬымɞы
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭғɚ
мԛмкінɞік
мɟɪзімɞі
мɟɪзімɞі
ипоɬɟкɚлық
қоɪлɚɪ
ԛшін
ɚɪнɚйы
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
Ɍԛйін
мɟмлɟкɟɬɬік
нɟɫиɟлɟнɞіɪɭ
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
өнім
ɚɭылшɚɪɭɚшылық
ɬɚɭɚɪөнɞі
ɪɭшілɟɪі
экономикɚлық
оɞɚқ
өнɞіɪіɫ
өɬɟмɚқы
опɟɪɚциялɚɪы
ɚɜɬоɪɟ
Ɍимɭɪ
.,
ɞоцɟнɬ
Ⱥлмɚɬинɫкɚя
Ⱥкɚɞɟмия
экономики
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Ⱦжɚнɝɚɛɭлоɜɚ
.,
.,
Ⱥɪзымɛɟɬоɜ
.,
Жɭмɚɝɟлɞиɟɜ
ɋɚɭынɞы
...............................................................................................................................
.................. 5
Олжɚɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Ⱥлɞɚмɛɟɪɝɟноɜɚ
.,
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭ
ɬиімɞіліɝін
ɚɪɬɬыɪɭ
................................................................................................ 9
.,
Мɭɯɚмɛɟɬоɜɚ
.,
Мɚɬɚɟɜɚ
ȿɬɬі
жɚнɭɚɪлɚɪɞың
ɫɚлɚɫы
................... 22
Ɍɟмɪɟшɟɜ
.,
Ⱥɝɟɟнко
.,
ɋɚɝиɬ
Қɚзɚқɫɬɚн
Ɋɟɫпɭɛликɚɫының
ОҢɌԚɋɌІК
шығыɫынɞɚғы
зиянкɟɫɬɟɪі

ɬɟңқɚнɚɬɬылɚɪ
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
ɚғылшын
ɬілінɞɟ
)............................................ 26
.,
Пɟнɬɚɟɜ
.,
Иɝɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Кɚɪɚɬɚɟɜɚ
.,
Мɟлɞɟɛɟк
Жɟɪпɚйɞɚлɚнɭɞың
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪын
ɬиімɞі
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭɞың
қиыншылықɬɚɪы
ɚғылшын
ɬілінɞɟ
)........ 34
Ɍойжіɝіɬоɜɚ
Ыɫкɚк
.,
Ⱦинɚɫилоɜ
Ниязɛɟкоɜ
Қɚɭын
қɚɪɫы
эколоɝиялық
қɚɭіпɫіз
əɞіɫɬɟɪɞі
қолɞɚнɭ
жəнɟ
ɬиімɞіліɝі
Myiopardalis pardalina
(Bigot).................................................................... 38
Ⱦжɚнɝɚɛɭлоɜɚ
.,
.,
Жɭмɚɝɟлɞиɟɜ
ɚɭыɪғɚн
іɪі
қɚɪɚ
өнімɞɟɪінің
ɝиɫɬолоɝияɫы
...............................................................................................................................
................................................... 42
.,
ɋɟйлɝɚзинɚ
.,
.,
Койɝɟльɞинɚ
.,
.,
Ⱦжɚмɚноɜɚ
.,
қɚлɚɫынɞɚғы
ɚɬынɞɚғы
кɚмпɭɫɬың
ɛɟɬін
ɬіɝінɟн
жɚɫылɞɚнɞыɪɭ
......................... 45
.,
Ԝлɬɬық
ɚɝɪɚɪлық
ɫɟкɬоɪының
ɚймɚқɬық
мəɫɟлɟлɟɪі
..................... 52
Ⱦжɚнɝɚɛɭлоɜɚ
.,
.,
Жɭмɚɝɟлɞиɟɜ
ɋɚɭынɞы
ɫиыɪлɚɪының
кɟзінɞɟɝі
ɚнɚɬомияɫы
...............................................................................................................................
...................................................... 56
.,
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
.,
Жұмɚлиɟɜɚ
.,
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
Ɏɭнкционɚлɞық
жɚңɚ
ɬɚғɚмɞɚɪының
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмикɚлық
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
ɚғышлын
ɬілінɞɟ
).............................. 59
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Жɚзɞық
ɛиɞɚйɞың
ɬɚɬ
ɚɭɪɭнɚ
ɬөзімɞі
ԛлɝілɟɪін
ɚғылшын
ɬілінɞɟ
)............ 66
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Жɚɪɬылɚй
ɫоɞɚлы
кɟɛіɪɞің
қԝɪɚмынɚ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
кԛкіɪɬ
қышқылының
ɫɚлыɫɬыɪмɚлы
əɫɟɪі
ɚғылшын
ɬілінɞɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
........ 69
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
.,
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
қԝмɞы
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪының
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚцияғɚ
ԝшыɪɚɭынɚн
ɬԛзілɝɟн
жылжымɚлы
шɚғыл
ошɚқɬɚɪының
ɚғылшын
ɬілінɞɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
.................. 74
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
.,
Ⱥшықɫԝɪ
ɬопыɪɚқ
ɚймɚғынɞɚғы
жɚɪɬылɚй
оɪɬɚшɚ
ɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
кɟɛіɪɞɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
ɫɚлыɫɬыɪмɚлы
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
ɬиімɞіліɝі
ɚғылшын
ɬілінɞɟ
)..................................................................................................... 79
Ɍɟмɪɟшɟɜ
.,
Ⱥɝɟɟнко
.,
ɋɚɝиɬ
Қɚзɚқɫɬɚн
Ɋɟɫпɭɛликɚɫының
ОҢɌԚɋɌІК
шығыɫынɞɚғы
зиянкɟɫɬɟɪі

ɬɟңқɚнɚɬɬылɚɪ
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
оɪыɫ
ɬілінɞɟ
)................................................... 87
.,
Пɟнɬɚɟɜ
.,
Иɝɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Кɚɪɚɬɚɟɜɚ
.,
Мɟлɞɟɛɟк
Жɟɪпɚйɞɚлɚнɭɞың
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɬɚɪын
ɬиімɞі
пɚйɞɚлɚнɭɞың
қиыншылықɬɚɪы
ɬілінɞɟ
)............... 95
.,
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
.,
Жұмɚлиɟɜɚ
.,
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
Ɏɭнкционɚлɞық
жɚңɚ
ɬɚғɚмɞɚɪының
ɬɟɪмоɞинɚмикɚлық
зɟɪɬɬɟɭ
оɪыɫ
ɬілінɞɟ
)..................................... 99
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
Жɚзɞық
ɛиɞɚйɞың
ɬɚɬ
ɚɭɪɭнɚ
ɬөзімɞі
ԛлɝілɟɪін
ɬілінɞɟ
)...........
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Жɚɪɬылɚй
ɫоɞɚлы
кɟɛіɪɞің
қԝɪɚмынɚ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
кԛкіɪɬ
қышқылының
ɫɚлыɫɬыɪмɚлы
əɫɟɪі
қɚзɚқ
ɬілінɞɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
............... 110
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
.,
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
қԝмɞы
ɬопыɪɚқɬɚɪының
ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚцияғɚ
ԝшыɪɚɭынɚн
ɬԛзілɝɟн
жылжымɚлы
шɚғыл
ошɚқɬɚɪының
ɬілінɞɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
.,
Ⱥшықɫԝɪ
ɬопыɪɚқ
ɚймɚғынɞɚғы
жɚɪɬылɚй
оɪɬɚшɚ
ɫɭльɮɚɬɬы
кɟɛіɪɞɟ
элɟмɟнɬɚɪлы
ɫɚлыɫɬыɪмɚлы
мɟлиоɪɚɬиɜɬік
ɬиімɞіліɝі
оɪыɫ
ɬілінɞɟ
)............
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
Ⱦжɚнɝɚɛɭлоɜɚ
.,
.,
Жɭмɚɝɟлɞиɟɜ
.,
Ⱥɪзымɛɟɬоɜ
коɪоɜ
...............................................................................................................................
............. 5
Олжɚɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Ⱥлɞɚмɛɟɪɝɟноɜɚ
.,
Поɜышɟниɟ
эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬи
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɫиɫɬɟмɚɯ
............................................................ 9
.,
Мɭɯɚмɛɟɬоɜɚ
.,
Мɚɬɚɟɜɚ
Мяɫноɟ

кɚк
оɬɪɚɫль
жиɜоɬноɜоɞɫɬɜɚ
...............................................................................................................................
.............................................. 22
Ɍɟмɪɟшɟɜ
.,
Ⱥɝɟɟнко
.,
ɋɚɝиɬ
Ɋɚɜнокɪылыɟ
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
)
ɜоɫɬокɟ
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
)....................................................................... 26
.,
Пɟнɬɚɟɜ
.,
Иɝɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Кɚɪɚɬɚɟɜɚ
.,
Мɟлɞɟɛɟк
ɪɚционɚльноɝо
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɫиɫɬɟмы
зɟмлɟпользоɜɚния
)..............................................................................................................................
..................................... 34
Ɍойжіɝіɬоɜɚ
Ыɫкɚк
.,
Ⱦинɚɫилоɜ
Ниязɛɟкоɜ
Эɮɮɟкɬиɜноɫɬь
эколоɝичɟɫки
ɛɟзопɚɫныɯ
мɟɬоɞоɜ
пɪоɬиɜ
ɞынной
мɭɯи
Myiopardalispardalina
(Bigot)................................................................................. 38
Ⱦжɚнɝɚɛɭлоɜɚ
.,
.,
Жɭмɚɝɟлɞиɟɜ
Ƚиɫɬолоɝия
кɟɬозɟ
.................................................... 42
.,
ɋɟйлɝɚзинɚ
.,
.,
Койɝɟльɞинɚ
.,
.,
Ⱦжɚмɚноɜɚ
.,
озɟлɟнɟниɟ
ɮɚɫɚɞɚ
кɚмпɭɫɚ
ɝоɪоɞɚ
ɋɟмɟй
.................................................... 45
.,
ɪɚзɜиɬия
ɫɟкɬоɪɚ
...............................................................................................................................
........................................................ 52
Ⱦжɚнɝɚɛɭлоɜɚ
.,
.,
Жɭмɚɝɟлɞиɟɜ
Пɚɬолоɝичɟɫкɚя
ɚнɚɬомия
кɟɬозɚ
молочныɯ
............... 56
.,
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
.,
Жɭмɚлиɟɜɚ
.,
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
Иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚниɟ
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɯ
изɞɟлий
ɮɭнкционɚльноɝо
)..............................................................................................................................
..................................... 59
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
яɪоɜой
пшɟницы
ɭɫɬойчиɜоɫɬи
)..............................................................................................................................
..................................... 66
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
ɋɪɚɜниɬɟльнɚя
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɫɟɪы
киɫлоɬы
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜыɬяжки
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮныɯ
ɫоɞоɜыɯ
ɫолончɚкоɜ
ɚнɝлийɫком
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
.................... 69
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
.,
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
Ƚиɞɪоɬɟɪмичɟɫкий
очɚɝоɜ
оɛɪɚзоɜɚɜшиɯɫя
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɚнɬɪопоɝɟнной
пɟɫчɚныɯ
почɜ
пɭɫɬынь
)..............................................................................................................................
..................................... 74
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
.,
ɋɪɚɜниɬɟльнɚя
ɫɟɪы
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮном
ɫɪɟɞнɟɫоɞоɜо
ɫɭльɮɚɬноɫолончɚкоɜом
ɫɜɟɬлыɯ
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
.................. 79
Ɍɟмɪɟшɟɜ
.,
Ⱥɝɟɟнко
.,
ɋɚɝиɬ
Ɋɚɜнокɪылыɟ
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
)
ɜоɫɬокɟ
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
ɪɭɫɫком
)............................................................................. 87
.,
Пɟнɬɚɟɜ
.,
Иɝɟмɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
Кɚɪɚɬɚɟɜɚ
.,
Мɟлɞɟɛɟк
ɪɚционɚльноɝо
ɪɟɫɭɪɫоɜ
ɭɫлоɜияɯ
ɫиɫɬɟмы
зɟмлɟпользоɜɚния
ɪɭɫɫком
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
........................................... 95
.,
Кɟнɟнɛɚй
.,
Жɭмɚлиɟɜɚ
.,
Ⱦɚɞɟноɜ
Иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚниɟ
ɞɟликɚɬɟɫныɯ
изɞɟлий
ɮɭнкционɚльноɝо
ɪɭɫɫком
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
........................................... 99
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
яɪоɜой
пшɟницы
ɭɫɬойчиɜоɫɬи
кɚзɚɯɫком
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
ɋɪɚɜниɬɟльнɚя
элɟмɟнɬɚɪной
ɫɟɪы
киɫлоɬы
ɫоɫɬɚɜ
ɜыɬяжки
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮныɯ
ɫоɞоɜыɯ
ɫолончɚкоɜ
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
Ɋɫымɛɟɬоɜ
.,
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
.,
Ƚиɞɪоɬɟɪмичɟɫкий
очɚɝоɜ
оɛɪɚзоɜɚɜшиɯɫя
ɪɟзɭльɬɚɬɟ
ɚнɬɪопоɝɟнной
пɟɫчɚныɯ
почɜ
пɭɫɬынь
кɚзɚɯɫком
языкɟ
)..............................................................................................................................
Кɭɛɟнкɭлоɜ
.,
ɏоɯɚнɛɚɟɜɚ
.,
.,
ɋɪɚɜниɬɟльнɚя
ɫɟɪы
полɭɝиɞɪомоɪɮном
ɫɪɟɞнɟɫоɞоɜо
ɫɭльɮɚɬноɫолончɚкоɜом
ɫɜɟɬлыɯ
ɪɭɫɫком
языкɟ
Нɚционɚльной
Ⱥкɚɞɟмии
нɚɭк
Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
Кɚзɚɯɫɬɚн
Jangabulova A.
., Maulanov A.Z., Zhumageld
iev A.A., Arzymbetov D.E.
Clinical and morphol
ogical manifestation
of ketosis of dairy cows.......................................................................................................
............................................................ 5
Olzhabayeva A.O., Baimanov Zh.N., Daldabayeva
G.T., Aldambergenova G.T., Sharmenova A.A.
Improving the efficiency of using water resources on rice systems..............................................................
.................................. 9
Omarkhanova Zh.M., Mukhambe
tova Z.S., Mataeva B.T.
Meat cattle as the ma
in industry of animals.....
Temreshev I.I., Ageenko A.V., Sagit I.N.
Leafhoppers, treehoppersand spittlebugs (
Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha
)
soybean pests in the South-East of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in English).....................................................
............................ 26
Sabirova R.K., Kurmasheva S.O. P
roblems of the regional development of the ag
rarian sector of the national economy.. 52
Jangabulova A.
., Maulanov A.Z., Zhumageldiev A.A.
Pathoanatomy of dairy cows with ketosis...................................... 56
Chomanov U.C., Kenenbai G.S., Zhumalieva
Research of thermodynamic and rheological
characteristics of new meat delicacies of functional purpose (in English)......................................................
............................... 59
ISSN 2224-526

ɋɟɪия
ɚɝɪɚɪныɯ
нɚɭк
1. 2018
in the journals of the National Academy
of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan
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Ɋɟɫпɭɛлики
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